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.l :[: :. .i, ~.'~. ~]t.JflJl~:_ 'L'j f:'r ~'~]'l ~L i ' .11_"- ! ~JL....X,~,,.~li,~,.,'...~ _ .,._ ~ , I ,, .... Page2 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 1,2010 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. Walk into any Roman Catholic Church that is thirty years old or older, and one is immediately aware of the beautiful columns. We are also aware that modern structural technol- ogy permits us to span much greater distances than those used in most churches. Why then, do we use so many columns, and why are they spaced so close together? We'll find the an- swer after being told that buildings which have been erected during any period in history or in any location in the world have been affected by certain influences. Gen- erally speaking, these are influences of climate, avail- able materials, and religion. In tropical climates, the interior spaces of buildings are kept cool by using small windows, low pitched roofs, and boldly projecting eaves. In northern climates, the roofs are quite steep in or- der to shed snow loads. Where granite, the hardest of all natural building mate- rials, is readily available, the buildings are severe and simple in their treatment in contrast to ornate structures in countries where the stone (marble) is soft and easily worked. In countries CHURCH COLUMNS that are thickly wooded, such as Norway and Sweden, timber is often used, and where stone and timber are difficult to obtain, brick buildings are predominate. Considering the religious influence, we find that the Egyptian belief in life after death caused the construc- t_ion of those incredible pyra- mids, while mythology did the same for the Greeks and their beautiful temples. The magnificent colonnades and fountains set before many Catholic churches had their beginnings in the atrium and the wells or wash foun- tains of the Early Christian era, while the mosaic work done in substitution or sculptured figures is chief characteristic of Byzantine churches. The Egyptian temple was a rectangular shaped struc- ture. The entrance was cen- tered on one end, between two huge masses of masonry that we call pylons. These temples were sanctuaries containing some rooms for the general public and other rooms which only kings and priests were permitted to enter. They were quite different from later Chris- tian churches as they were not used for common prayer or public ritual, but for mys- terious rites and priestly processions which took place within their guarded interiors. Applying our theory of in- fluences we find that the desire for permanence and because of the annual flood- ing of the Nile, the selected building material for Egyp- tian temples was the avail- able stone. It was used for floors, walls and roofs. It is most important to under- stand that when used for roof construction the stone slab is limited relatively short spans, consequently, the create of any kind of useable interior space could only be realized by employ- ing many stone columns, closely spaced. During later eras, the Greeks took the architecture of the Egyp- tians and improved it almost to perfection. The Greek architecture, in turn, in- fluenced much of the Roman construction, and because the Early Christians were essentially Romans, we find this influence of closely spaced stone columns re- flected in most of the sub- sequent Christian church architecture. NEXT ISSUE: The Orders of Architecture Publica by David TnunbuU YEAR IN REVIEW Recently Massachusetts Republican Party chairman Jennifer Nassour compiled a list of the accomplishments, in 2009, of the Democratic administrations and legislative majorities on Beacon and Capitol Hill Some of the low-lights include: 1) Government-run health "care." 2) Massachusetts' tradition of federally indicted Demo- cratic politicians. 3) Massachusetts Sales Tax 25% increase. 4) A cash-in-shirt-stuffing state senator 5) A hit-and-run state senator. 6) Discredited transportation secretary. 7) Hypocritical reversal of our U.S. Senate succession law. 8) Rampant stimulus waste. 9) Unemployment rate in Massachusetts hovering at 9%. 10) "Disappointment Deval" (i.e. increased property taxes, Marian Walsh, new Cadillac car, etc.) There is no doubt that our state and our country are headed in the wrong direction, and too much power in the hands of Democrats has led to reckless spending and waste, higher taxes and corruption. Consider their record on national security. According to James Jay Carafano, senior research fellow at the Heritage Foundation, "Since 2001, there have been 28 failed terrorist attacks against the U.S. That averages out to about three foiled attempts per year. That was until this year. This year there were six failed attempts -- the most any year." A year into the Obama Administration, do you feel safer, or less safe, than you did during the Bush Administration? Do you feel more, or less, secure in you job since the Demo- crats took over? Are you more, or less, confident that you will continue to be able to enjoy access to the best health care in the world at a price you can afford? It's time to capitalize on our political opportunities in 2010 and send Scott Brown to the U.S. Senate! Here's another top-ten list from the Mass. GOP -- Why Martha Coakley Doesn't Want A One-on-One Debate with Scott Brown 10) She thought the election ended when she won the Democrat primary. 9) There is no "lifeline" to her sister overseas when it comes to foreign policy questions. ~) Because "Higher Taz~es and More Spending" is not ex- a gaad ampaign motto. 7) She's tired of asking herself: "What would Harry Reid or Nancy Pelosi do?" 6) She'll have to explain why her own office budget went up while crucial services have been cut. 5) Has no good reason for why she looked the other way on political corruption in Massachusetts. 4) Too busy calculating all the lost jobs that will occur because of her support for cap-and-trade. 3) She's proofreading Governor Patrick's new book about leadership during a fiscal crisis. 2) She doesn't want to get bogged down with trivial details on how the healthcare bill will raise taxes and increase government spending. 1) Coakley would prefer to meet directly with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. David Trumbull is the chairman of the Boston Ward Three Republican Committee. l~osfon's Ward ~'tree include~ fh~ North End, West End, part of Beacon Hill, downtown, waterfront, Chinatown, and part of the South End. Senate Minority Leader Richard R. Tisei (second from left) kicked off his campaign for Lieutenant Governor with a fundraiser at the historic Union Oyster House on December 15. Among the many friends and supporters on hand for the event were (left to right) Joseph Milano, President & CEO of the Union Oyster House; Robert R. Venuti, lohg time North End reeident, political activist & Host committee member for Charlie Baker & Senator Richard Tisai; and Joanne Prevost Anzalone, a long time North End community activist, owner of the Anzalone Realty Company & President of the North End Chamber of Commerce. 'q'he BOSTON POLICE DEPARTMENT is interested in your information not your identity" Community members can report crime anonymously by calling the CrimeStoppers Tip Line at 1-800-494-TIPS or texting the word 'TIP' tO CRIME (27463). The Boston Police Department stringently protects the identity of all who wish to provide information anonymously. WWW.BOSTONPOSTGAZETTE.COM Quality Printing for all your Commercial and Personal Needs Stationery Business Cards * Menus * Flyers Program Books : Wedding and Party Invitations Announcements Business Forms and Documents -- COMPETITIVE PRICES ---