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Page8 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 1,2010 ) Friends of Richard Cardinal Cushing Memorial Park 14'hj/lnnual Christmas Free ighting Saint John School Choir, North End, Boston The annual West End Tree Lighting Cer- Company, Suffolk University, Whole Foods emony was held on Saturday, December 12, 2009 at Richard Cardinal Cushing Memo- rial Park in Bowdoin Square, Boston's West End. President, Norman R. E. Herr of the West End Neighbor Association was proud to lead the effort. Many thanks go to the vol- unteers and sponsors who made it happen. This year's ceremony was dedicated to Robert M. Coard, Past President of ABCD, Hyman H. Rosenberg, West Ender, United States Senator Edward M. Kennedy and Richard Cardinal Cushing. Special thanks to the contributors: Turner Construction Market-Charles River Plaza, West End Apartments of Equity Residential, Peter Limone and Family, J. Pace and Sons, Dr. Frank Campo, North End, Saint John's School Choir, North End, Antonio's Cucina Italiana, Enterprise Car Rental, Somerville, Mass General Hospital, Department of Dietetics, Action for Boston Community Development, John Drew, President, Genevieve Schmidt, Holy Trinity German Singers, Matthew D. Bergen, Senior Prop- erty Manager, Charles River Plaza, Holiday Inn, West End. Italians in the American Civil War Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was suc- cessful in winning the election to the Presidency of the United States in 1860. On the 5 of May 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi with a thousand volunteers landed in Marsala, Sicily and pro- ceeded to conquer the King- dom of the Two Sicilies, which at that time was the largest Italian state, before he proceeded to unify Italy. On April, 1861 Fort Sumter, a fortification in the harbor off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina, was fired upon and thus began the American Civil War. The issue -- should the United States retain slavery -- di- vided the country into the North against the South. The United States had listed in the 1850-1860 cen- suses about I 1,000 Ameri- cans who listed Italy as their birthplace, Many were in New York, Boston and other cities. To many of these Italians, Garibaldi was con- sidered a great man for what he was doing to unify their former homeland. So well known was Giuseppe Garibaldi that many years later, a town in Oregon, west by James DiPrima of Portland, was named in his honor. Garibaldi was well known within the States. He had spent time with the true inventor of the telephone. tOIliO CUCCi Ili florae in Staten Island, NY. And his exploits in South America, where he fought to gain independence for Brazil, were well known, In the early months of the Civil War Lincoln was encountering problems with his army generals. They were having difficulties en- gaging and moving back the Confederate army. Lincoln was now considering calling upon Garibaldi to motivate his generals and army. It was known that Garibaldi was able to motivate the men under his command. Lincoln began correspondence with him through diplomatic channels through the first American Minister to Italy, George Perkins Marsh, while Garibaldi was living in Sardegna. The offer Lincoln made to Garibaldi was to command the American Northern Union army. The condition to accept set down by Garibaldi in 1862 was that the main goal be declared as the abolition of slavery. Lincoln was not ready to declare it, for fear of the crisis that might develop in the agricultural community. He was later to change his thinking and supported the freeing of the slaves. On January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the Emanci- pation Proclamation an- nouncing, "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious areas "are, and henceforward shall be free." The Italians in the north were very supportive of Garibaldi and in New York Giuseppe Garibaldi the "Garabaldini" a nick- name given to the Garibaldi Guard of the 39th New York Infantry Regiment. Its coun- terpart on the Confederate side were soldiers and volun- teers from Italy who signed on with General Lee's Army. When the Civil War ended the States were once again united and in Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi was successful uniting all of Italy in 1861. And so, here in America, Italians fought Italians and in Italy, Italians fought Italians, both believing in their cause and in their leaders. The American Civil War ended May 10, 1865. On Good Friday, April 14, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was assas- sinated at Ford's Theatre in Washington, DC by John Wilkes Booth, while attend- ing a play, Our American Cousin, with his wife, he was 56 years old. Giuseppe Garibaldi died on June 2, 1882 at age 75, in Sardegna. His final request was to have his bed moved to the window in his bed- room so that he could look out onto the blue water of the Mediterranean. by Attorney David Saliba CRITICIZING OTHERS Sticks and stones may break my bones but names will never harm me for when you die you will cry for all the names you called me. I remember this quote when I was little as response to insulting bullies. We often see and hear people criticize, make fun of, and dislike others because of their appearance the way they talk, their race or their faith. We are all human beings. People are what they are by the accident of their birth. Some are born with physical defects. Others are born to particular faiths. Others were born in foreign countries. It's not right to humiliate others whom you think are not up to your standard of what is correct. LOOK IN THE MIRROR. The following is a poem to live by. DON'T JUDGE OTHERS TOO HARSHLY Pray do not find fault with the man who limps, or stumbles along the road, Unless you have worn the shoes he wears, or struggled beneath his load. There may be tacks in his shoes that hurt, though hidden away from view. The burden he bears, placed on your back, might cause you to stumble, too. Don't sneer at the man who's down today, unless you have felt the blow, That caused his fall, or felt the shame that only the fallen know. You may be strong, but still the blows that were his, if dealt to you, In the self-same way at the self-same time, might cause you to stagger, too. Don't be harsh with the man who sins, or pelt him with word and tone. Unless you are sure, yea doubly sure, that you have no sins of your own. For, you know, perhaps, if the tempter's voice should whisper as soft to you. "twould cause you to falter, tool. (Author Unknown) New Year Traditions and Symbols by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari The traditions associated with celebrating a New Year are many, varying from country to country reflecting the diversity of cultures around the world. The need to acknowledge the approach- ing year seems to be bound up with the hope for a better tomorrow as we reflect upon past mistakes and resolve to improve ourselves in the New Year. The celebration of the New Year is the oldest of all holidays. It was first ob- served in ancient Babylon about 4000 years ago. The Babylonian New Year began with the first New Moon af- ter the Vernal Equinox (first day of spring) the season of rebirth. It is believed that the Babylonians were the first to make New Year's resolu- tions, and people all over the world have been breaking them ever since. The early Christians believed the first day of the New Year should be spent reflecting on past mistakes and resolving to improve oneself in the New Year. The Romans continued to observe the New Year in late March, but their calendar was continually tampered with by various emperors so that the calendar soon became out of synchroniza- tion with the sun. In order to set the calendar right, the Roman senate, in 153 BC, declared January 1 to be the beginning of the New Year. Tampering continued until Julius Caesar, in 46 BC, es- tablished what has come to be known as the Julian cal- endar. It again established January 1 as the New Year but in order to synchronize the calendar with the sun, Caesar had to let the previ- ous year drag on for 445 days. In the United States the most famous tradition asso- ciated with celebrating the New Year is the dropping of the New Year ball in Times Square, New York City, at 11:59 P.M. Thousands gather to watch the ball make its one-minute descent, arriv- ing exactly at midnight. The tradition first began in 1907. The original ball was made of iron and wood; the cur- rent ball is made of Water- ford Crystal, weighs 1,070 pounds, and is six feet in diameter. Another American tradi- tion is the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. The Tournament of Roses parade that precedes the football game on New Year's Day is made up of elaborate and inventive floats. The first parade was held in 1886. (Continued on Page 13)