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January 3, 2014

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"Page'2 P(st-GI,ZItTTE, JAN'IJARY 3, 2014 by Prof. Edmund Nostra Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. ANDRONICUS LIViUS Last week we divided all of Roman literati {scholars) into four general groups and then listed most of the cel- ebrated literarians in each of those groups. The first category, as you may recall, was the Early Age or the Age of Greek Influence. The greats assigned to this era are 1. Andronicus Livius, 2. The Scipionic Circle and 3. Cato the Elder. Andronie- LJvius, the first of my candidates in this Early Age-is considered to have been the founder of Roman epic poetry. We all know that epic poetry deals with important historical events and historical heroes. He was born of Greek par- ents in the ancient Greek colonies of Southern Italy which were called "Magna Graecia." He was brought to Rome as a slave after the conquest of Tarentum in the third century B.C., while still a young man. It is thought that he took the name Livius from his master after being given his freedom. As a free man he became an instruc- tor in Latin and Greek lan- guages. It was during this rind possibly later times that he translated Homer's "Odyssey" into an ancient Latin poetry called "Satur- nian" verse. This was a kind of poetry in which the meter was based on stress accents. Res Publica by David Tnunbull f His work contained some imperfections but regardless of this, the translation xCas funds the U.S. military and makes severnl 4 used as a school-book in changes to personnel and procurement p   .!.: ' Rome for centuries ci. Of interest to me is a policy chal. :'  'ii. For those who are not too thatates all branches ofthe servi  : familiar with the work of to use the same camoullage patt47.  Homer I miaht add that he The change had been pushed by L-:kii, ..;:= is consideret to be the ear- Enyart, Democrat from Illinois' 12 th District, ""i;: liest man of fame in Greece who says he started wondering about all and the personification of epic poetry. His most popu- lar works are of course, the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey." The Iliad tells of the war waged by a number of Greek City States to rescue the beautiful Helen who was cap- tured and held in the walled City of Troy and the Odyssey tells of the wanderings of Ulysses after the destruc- tion of Troy. It also tells of the return of the Lady Helen to her husband in Greece. About 240 B.C. Andronicus was successful in establish- ing dramatic poetry in the theaters of Rome and even appeared as an actor in his own creations. Meager or scanty remains of his works are all that have come down to us but, in ret- rospect, Andronicus Livius should be remembered as the founder of Roman dra- matic and epic poetry and for his translation of Homer's Odyssey into Latin verse. NEXT ISSUE: The Scipionic Circle Richard Agency Since 1969 FOR ALL YOUR INSURANCE NEEDS AUTO * HOMEOWNERS * TENANTS COMMERCIAL Experience makes the difference 209 BROADWAY, REVERE, MA 02151 Tel. 781.284.1100 Fax 781.284.2200 Free Parking Adjacent to Building Boston Harborside Home Joseph A. Langone 580 Commercial St. - Boston, MA 02109 617-536-4110 Augustave M. Sabia, Jr. Trevor Slauenwhite Frederick J. Wobrock Dino C. Manca Courtney A. Fitzgibbons Blending in with the Background On Thursday, December 26% President that go into the uniforms is done in Fall Barack Obama signed the National Defense River, Massachusetts, at Dnro Textiles Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (H.R. LLC. Hundreds of jobs have stayed in Fall 3304). The massive bill (500 pages in length) River, rather t," being "off-shored" to low  '. ted parts of the world A Service Family Affiliate of AFFS/Service Corporation International 206 WInter St., Fall River, MA 02720 Telephone 508-676-2454 those different patterns of camouflage in the service branches after reading a Washing- ton Post story detailing how the military now has ten kinds of camouflage and spends millions on camouflage design. Enyart's proposal had bipartisan appeal given the duplication in the military at a time of austerity in government. A Govern- ment Accountability Office September 2012 repo-t revealed that the military had spent $300 million in 2011 to purchase new cam- ouflage and millions more for design. Over time, the study found, service branches have designed camouflage that distinguish one service from another. In a decade, the services introduced seven new camouflage uniforms with a variety of patterns and colors -- two desert, two woodland and three uni- versal patterns. "Camo" is big business. Just in the year 2013 Depart of Defense contracts for cam- ouflage clothing totaled $89.1 million. Much of the production of the camouflage fabrics Saint Adrian was born in the seventh century. Not much is known of his early life, it is believed he was a Berber from North Africa He was relatively young when he became abbot of Nerida, a Benedictine mon- astery near Monte Cassino Italy. Pope Saint Vitalian considered Adrian to be the best person to fill the vacant position of Archbishop of Canterbury succeeding Saint Deusdedit who passed away in 664 AD. Saint Adrian deemed himself un- worthy and recommended Saint Theodore of Tarshs in his place. The Pope agreed but on condition that Adrian should accompany Theodore to England a's adviser of the Archbishop. Theodore and Adrian left Rome in 668 and traveled by way of France, there Saint Adrian was arrested by Ebroin, Mayor of Neustria who suspected he had a secret mission from the Eastern Emperor, Constans II to the English kings and Saint Theodore alone was allowed to go on. After two years, Ebroin found that his suspicion had been ground- less and allowed Adrian to proceed to England. When Saint Adrian finally reached s the Berry Amend- ection 2533a), which :,as first enacted as tion for World War )ept. of Defense to n made products. In .......... "  or textiles, every stage of produttien from fiber, to yarn, to fabric, to finished garment that will protect our men and women in uniform, must take place in America. Some have argued that we should scrap "Berry" and get our uniforms, tents, and parachutes from cheaper overseas sources such as China. Such thinking is very short- sighted. Think what would happen when -- after the U.S. manufacturers had been put out of business by cheap foreign competi- tion -- we found ourselves at war and unable to clothe and shelter our soldiers, sailors, airmen Marines and Coast Guard because we could not get the supplies from a foreign source that was unable or unwilling to ship to us? The new Defense bill, by preserving "Berry" but also requiring a consolidation of camouflage design across the services, assures that our uniformed personnel will have a reliable source of military clothing while saving money. Saint Adrian of Canterbury by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari England, he found Saint Theodore already confirmed in his See as Archbishop. Theodore immediately ap- pointed him Abbot of Saint Peter in Canterbury, a mon- astery which had been founded by Saint Augustine, the apostle of England. The school became known as Saint Austin's. Through his prudent advice and co-operation, Adrian assisted Theodore in unifying the Customs and practices of the Anglo-Saxon Church with those of the Church of Rome. Adrian was knowledgeable in all the branches of ecclesiastical learning, he was well versed in the Scriptures and the Fathers of the Church and a good Greek and Latin scholar. The monk and historian Saint Bede, also known as the Venerable Bede in his Lives of the Abbots of Wearmouth, states that Saint Adrian was also versed in astronomy, sci- ence and maChematics. Un- der his direction the School of Canterbury became the center of English learning. He established numerous other schools in various parts of England, educating many of the saints, scholars, and missionaries, who dur- ing the next century re- kindled the light of faith and learning in France and Ger- many. After spending 39 years in England, Saint Adrian passed away in the year 710 and was buried at Canterbury. His feast is cel- ebrated on January 9 t, the day of his death. LUCIA RISTORANTE & BAR Traditional Italian Cuisine 415 Hanover Street, Boston 617.367.2353 11 MountVernon Street, Winchester 781.729.0515 IDrivate Function ooms L anq Occasion Ckisleninq . Bilol Slo BoIj Slowe Donato Fraffaroli donato @ www.luciaristorante.corn