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January 6, 2012     Post-Gazette
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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 6, 2012 Sh epe N o stra The man who ruled jointly with Marcus Aurelius was his adopted brother. Once again it might be appropri- ate to repeat that after the death of Domitian, it became an approved and welcomed policy for an emperor to adopt a successor. Nerva's admin- istration started the grand period of later Rome, when, for nearly a hundred years, the concept of adopting a successor to the empire, gave Rome the five best rul- ers who ever followed as the "Antonines" or "The Five Good Emperors," This line all started with Nerva, who adopted Trajan, and he in turn chose Hadrian. The brilliant and scholarly Antoninus Plus was the choice of Hadrian, provided that. Plus adopt Marcus Aurelius, and this of course was done. Although Marcus Aurelius adopted Lucius Verus, he departed slightly from estab- lished policy and adopted Lucius as a brother instead of a son and heir. Lucius also contributed his little bit to this departure by dying of a stroke, so that the adopter actually outlived the adop- tee, and the story of his life can now be told sepa- rately from that of Marcus Aurelius. Lucius Ceionius Aelius Commodus Verus Antonius LUCIUS VERUS was given the name Aelius because his father had been adopted by Hadrian, and later called Verus Antoninus be- cause he was adopted as a brother to Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. History does not classify him as either a good or bad emperor, but does imply that his vices were on a par with his viTtues, and that his lack of ingenuity made it impossible for him to conceal any of those vices. His natural father was the one who was adopted by Hadrian, given the name of Caesar, and then departed from this good earth a short time later. Lucius was born in Rome on December 15, 130 A.D. Because of his father's as- sociation with Hadrian, Lucius was reared in the imperial household and re- ceived excellent instruction from Latin and Greek gram- marians, rhetoricians, and philosophers. He held a deep affection for them and they returned that affection but not too much knowledge. He was fond of composing verses and orations, however, his critics never commented on which of these was the bet- ter, but rather, was he a worse poet than a speaker. There were also more than just a few persons who claimed that the only fairly good things credited to him were, in fact, written by some of the learned men that were kept in his employ. After passing into man- hood, his first important position was as a "quaestor" (treasury official), and later he was made "consul" (high magistrate) along with Marcus Aurelius. For many years, however, he func- tioned as a private citizen and not as a member of the royal household, was not singled out for honors as was Marcus, had no seat in the Senate until he was ap- pointed to public office, never rode alongside his father when traveling, and never received any honorary titles except being referred to as the son of the emperor. Lucius was an eager spec- tator at the circus and in the Colosseum, but always con- sidered his debaucheries to be a contact sport. It was said that he was retained in the royal household as a son of Antoninius Pius only be- cause Hadrian had wanted it that way. Lucius was, however, truly loyal to his adopted father, even though he did not show much affec- tion toward him. Pius, in turn, loved his frank nature, and unspoiled manner of life. NEXT WEEK: Verus the Squanderer A New Year's Resolution by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari A New Year's Resolution is most often seen as a goal someone sets out to accom- plish in the coming year. Many of us at the beginning of a New Year make resolu- tions or promises to our- selves to overcome, break the habit or establish a new way of doing things, We set out a goal and try to achieve it in the coming year. The person who has always had a problem of finding things and remembering appoint- ments might resolve to be- come more organized in the coming year. You might promise to finally bring your credit card debt under control, find a more fulfill- ing job, lose those pounds that continue to creep up on you, take the trip that you have reluctantly post- poned for years. The list is endless and we always embark on our resolutions newly made, with the best intentions. Many of the same resolu- tions might have been made before but were not kept, it is estimated by people who look into these things that up to 80 percent of us will in some way or another break our promise to our- selves and end the coming year at the same place we began with our goal not reached. It is easy to indict ourselves and say that we failed, but a promise entered into in good faith but simply not kept, many times for INCOME TAX PREPARATION Financial Services Professional Tax Consultant Personal & Business Year Round Service M.P. & Co. TAX & FINANCIAL SERVICES GRACE PREVITE MAGOON( EA 617-569-0175 146 Maverick Street, East Boston, MA 02128 ESTABLISHED IN 1938 e-mail: gmagoon@aol.com " i'  [ very legitimate reasons, should not be subject to a harsh indictment.. Every year we promise to pay more attention to the clock, to be on time. Anyone who knows us knows that we have a problem with time, that our clock is constantly running ten minutes behind the rest of our friends. Be- lieve it or not, we promise each year to reset our clock and synchronize it to the rest of the world, we enter this promise in good faith each year, but as the weeks go by and the year progresses, we lose a minute here and a minute there and by mid- year we are once again where we left off, ten min- utes behind the rest of the population. Recently a friend advised, that in order to keep our resolutions we should start small, that is, not choose something that will be nearly impossible to accomplish and surround ourselves with positive rein- forcements such as inspira- tional books, people with similar goals, photographs, whatever serves as an en- couragement to keep our promise to ourselves. Hopefully, as we begin the New Year with our resolu- tions newly made, we will be able to maintain the same fervor of keeping them (Continued on Page 11) Res Publica by David Trumbull In 1815 We Took a Little Trip... The governor shall annually ... issue a proclamation setting apart January eighth as New Orleans Day ... to the end that the memory of the services of the soldiers and sailors of the war of eighteen hundred and twelve, and the lessons to be learned from the successes and failures of our arms in that war, may be perpetuated. -- General Laws Part I Title II Chapter 6 Section 12F For many Americans of my age the strongest association with the January 8, 1815 Battle of New Orleans is the song of the same title which, as performed by Johnny Horton, was the Grammy Award "Song of the Year" in 1960. The song was written by Jimmy Driftwood (June 20, 1907-July 12, 1998), who based the melody on a tradi- tional American fiddle tune, "The 8  of January." One of the great American popular songs of my youth aside, quite a lot came out of the War of 1812, some- times called the "Second War of Independence." The Revolutionary War (April 19, 1775 to September 3, 1783) ended with the King of Great Britain acknowledg- ing, in the Treaty of Paris, the independence that the United States had asserted on July 4, 1776. The War of 1812 ended foreign interfer- ence with Americans on the seas and also ended British support of American Indians seeking to limit westward expansion of the young na- tion. The Battle of Baltimore and the defense of Fort McHenry (September 12-15, 1814) was an important American vic- tory and the inspiration for Francis Scott Key to pen the "Star Spangled Banner," which, set to the tune "To Anacreon in Heaven," was a popular unofficial national hymn well before congress, in 1931, made it our official National Anthem. The Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812, in its Tenth Article stated that: "Whereas the Traffic in Slaves is irreconcil- able with the principles of humanity and Justice, and whereas both His Majesty and the United States are desirous of continuing their efforts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby agreed that both the contracting parties shall use their best endeavours to accomplish so desirable an object." The United Kingdom and the United States both, in 1807, had, by law, abolished the slave trade. The Ameri- can law took effect on Janu- ary 1, 1808, the earliest date possible under Article I Sec- tion 9 of the U.S. Constitu- tion. The U.S. law called for forfeiture of property and monetary fines. Following the Treaty of Ghent, con- gress strengthened the law to make the importation of slaves punishable by death. Having twice fought for our liberty, Americans were more and more awakening to the evils of slavery. If most of us remember from school anything of the Battle of New Orleans, it is that the Treaty of Ghent end- ing the war was signed on December 24, 1814, but the sailing ships of the day did not get the message to New Orleans for some weeks. That is why the last battle of the war was fought two weeks after the end of the war! DIVORCE * CRIMINAL * LAW OFFICES OF FRANK J. CIANO 230 MSGR. O'BRIEN HIGHWAY GENERAL PRACTICE OF LAW WILLS * ESTATE PLANNING TRUSTS PERSONAL INJURY WORKERS COMP. 617-354-9400 Si Parla Italiano CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02141 Giovanni the Ikdian Teddy Bear, Press his furry paw, and in Italian he greets t/ou, inviting you to re- spond. Join him when he counts to ten, and when he sings, "Giro, Giro, Ton&" and "La Bella Lavanderina." Listen while Giovanni teaches you "Good Night" and "Good Bye" with the promise of seeing you again. Giovanni speaks only Italian and comes with a translation guide. 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