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Page 8 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 8, 2010 Oroscopo ARIETE 21 MARZO - 20 APRILE Lavoro. Ricominciare la routine quotidiana dopo I'ultimo giorno di festa non b facile, ma prima o poi doveva accadere! Fate allora buon viso... Amore. Non tentennate, se si tratta di qualcosa a cui tenete veramente molto. Meglio fare il primo passo, prima che non sia gi& troppo tardi. Salute. Non b poi cosi difficile cercare di rimanere in buona forma. Vi manca per6 un po' di volont& e di costanza nel fare gli esercizi. TORO 21 APRILE - 20 MAGGIO Lavoro. Pianificate una strategia, se non volete fare prima o poi qualche passo falso. E basate ogni scelta sempre su un solido ragionamento. Amore. Non mettete nulla fra voi e la persona che avete scelto come compagna della vostra vita. Solo cosi i vostri desideri si realizzeranno. Salute. Attenzione alle abitudini non treppo sane. Se protratte per lunghi periodi di tempo, possono causare danni pie seri del previsto. J_L,: GEMELLI 21 MAGGIO - 21 GIUGNO  Lavoro. Le vostre inquietudini vengono fugate in un baleno, dopo che avete  scoperto di essere stati ammessi per un prossimo colloquio. Bene! '  Amore. Nessun sogno, per quanto difficile da realizzare,  impossibile. Certo, se anche voi ci metteste del vostre, senza puntare cosi in alto... Salute. Esercizi mirati alle cosce e ai glutei, per rassodare i muscoli ed evitare cosi i fastidiosi inestetismi della famigerata cellulite. CANCRO 22 GIUGNO - 22 LUGLIO Lavoro. Sapete destreggiarvi abilmente fra idee diverse e opposti gruppi di ensiero. Prima o poi, dovrete per6 scegliere da che parte stare. more. Non buttate una bella storia alle ortiche, solo per aver sentito strane voci. Qualcuno sta cercando di mettervi sulla cattiva strada. Salute. Potreste rinunciare all'ascensore e fare un po' di ginnastica, andando su e gie per le scale. Tonifichereste cosi i muscoli e il cuore. LEONE 23 LUGLIO - 23 AGOSTO Lavoro. Le gratificazioni arriveranno ben presto, siatene certi. Tuttavia, fareste un grande errorea pretenderle voi stessi prima del tempo. Amore. L'armonia alrintemo della coppia sat& soggetta al benefico influsso degli astri. Non b certo questo il momento per tirarsi indietro! Salute. L'energia che avete grazie a Marte vi permette di fare a meno di esagerare col caffe. Siete gi& abbastanza svegli, attivi e dinamici... L VERGINE 24 AGOSTO - 22 SETTEMBRE IBP.J= Lavoro. Se dimostrate di essere responsabili e che avete a cuore il benessere .jrL dell'azienda, vi verranno concesse altre chance. - --"="Amore. Mantenete la vostra attenzione verso mete comuni, se non volete che noia e la routine si impadroniscano del vostre rapporto. Salute. Quando si tratta delle vostre condizioni, non badate a spese, ma ricordatevi che la migliore medicina b sempre la prevenzione. ,  BILANCIA 23 SETTEMBRE- 22, OTTOBRE Lavoro. Errod e distrazioni sono all ordine del giomo. Se petete, dovreste  farvi aiutare da qualche college maggiormente in vena di voi. Amore. Col sestile tra Luna e Made, potete contare su una buona attrazione fisica, che tuttavia non baste per costruire un solido legame. Salute. Troppo nervosismo, che non riuscite a scaricare esteriormente. Un'ora in palestra potrebbe esservi d'aiuto, pedomeno superficialmente.  SCORPIONE 23 OTTOBRE - 22 NOVEMBRE Lavoro. Un sorriso o una battuta scherzosa detta al momento giusto pessono fare molto per distendere un'atmosfera carica di tensione. Amore. Affrontate con fiducia ogni possibile difficolt& che incontrate sul cammino. Se credete in voi stessi, siete gi& a met& delropera. Salute. Meglio evitare sbalzi di temperature, se non volete stare a letto qualche giorno. E in auto, vietato il riscaldamento al massimo.  SAGI'ITARIO 23 NOVEMBRE- 21 DICEMBRE Lavoro. Ottenete un aiuto inaspettato dalla buona sorte e potrete contare su una marcia in pie. Raggiungerete gli obiettivi, senza fatica. Amore. II futuro, se affrontato giorno per giomo, non pub spaventarvi pie di tanto. Le chance si creano vivendole ogni istante che passa. Salute. Un diffusore adatto all'aromaterapia pub essere molto utile in case. L'essenza di lavanda b utile in tutte le affezioni della gola.  CAPRICORNO 22 DICEMBRE- 20 GENNAIO Lavoro. Se farete mosse awentate, rischiate dawero di prendere un granchio oggi: siete sotto il tire della Luna in disarmonia con Mercurio. Amore. Non potete sempre puntare su un'identit, di vedute. Nel vostro caso, il dialogo sarebbe I'unico modo per creare un possibile incontro. Salute. Rimediate ad un sonno irrequieto e agitato con una dose di tintura madre di biancospino, reperibile in tutte le erboristede. thLlb ACQUARIO 21 GENNAIO - 19 FEBBRAIO Lavoro. Nuove e intriganti idee in arrivo dal campo professionale. Se non volete ,llr essere sorpassati dagli altri, coglietele ed applicatele! ....  Amore. Meglio una serata con gli amici o I intimit& di case vostra? Cercate di decidere insieme e di non fare un dramma d'ogni piccola cosa. Salute. Siete in buona forma. Ma se volete mantenerla, dovete programmare degli esercizi quotidiani. Bastano anche solo pochi minuti al giorno... II PESCl 20 FEBBRAIO - 20 MARZO Lavoro. Ogni istante b prezioso e vi permette di andare avanti, senza temere alcunch. Non scavalcate perb le tappe necessarie ad ogni cosa. Amore. Non dovreste giOcare con i sentimenti delle persone. Se non siete innamorati, fatelo capire al pie presto a chi invece si era illuso. Salute. Se il fisico b un po' debo[e, non Io stressate eccessivamente: andate a letto presto e seguite uno stile di vita sanged equilibrato. Boston Harborside Home Joseph A. Langone 580 Commercial St. Boston, MA 02109 617-536-4110 www.bostonharborsidehome.com Joseph F. Allen Trevor Slauenwhite Frederick J. Wobrock Dino C. Manca A Service Family Afiliate of AFFS/Service Corporation International 206 Winter St., Fall River, MA 02720 Telephone 508-676-2454 Why Galileo Is So Important Today PART, by Dr. Carlo CipoUone, Educational Director of the Italian Consulate Dr. Carlo Cipol/one, the Educational Director of the Italian Consulate, presented the following article, Galileo's Educational Legacy, at a recent symposium at Harvard University. The event was in celebration of the 400  anniversary of the invention of the telescope. The Post-Gazette will publish the lecture in a two part series. GALILEO'S EDUCATIONAL LEGACY As an educator, I can confirm that Galileo continues to generate great curiosity today, even among the youngest members of our society. I received an email from a nine year-old student. With her mother's help, young Ashley asked to address some simple questions to scientists and experts on Galileo. She also requested to meet with me for a chat about this icon of scientific discov- ery. While reviewing Ashley's questions I realized that children, in their ingenuity, manage to raise complex topics and queries -- challenging most adults to give a suitable answer. The question that struck me the most was probably the most difficult to answer: "Why is Galileo so important today?" I hope that I can give an answer to Ashley's question. I will aim to give the best response I can, trying to offer a perspective based on the man behind the telescope, the man who influenced countless disciplines. Galileo's ideas not only sparked a scien- tific revolution, they initiated a large- scale revolution in human thinking. He changed the way we see the world and more importantly, how we perceive ourselves within it. Everything began four hundred years ago. The writings from the period indicate that many had been convinced that there was nothing left to discover in the world. However in the 16th century many scientists and philosophers began to review the concept of geocentr.ism and highlight its inconsisten- cies with their observations. But it was Copernicus who expanded this into the theory of heliocentrism. In this context, in July 1609, Galileo Galilei became aware of a Dutch telescope. He was convinced that the invention would be very useful to search the celestial bodies of outer space. He succeeded in procuring the instru- ment, but immediately realized that it was little more than a toy, and so he decided to construct one of his own that would better suit his purposes. On November 1609, Galileo pointed his telescope towards the sky. For the first time he observed lunar craters, the stars of the Milky Way, and in 1610, he observed the fn-st four satellites of Jupiter. He called them "Medicea Sidera," in honor of the Medici fam- ily and in order to earn their gratitude and obtain influential protection for his upcom- ing presentation of these discoveries before the scientific community. Yet long before using the telescope, Galileo had already begun looking at the world "from a different perspective." In 1606, he had writ- ten to the great scientist Johannes Kepler {his correspondent) saying that he "had been a Copernicanist for many years." This means that his astronomical activities began in adolescence. Though his father wanted him to become a doctor, Galileo (thankfully and fortunately for us) clandestinely studied mathematics. Galileo thought of the cosmos as an "im- mense concept full of philosophy, astronomy, and geometry." He was convinced that the direct observation of the sky would supply the answers for the questions that crowded his mind. He wrote that, "Thought is the most pleasing ability granted to .human kind., ...................... Many artists were inspired by this revolu- tion in science and applied Galileo's obser- vations to their work, perhaps most evident in the paintings by Ludovico Cigoli. One of Galileo's most difficult tasks was recreating what he observed through the telescope; he didn't have, after all, the advantage of an iPhone or a camera, digital or otherwise, For that reason he asked for help from his friend Cigoli. The two met in Florence, where they, along with Giovanni de'Medici, were given lessons in perspective by mathematician Ostilio Ricci. Galileo relied on Cigoli to draw realistic depictions of what he saw. Even in the 1599 Cigoli's "Adoration of the Shepards" the moon can be seen a more re- alistic object in the noticeable presence of the darker circle of clouds. Between 1610 and 1612, Cigoli, corresponding with Galileo and experimenting with perspective projections on curved surfaces, created the Immacolata, a superb fresco in the cupola of the Pauline Chapel of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. Here, the one central element is the Virgin Mary, who stands upon a crescent moon clearly pitted and scarred just as Galileo had seen it. Cigoli's moon, floating in a chapel in anti-Copernican Rome clearly depicts parts of the moon's actual geography. Unlike the abstract representations that had dominated art before Galileo's discoveries, in Cigoli's painting the moon is a concrete image, not a symbolic idea. Many others artists were directly influ- enced by Galileo, like Andrea Pozzo, whose fresco at Saint Ignazio di Loyola church in Rome, gives the illusion of a false dome. Only standing below the center of the ceiling, on top of a marble disc, can a perfect dome be depicted. As one moves to other parts of the room their perspective begins to change cre- ating a distorted view. Galileo's discoveries also had a notable impact in the field of phi- losophy. For example: Francis Bacon realized both the importance of Galileo's discoveries themselves and the importance of the way in which Galileo presented them. He said: "There are men who are praised because they meticulously lend reason to their dis- coveries and then go on to navigate celestial spaces in small boats. This is Galileo." Bacon therefore equates Galileo's explora- tion via telescope with that of famous travel- ers of the Earth's seas, such as Christopher Columbus. The struggle to maintain a rela- tionship with the Church while still develop- ing his scientific ideas: In 1610, Galileo published the results of these astronomical observations in the "Sidereus Nuncius," a booklet marking a development in the history of astronomy and science. The idea that the Earth was immo- bile and at the center of the universe, as well as the belief that the sky was unchanging, were refuted once Galileo's observations were published. The loss of a privileged posi- tion of the Earth in the universe twisted the idea sustained by the Church that the cos- mos was created in deference to Man. Galileo's studies therefore produced devas- tating consequences on a philosophical and religious level; nothing could ever be the same as before. He certainly was aware that the Copernican cosmology was not in accor- dance with the Church and the Holy Scrip- tures, which attested to the geocentric con- ception of the Universe. In April of 1611 Galileo, then a renowned professor and under the protection of Cosimo II de' Medici, was received in Rome. Para- doxically, the Jesuit scientists of the Roman College praised Galileo for his discoveries, and the prince Federico Cesi named him Academic of Lincei. It seemed as if his new ideas had triumphed. Nevertheless, those opposed to Galileo's theories continued to act on behalf of the Inquisition. Motivated by certain members of the Church who understood the risk of Galileo's theories, the Dominicans Tommaso Caccini and Nicolo Lorini attacked the sci- entist. Their principal fear was that his theo- ries would inspire humanity to think freely. Their argument proved convincing. ,.  {Part :II Continued.Next Week}