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January 15, 2010     Post-Gazette
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Page'2 'POST.,GAZETTE, JANUARY 15, 20t0 Stir ep_e_ by Prof. Edmund Turiello Nostra of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. For the novice, a very small and elementary dose of geology, with some tech- nology, might help to provide a better understanding of our theology. The surface of the earth as we see it is either rock, earth, or water. The terms rock and stone are often misused. Generally speak- ing, rock includes the solid material which forms the earth's crust, and it is also called bedrock. The smaller or quarried pieces of rock are called stone. Remember ... we step off the curbstone and not the curbrock. We walk on flagstone and not flagrock. A simple and very elemen- tary explanation of rock is gained by dividing it into three general classes. These classes are (1) igne- ous rock, which was formed by volcanic action. It is the strongest, and most durable of all rock. Granite curb- stones are a good example of igneous rock. It's easy to re- member if you associate ig- neous with igniting the vol- cano. (2) Sedimentary rock, which was formed from dis- integrated products of other rocks. Flagstone is a good example of sedimentary rock. Associate this one with the accumulated sediment WHY MARBLE? form other disintegrated rocks, give it a few million years to cook, and presto, out comes flagstone. (3) Meta- morphic rock, which was formed from other disinte- grated rocks plus accumu- lated debris. Its chemical character was altered by pressure, temperature, va- pors, and/or liquids. In other words a metamorphosis took place through the years. Marble is an example of Metamorphic rock. Marble deposits are widely distributed throughout the world. About 90% of the marble quarried in this country comes from Tennes- see, Vermont, and Georgia. Pure marble is white, but in some areas, foreign sub- stances and impurities formed to produce a selec- tion of beautiful colors and variations. Because it is much easier to work and polish then many other stones, along with beauti- ful color patterns, makes marble a valuable medium for decorative uses. For sculptural work the most desirable qualities are pure white crystals, straight uniform grain, and freedom from natural stains, voids, and microscopic cracks. A good grade of marble is avail- able in the U.S.A. Marble from Carrara, Italy, is better, and Pentelicus in Greece, ranks with the world's best. Augustus, the first em- peror of the Roman Empire ruled for forty-one years. His reign, called the Augustan Age, was for Rome, what the Age of Pericles was for Ath- ens. Augustus boasted that he found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble. We remember from a previ- ous column, a statement regarding the influence of available materials upon building construction. Also, it's next to impossible to list the marble quarries that were operating 2,000 years ago. I do know, however, that the world famous Carrara quarries of Liguria were worked by the Romans, and are still going strong. Today in Italy, there are active marble quarries in the Aosta valley (northwest), Castel Fiorentino (near Siena), Verona, the Dolomites, Lom- bardy, Valmalenco (north), Carnia (northwest), Brescia (north central), and, on doubt, many others that I'm not acquainted with. The point that I want to make is that all of Italy is sitting on marble. The Great (Continued on Page 14) Councilor LaMattina Begins New Term As we begin a new year and new decade, I begin a new term representing the people of District 1 on the Boston City Council. Since I was first elected to this po- sition in the summer of 2006, I've never forgotten that I've been entrusted by the people of this district to be their voice in city govern- ment and I've never taken that trust for granted. I am excited to continue working with Mayor Menino as he begins his fifth term in office, and I welcome our two new at-large councilors, Ayanna Pressley and Felix Arroyo. I look forward to roll- ing up my sleeves with each of my colleagues, and with countless residents and community groups, to ad- dress the issues that con- front us as we move forward. As always, I will put a pri- ority on the prompt and com- petent execution of basic city services. We all want to see neighborhoods that are safe and welcoming, schools that kindle a love of learn- ing and produce good citi- zens, and streets that are clean and quickly cleared of snow. In order to stay on top of these issues, some of the strategies I'll be looking at this year include year-round street cleaning, increased commercial recycling, and innovative approaches to ro- dent control. I will continue to work with the Neighbor- hood Response Teams to quickly address local issues and the Problem Property Task Forces to hold property owners accountable. Responding to the ques- tions and concerns of the people of District 1 remains the most important part of my f NOBILE INSURANCE ALBANO F. PONTE, CEP Financial and Estate Planning Email afponte @ msn.com Phone 617-320-0022 MICHAEL F. NOBILE, CPCU ARLINGTON 148A Massachusetts Avenue Arlington, MA 02474 (781) 646-1200 Fax (781) 646-1148 MEDFORD 39 Salem Street Medford, MA 02155 (781) 395-4200 Fax (781) 391-8493 BOSTON 251 Hanover Street Boston, MA 02113 (617) 523-6766 Fax (617) 523-0078 WWW.B( )STONPOSTGAZETTE.COM J job, and the residents and businesses in Charlestown, the North End, East Boston, Beacon Hill and the down- town area should always know that a phone call, let- ter or email to my office means that their concern will be addressed immedi- ately and that there will be follow-up. This is a commit- ment I take very seriously. Another issue that I re- main focused on is develop- ment. In the coming year there will be a number of projects moving forward throughout this district, and it is of the utmost impor- tance that residents, busi- nesses, and community or- ganizations are deeply in- volved in decisions made in their neighborhoods, Devel- opment is, of course, impor- tant, but overdevelopment is something we must take steps to avoid. As a result, I will continue to insist that input from the neighbor- hoods be solicited and in- cluded in any and all projects. Boston is a city that brings together the modern and the historic like few other places in the United States. We will continue meeting the chal- lenges of the 21 st century and making sure that this remains a wonderful place to live, work and visit. I am honored and humbled by the faith placed in me by those I represent, and I will con- tinue to do the work that the people of District 1 have asked me to do. Res Publica by David TrumbuU "It's not the Kennedys" seat, and it's not the Democrats' seat, IT'S THE PEOPLES' SEAT" -- Scott Brown, January 11  My birthday is 'round about now which prompted two vis- its to downtown offices I rarely otherwise see. First I trekked down to Chinatown to the Registry of Motor Vehicles for my driver's li- cense renewal. Secondly was to my physician for the annual look, listen, poke, say "ahh," drop-your-trou- sers and cough. I dare say most everyone would agree that the latter, for all the in- dignities, is still preferable to the former visit. So what it is with the Democrats who are hell-bent on putting the people who run the Registry in charge of our medical care? On Tuesday, January 19 th, we have a choice, Scott Brown, as U.S. Senator, will be the indispensable 41 t vote to stop government take-over of health care. That alone should be enough to elect him. Wanting to pre- serve the best health care system in the world is just one of the many ways that Scott Brown is in touch with ordinary working people of Massachusetts. Here are some others, as gathered from his website -- IMMIGRATION Scott recognizes that our strength as a nation is built on the immigrant ex- perience in America. He welcomes legal immigration to this country. However, we are also a nation of laws and government should not adopt policies that encour- age illegal immigration. Pro- viding driver's licenses and in-state tuition to illegal immigrant families will act as a magnet in drawing more people here in viola- tion of the law and it will impose new costs on tax- payers. He opposes amnesty, and believes we ought to strengthen our border en- forcement and institute an employment verification sys- tem with penalties for com- panies that hire illegal immigrants. GUN ISSUES Scott supports the Second Amendment and believes that citizens have the right to keep and bear arms as a basic constitutional liberty. He supports safe and respon- sible gun ownership. DEATH PENALTY Scott believes there are some crimes that are so heinous that they deserve capital punishment. Our Government should have the ability to impose the death penalty in cases where it is justified. MARRIAGE Scott believes marriage is between a man and a woman. States should be free to make their own laws in this area, so long as they reflect the people's will as expressed through them directly, or as expressed through their elected repre- sentatives. REMEMBER TO VOTE TUESDAY, JANUARY 19TH! David Trumbull is the chairman of the Boston Ward Three Republican Committee. Boston's Ward Three includes the North End, West End, part of Beacon Hill, downtown, waterfront, Chinatown, and part of the South End. ENGINE 8 LADDER 1 Gives Thanks to Local Businesses North End's Engine 8, Ladder I held a holiday party for firefighters and their families at the fire station this past Christmas. They wish to thank local busi-nesses who helped make the party enjoyable for all. Special thanks to: Lucia's Restaurant, Umberto's Pizza, LoConte's Restaurant, Maurizio's Restaurant and Bova Bakery. PRINTING 5 PRINCE STREET * NORTH END * BOSTON, MA 02113 Quality Printing for all your Commercial and Personal Needs n COMPETITIVE PRICES 617-227-8929