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PAGE 2 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 27, 2017 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects o four .... ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. ENTER OCTAVIUS Gaius Octavius, later named Augustus, was born on Septem- ber 23, 63 B.C., into a family of wealth and repute, in his grand- father's house near Velitrae, a town about 21 miles southeast of Rome. His mother was Aria, the niece of Julius Caesar. He was born in a suburb of Rome, and was destined to become the first emperor of the Romany Empire. At the age of four, he suffered the loss of his father and at the age of twelve, he delivered a funeral eulogy for his grandmother. He endeared himself to Julius Caesar on numerous occasions because of his strong charac- ter, and was deeply involved in his studies at Apollonia when news reached him of his uncle's murder. (Apollonia was an educational center for patrician Roman youths located in Albania.) He immediately re- turned to Italy where he was enthusiastically greeted. He received the name of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus and then defeated Mark Antony (Marcus Antonius) when the latter refused to surrender Caesar's property and failed to pay the legacy promised the people in Caesar's will. Octavianus (or Octavius) paid the amount from his own re- sources and won popular favor. Although the forces of Octavian defeated those of Mark Anto- A reconstructed statue of Augustus as a younger Octavian, dated ca. 30 BC. ny, a later reconciliation with Antony and association with the Roman General Ledpius resulted in the formation of the Second Triumvirate in 43 B.C. This Second Triumvirate was sealed by a proscription (pub- lishing the names of persons condemned to death) in which each member permitted the execution of any friend who might be named by either of the other two members. By this method, at least 2,000 of the middle-class (equestrian order) and 300 senators were executed and their property confiscated. Cicero was probably the most prominent on the list of victims. NORTH END - BUILDING FOR SALE 5 STORY CORNER BUILDING FOR SALE 1 COMMERCIAL SPACE 4 APARTMENTS INTERESTED PARTIES ONLY WRITE TO PO BOX 575, CHARLESTOWN, RI 02813 L_ i).___ so,., Real Estate 376 NoWn Street Boston, MA 02113 (617) 523-2100 Fax (617) 523-3530 LETTERS POLICY The Post-Gazette invites its readers to submit Letters to the Editor, Letters should be typed, double-spaced and must include the writer's name, address and telephone number. Anonymous letters are not accepted for publication. Due to space considerations, we request that letters not exceed two double-spaced, type-written pages. This newspaper reserves the right to edit letters for style, grammar and taste and to limit the number of letters published from any one person or organization. Deadline for submission is 12:00 noon on the Monday prior to the Friday on which the writer wishes to have the material published. Submission by the deadline does not guarantee publication. Send letter to: Pamela Donnsruma, Editor, The Post-Gazette; P,O, Box 135, Boston, MA 02113 The armed forces of the Trium- virate were also responsible for defeating the forces of two of Caesar's murderers, Brutus and Cassius. Both of these conspirators later committed suicide. A later division of the Roman world gave Octavius the western portion, Antony the eastern por- tion, and Lepidus took parts of Africa. Antony married Octavia, the sister of Octavian, but while in Egypt he became so involved with Cleopatra that he repudi- ated his wife, neglected all of his public duties, and alienated Rome. The Roman Senate de- clared war on Cleopatra and it was Octavius who championed the Roman cause and defeated Antony at Actium in 31 B.C. After his victory at Actium, Octavius sailed to Egypt, laid siege to Alexandria where Antony and Cleopatra had taken refuge, and captured the city. Antony tried to make terms when the end was near, but was forced to commit suicide. An attempt was rr/ade to keep Cleopatra alive, but the venom from the asp bite took its toll. Antony and Cleopatra were buried in the same tomb, and the mausoleum which they had begun was completed after their death. Egypt was reduced to the status of a Roman Province and, at the age of 34, Octavius became the undisputed master of the Roman World. NEXT WEEK: Octavius Becomes Augustus LEGAL NOTICE Commonwealth of Massachusetts The Trial Court Probate and Family Court Middlesex Division 208 Cambridge Street East Cambridge, MA 02141 (017) 768-5800 Docket No. MI16P6557EA Estate of ELBA ORTIZ DELGADO Also Known As ELVA ORTIZ DELGADO Date of Death December 20, 2013 INFORMAL PROBATE PUBLICATION NOTICE To all persons interested in the above captioned estate, by Petition of Petitioner Yazmln Rijoe of Los Angeles, CA. Yazmln RlJos of Los Angeles, CA has been informally appointed as the Personal Representative of the estate to serve without surety on the bond. The estate is being administered under informal procedure by the Personal Represen- tative under the Massachusetts Uniform Pro- bate Code without supervision by the Court. Inventory and accounts are not required to be filed with the Court, but interested parties are ended to notice regarding the administration from the Personal Representative and can petition the Court in any matter relating to the estate, including distdbution of assets and expenses of administration. Interested parties are entitled to petition the Court to institute formal proceedings and to obtain orders ter- minating or restricting the powers of Personal Representatives appointed under informal pro- cedure. A copy of the Petition and Will, if any, can be obtained from the Petitioner. Run date: 1/27/17 Saint Catherine of Bologna, Patron Saint of Artists by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari Catherine was born on Sep- tember 8, 1415. She was born .... into an aristocratic Bolognese family, the daughter of Giovanni Vigri, an ambassador to Niccol6 III d~Este, Marquis of Ferrara, and Benvenuta Mammolini of Bologna. From the age of nine, she was raised at the court of the Duke of Ferrara as a lady-in-waiting to his daughter Margherita dGste. During this time, she received excellent training in reading, writing, music, singing, drawing and illuminating. The court, with all its splen- dor, was not of interest to Catherine. When Catherine was 17 years old, she obtained the consent of her mother -- her father having already died -- to join a pious company of young women in Ferrara who led a religious life but had not yet adopted a definite rule. In 1432, together with other young women of Ferrara, she founded a Monastery of the Order of Poor Clares. Catherine was charged with the duties of the bakery. After a time, she was en- trusted with the duties of mis- tress of novices. Catherine tried to be excused, explaining that she was entirely incapable of this task; but she was com- pelled by obedience to accept it. Catherine spent 24 years in the convent at Ferrara and had trained many sisters in the way of sanctity when, at the request of the city of Bologna, she was sent with 15 sisters to establish a similar convent in her native town. She was appointed abbess, and governed her community with wisdom and motherly love. She was particularly attentive to the sick sisters. In dispensing to them spiritual consolation, she said, "My dear sisters, you are now the true brides of the Divine Savior, who chose pain and suf- ferings as His portion." She died on March 9, 1463, at the age of 49, and was buried. After eighteen "days of alleged graveside miracles, her incor- rupt body was exhumed and relocated to the chapel of the Poor Clares in Bologna (Cap- pella della Santa), next to the church of Corpus Domini, where it remains on display. Catherine is the author of Treatise on the 7 Spiritual Weapons Necessary for Spiritual Warfare. She was canonized by Pope Clement XI in the year 1712. The Feast of Saint Cath- erine of Bologna is celebrated on March 9th. N Old North Church's | / Donation Pew Box is Open CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE ~tELP SOMEBODY THAT IS HGMEL~$ TOOAY The Old North Church's donation pew box is open again! The recipi- ents of your generous donations will be the homeless guests of the Boston Warm Day Center at Emmanuel Church on Newbury Street. The Day Center is open Mondays and Fridays from 8:00 am-l:00 pm and offers a safe and secure area for the homeless to rest and get warm, a caring Staff, and nourishment for all. We can only accept these listed items: Adult sized gently used or new coats, hats, mittens, scarves, and gloves New socks Personal health products: like hand wipes, toothpaste and tooth- brushes, shaving cream and razors, mini bottles of shampoo, and soap. Items can be dropped off in our donation pew box in the back of the church. The church is open from 10:00 am- 4:00 pm everyday. The Old North Church is located at 193 Salem Street, North End, Boston. For more information, please call 617-858-8231, or visit www.oldnorth.com -- FOR YOU WHO APPRECIATE THE FINEST-- THE G~ MUSIC FOR ALL OCCASIONS 781-648-5678