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January 29, 2010     Post-Gazette
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Page2 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 29, 2010 THE Pope Julius II, an outstand- ing pontiff, statesman, and patriot, ruthlessly pulled down the original Church of St. Peter in order to erect a monument to the papal power, the Christian reli- gion, the Latin race, and to himself. This pope, quick to detect genius, selected Donato Bramante, an Um- brian, Lombard, and Roman architect and painter, to pre- pare the designs for a new St. Peter's and the construc- tion work started in 1506. Pope Julius died in 1513 and Bramante was replaced by the Florentine architect and sculptor Jiuliano da Sangallo, who died after ac- complishing very little. Other architects called in at later times to lend their expertise to the project were Fra Giocondo, Raphael, the world famous painter, Baldassare Peruzzi from Siena, and Sangallo the Younger. Sometime around 1547, when Michelangelo was 72 years old, he was commanded by Pope Julius Ill to take over the position of architect for the edifice which was about fifty per- cent complete. Michelangelo prepared the design for a central dome set on a high circular, drum like base and strengthened the piers be- low, Unfortunately Michel- angelo died before the dome BASILICA OF ST. PETER was constructed but it was completed from models that Michelangelo left. He had served the Pope without compensation "For Love of God only", and once again produced one of the great masterpieces of art. The architects who suc- ceeded Michelangelo were Giaconda Della Portal, Domenici Fontana, Vignola, Liborio, Carlo Madera, and Giovanni Bernini. Bernini is the architect who de- signed the beautiful en- trance colonnade, the bal- dachin (bronze canopy over the altar), and the twisted black marble columns that support the baldachin. The Basilica of St. Peter is claimed by the Romans to be one of the wonders of the world and perhaps the most stupendous of all. For nearly two hundred years the great- est masters of the Renais- sance exerted their genius and exhausted all of the resources of their art while more than forty popes lav- ished their treasures in this unparalleled sanctuary which stands on the site of Nero's circus where thou- sands of the first Christians were martyred. St. Peter's is the most important building of the Italian Renaissance period, and the largest church in the world. Some idea of its tremendous size can be re- alized when we discover that St. Patrick's Church in New York City will fit inside St. Peter's three times in length, and the Statue of Liberty on its base will fit un- der the dome of St. Peter's leaving ninety-five feet to spare. The lettering at the interior base of the dome translates from Latin to "Thou art Peter and upon this rock I will build my Church and to three I will give the keys to the Kingdom of heaven." The main altar is called the Altar of Confes- sion. It was built over the tomb of St. Peter. The Holy Father or specially autho- rized cardinals are the only persons permitted to say Mass there. The baldac- chino (canopy) over the altar is made entirely of bronze and weighs over 700 tons. This canopy is supported by four twisted black marble columns that were copied from Solomon's Temple. The effects of Michel- angelo's dome became so far reaching that from the end of the 16th century no important church was built without the central dome, which also became a "must" for every monumental U.S. building, including our na- tional and state capitols. NEXT WEEK: MICHELANGELO What Scott Brown Means If Barack Obama's 2008 Presidential win repre- sented the shattering of old racial barriers, Scott Brown's recent US Senate victory represents the shattering of old ideological barriers. Thanks to Brown, blue-state conservatives and Republi- cans can now live their lives openly, unafraid of idiotic in- sults and scurrilous smears. There was a collective sigh of relief from the blue- state right on January 19. For years, conservatives and Republicans in overwhelm- ingly Democratic states had to live their lives in fear and shame, having been con- victed without trial on charges of ignorance and intolerance. They suffered in silence, realizing that by D. R. Tucker they could not convince ideo- logically rigid progressives that they too, believed in equality, fairness and diver- sity, disagreeing only on the manner through which such goals should be achieved. Now, in the wake of Brown's victory, they can fi- nally live in peace and free- dom; acknowledging their true selves and affirming their true identities. They can finally march down the street in a parade of patri- otic pride. Brown will forever be a hero to blue-state conservatives. He embodies what conserva- tism actually is: upbeat, hopeful, forward-thinking, and energetic. For too long, progressive activists and Democratic strategists have Follow Your Heart..: .... Adopt a Real Manatee This Valentine's Day Call 1-800-432-JOIN (5646) www.savethemanatee.org JG BAFFO, LLC Certified Public Accountant INCOME TAX PREPARATION Individuals Businesses John G. Baffo, CPA Lewis Wharf, Bay 217, Boston, MA 02110 Tel.: 617.248.9500 Fax: 61~'.248.9511 E-mail: jb@jgbaffo.com Serving the Italian Community raised the specter of sulking, snarling, scowling southern conservatives as a means of scaring people away from conservative and Republican ideas. They will no longer be able to get away with such attacks. Brown has demon- strated that an optimistic person from any part of the country can fred merit in the right's core philosophy. Brown connected with the young, with suburbanites, with people who had long since checked out of politics. He had a compelling mes- sage that he delivered with skill -- and he defeated At- torney General Martha Coakley by sheer force of will. There are millions of "Scott Brown Republicans" in this country. They em- brace conservatism because they recognize that the right's core principles, when (Continued on Page 14) Vdzza Funeral Homes 262 Beach St., Revere 781-284-1127 11 Henry St., E. Boston 617-567-0955 Louis R. Vazza - Mark A. Tauro Funeral Directors www.vazzafunerals.com Res Publica by David Trumbull What Did Boston Do for Brown ? In Washington, D.C. this week, where I was in meet- ings with officials of the U.S. Department of Commerce and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, all the dinner-table discussion was of Scott Brown's dra- matic victory in Massachu- setts. Or, as some of my colleagues from the Caroli- nas said, "Who would have thought Southern conser- vatives would be looking to Massachusetts -- of all places -- to save us from Obamacare?" The election results even in the City of Boston were an eye-opener. Republican Scott Brown did exception- ally well in some Boston neighborhoods. Surprisingly, Beacon Hill and Back Bay, which used, commonly, to be thought of as the last bas- tion of Republican Boston, while returning a higher percentage of votes for Brown than the city overall, were not his strongest areas. Working class Democrat neighborhoods in Boston went big for Brown. That mir- rors what happened state- wide, at least according to an article in the Wall Street Journal which cited a poll commissioned by the AFL- CIO reporting union house- holds favored Mr. Brown over Ms. Coakley in the recent election. Is this the resurgence of "Ed King" Democrats (known nationally as "Ronald Reagan Democrats") as a deciding factor in state elections? We shall see. It is unclear how Bay State Democrats will respond to Scott Brown's election. Republicans are, as expected, hopeful of victories in November. With two good candidates for the Republi- can nomination for governor we are well positioned to capture the attention of the people and the press. Any Republican candidate, who can add to that by igniting the passion of the people, as did Scott Brown, will look like a November winner. Republican hopes will not be focused solely on state- wide or suburban races as in the past. In last week's column I gave Post-Gazette readers some details on the Republican vote by neighbor- hood and precinct, including the North End where he came within two percentage points of winning and did win in one of the four North End precincts. I now have numbers for East Boston, where the Post-Gazette maintains a satellite office. "Eastie" went for Brown 45%, or 15 per- centage points above the citywide vote for the Repub- lican. In the four precincts of East Boston that make up the Orient Heights neigh- borhood, that is, the pre- dominantly Italian part of East Boston, Scott Brown won, with 54% of the vote. Clearly, Boston, in the recent election, proved to be a big -- and in recent memory untapped -- source of Republican support. David Trumbull is the chairman of the Boston Ward Three Republican Committee. Boston's Ward Three includes the North End, West End, part of Beacon Hill, downtown, waterfront, Chinatown, and part of the South End. THE NORTH END Where It All Began The Way It Was by Fred Langone SALE PRICE $19.95 Plus Shipping & Handling On Site at The Post-Gazette 5 Prince Street, North End, Boston, MA