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Page 6 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 29, 2010 Mary N. Di___Zazzo OATS-- Not Just for Horses! "About 95% of all oats grown today are used as animal feed." Ciao bella, We are graced with many natural ingredients that are grown or found in our envi- ronment. Another wonderful find is oats. A cereal grain grown for its seed was once considered a weed that grew with barley and wheat. Oats are now the third leading cereal crop grown in the United States. Oatmeal has become very popular in most recent years due to its health and cosmetic ben- efits. But years ago it was considered a grain for the poor. Oats have an outside hull that is used to make medi- cine and cosmetic products. The hull must be removed for human consumption and other parts of the plant are used in product. Used as a natural exfo- liant with its rough texture the most popular benefit of oats is to help heal dry, itchy skin. Dermatologists sug- gest oat products for people suffering from sunburn, ec- zema, psoriasis and the itch for chicken pox. Also known to sooth and calm skin, you can find the benefits of oats in shampoos, moisturizers, cleansers, ex- foliating masks and cream. Look for the "Aveeno" line of products since oat is its prin- cipal ingredient. As for its health benefits -- known to reduce choles- terol and blood sugar levels that can lead to heart dis- ease, high cholesterol and diabetes. Oats can also con- trol appetite by causing a feeling of fullness. So hit the market or the drugstore to feel the benefits of oats. Buona giornata and God bless the United States of America! -- Mary N. DiZazzo-Trumbull Read prior weeks' "All That Zazz" columns at unvw.mary 4nails.com. Mary is a third- generation cosmetologist and a Massachusetts distributor of Kosmea brand rose hip oil products. She may be con- tacted at (978) 470-8183 or mary@mary4nails.com David Trumbull Appointed Member of the Exporters" Textile Advisory Committee i U.S. Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke has appointed David Trumbull, Vice President, In- ~ ternational Trade, and National Tex- tile Association as a member of the Exporters' Textile Advisory Committee (ETAC). The pri- :: mary purpose of the ETAC is to advise Deputy Assistant Secretary of Department of Com- Commerce Kim Glas welcomes merce officials on David Trumbull to advisory the identification of committee, and surmounting of barriers to the ex- pansion of textile exports, and on methods of encouraging textile firms to increase their exports and to participate in export expansion activities. This is accomplished during public meetings with Department officials. The ETAC is the only national advisory committee dedicated to advising Department of Commerce officials on methods of .t encouraging textile firms to increase their exports. In addition to his duties at the National Textile Association, Mr. Trumbull is a regular contributor to the Post-Gazette. POST-GAZETTE EAST BOSTON SATELLITE OFFICE iS NOW OPEN MARIE MATARESE 35 Bennington Street, East Boston 617.227.8929 MON. and TUES. 10:00 A.M. - 3.00 P.M. THURS. 11:00 A.M.- 2:00 P.M. ACCEPTING Advertisements I General Advertisements * Sales and Rentals Memorials * Legals ADVERTISING WILL MAKE A DIFFERENCE Haiti by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari It is hard to comprehend, couragement of Louis XIV, Faced with a rebellion by his two hundred thousand people dying as a result of a natu- ral disaster; upwards of two million people being made homeless as a result of an earthquake, yet this is what has happened to Haiti, an island nation close to us geo- graphically but worlds apart socially and economically. Recently it was asked why Haiti is the poorest country in the western hemisphere? What is it about Haiti that has led to the extreme poverty of that nation? The answer, in part, seems tied to its turbulent history briefly chronicled in this article. Haiti, an island that Chris- .topher Columbus named Hispaniola when he discov- ered it on his first voyage in 1492 and claimed it for Spain. The Spanish then built the New World's first settlement at La Navidad on Haiti's north coast. In 1697, under the Treaty of Ryswick, Spain officially ceded the western third of Hispaniola to France, which it named Saint-Domingue, (known as the Pearl of the Antilles) it would grow into one of the most lucrative colonies on earth. France formally claimed control of the western portion of the island of Hispaniola in 1670 and established the first permanent French settlement on the mainland of Hispaniola, Cap Francois (now Cap-Haitien). By that time, planters with the en- began growing tobacco, in- digo, cotton, and cacao on the fertile northern plain, thus prompting the importation of African slaves near the end of the 18th century, some 500,000 people mainly of west African origin, were enslaved by the French. The period of 1791 through 1803 was the time of the slave rebellion, a protracted 13-year war of liberation against St. Domingue's colo- nists and later, Napoleon's army assisted by Spanish and British forces. The slave armies were commanded by General Toussaint Louver- ture who was eventually be- trayed by his officers Jean- Jacques Dessalines and Henri Christophe The Battle of Verti6res marks the ulti- mate victory of the former slaves over the French. It Was on January I, 1804 that the world's oldest black republic and the western hemisphere's second Re- public after the United States was declared by Gen- eral Jean-Jacques Des-sa- lines. Haiti, or Ayiti in Cre- ole, is the name given the land from its original inhab- itants, the former Taino- Arawak peoples, meaning "mountainous country." In two years Emperor Jean- Jacques Dessalines is as- sassinated. Civil war then racks the country, which di- vides into the northern king- dom of Henri Christophe and the southern republic gov- erned by Alexandre P6tion. own army, Christophe com- mits suicide, paving the way for General Jean-Pierre Boyer to reunify the country and become President of the entire republic in 1820 France recognized Haitian independence in 1838 in exchange for a financial in- demnity of 150 million francs which was later re- duced to 90 million. Over the next few decades Haiti is forced to take out high inter- est loans of 70 million francs to repay the indemnity and gain international recogni- tion. The debt was not repaid in full until 1947. D~ring the period between 1843 and 1915, 22 heads of state are removed from of- rice. In 1915, President Guil- laume is assassinated and the Americans occupy the country. They remained for 19 years. In 1957, Francois Duva- lier, a doctor and union leader, was elected presi- dent. Duvalier, also known as 'Papa Doc', terrorized the country, rooting out any and all opponents to his admin- istration. Duvalier changed the constitution so that he could be elected president for life. In 1971, Duvalier died and was succeeded by his son Jean Claude, age 19 (also known as 'Baby Doc'). By that time Haiti is the poorest country in the western hemisphere (and remains so to this day. The Duvalier re- (Continued on Page 13) IAJC Boston University and the Consulate General of Italy in Boston in collaboration with: Italian Cultural Institute New York American Jewish Committee Consulate General o[ lsrael to New England Proudly present A Commemoration of Italian Holocaust Remembrance Day "JEWISH LIFE IN ITALY AND THE NEED TO REMEMBER" Presentations by renowned experts on Jewish Life and on Holocaust cinema in Italy, followed by a screening of the critically acclaimed feature film The Sky is Felling, starring Isabella Rosseliini, and concluding with a discussion with the audience P_r_ggram 12:00 PM: 12:30 PM: 1:15 PM: 2:00 PM: 2:30 PM: 4:30-5:30 PM: Sunday, January 31, 2010 - 12:00 PM Boston University, George Sherman Union Conference Auditorium, 2nd floor 775 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 Introductions "Images and Identity: 2,000 Years of Italian ]ewish Life." Presentation by Prof. Risa Sodi, Yale University "Italian Holocaust Cinema: The Difficult Necessity of Memory" Presentation by Prof. Millicent Marcus, Yale University Refreshments Film, "The Sky is Falling" {I1 cielo cade), by Andrea & Antonio Frazzi, Introduction by Prof. Nancy Harrowitz, Boston University Round table discussion with Profs. Marcus, Sodi, and Harrowitz The program is co-sponsored by the Boston University ]ewish Cultural Endowment and the Boston University Interdisciplinary Italian Studies Program The event is free and open to the public Please R.S.EP. culturale.bostont~esteri.it