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January 29, 2016     Post-Gazette
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January 29, 2016

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PAGE 2 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 29, 2016 by Prof. Edmund TurieUo A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry .... our lineage.., our roots. Facade of Reims THE GOTHIC SYSTEM Cathedral, France Gothic architecture was born A few fast explanations are in during the 12th century civiliza- order at this time. Arches and tion of Fran~ce. It evolved from Vaults are in the same family. the Romane,,sque-style, of which A true arch or vault exerts a it Was a natural outgrowth. The sidewise push called a thrust. style is semi-technically defined When sitting in a church fac- as a system of vaults, supports, ing the altar, the openings on and buttresses, strong enough either side which are spanned to bear the crushing weightby arch-type construction are of the roof. The stability of properly called arches. Arch the structulre was maintained construction which spans from chiefly by an equilibrium of the left side over the right side counterthrutsts, is called a vault. Vaults may run straight across or they may run diagonally. Diagonal vaulting that divides a ceiling into four parts is called "quadripartite" vaulting, and if the division is in six parts, it is called "sex- partite vaulting." If I support a wall by standing tight against it, I am buttressing the wall. If I stand away from the wall and push against it with my. e~rm extended; then my arm beSomes a flying buttress../~'- The 13th ...~rltury in France was an age of religious enthusi- asm. It brought about the con- struction of about 80 cathedrals and 500 churches. A religious fervor swept the country as cit- ies competed with each other to build the largest and most lofty churches, while people gave money, labor or food. Gothic architecture in Europe is sometimes called "Christian Pointed Architecture." It started in the area known as the "Ille de France" and then spread throughout the rest of France and into England, Germany, Italy, and Spain. One of the problems that developed with the use of round arches and vaults was that those with vary- ing trajectories exerted vary- ing degrees of thrust. Pointed arches can be brought to any desired height without increas- ing the thrust, and this was a majdr factor in the development of the Gothic system. Three of the major charac- teristics of Gothic churches may now be listed as the em- ployment of: 1. pointed arches; 2. high vaulted ceilings; and 3. flying buttresses. NEXT ISSUE: Stained Glass Families, Elders A NOW for Fuel Assistance ABCD advises thosewho may need help to get thrOUgh this "winter to apply NOW so their eligibility can be determined and they can get into the fuel aid system. ABCD provides fuel assis- tance in Boston, Brookline, Newton and seven commu- nities north of Boston: Mal- den, Medford, Everett, Melrose, Stoneham, Winchester and CONSOLATO GENERALE D 'ITALIA BOSTON II Consolato Generale d'ltalia in Boston bandisce un concorso per I'assunzione di un impiegato nel settore $ervizi di autista-commesso-centralinista La data di scadenza per le presentazione delle domande il 14 febbraio 2016 Per maggiori informazioni si prega di visitare il sito web www. consboston, esteri, it nella sezione degli Avvisi Woburn. Last year, over 26,000 households received ABCD Fuel Assistance. Right now, the highest fuel assistance benefit for strug- gling families and seniors is $900. ABCD Fuel Assistance staff note that many custom- ers have used up their entire benefit, or will do so shortly as bitter winter weather rapidly consumes heating oil, gas and electricity. However, funds are still available for customers who have not yet applied this year. At the current benefit level, families at 100 percent of pov- erty- with a maximum income of $24,250 for a family of four or $11,770 for a person living alone -- will receive $900 in fuel assistance. Help is also available on a sliding scale for those slightly above poverty level in an attempt to keep those families and seniors from fall- ing through the cracks of the benefit system. For example, a family of four earning $63,704 or a single person with an in- come of $33,126 will receive $480. Larger families living at 200% of the poverty level may also qualify. For instance, a family of 12 earning $95,556 will receive $610 in fuel assis- tance. Applicants must submit (Continued on Pagel5) Steve Morabito Announces Candidacy for State Senate After more than 15 years of serving our Commonwealth, Senator Anthony Petruccelli has elected to resign his seat as State Senator. As someone who is a life- long resident of the First Suffolk & Middlesex District, I'd like to thank him for representing us with such dedication and distinction. He is a true public servant and his successor will have some large shoes to fill. I have the privilege of serving the citizens of Revere as their City Councilor-at-Large and I am grateful that my colleagues recently elected me Vice President of that body. In the time I've been on the council, I have learned how integral the Commonwealth is in helping municipalities function and in addressing the problems that face us. Some issues like potholes and broken street lamps are easily solved, while others are unique to an individual area, such as sea walls which may become necessary should global warming eventually threatens our shorelines. Other issues are more regional, like the performance issues we're seeing within the MBTA or Massport's efforts to improve the quality of life for those who live near Logan Airport. However, there are other problems that are more systemic and permeate across nearly all cities and towns regardless of geographic location or demographic make-up. These are many of the issues that people are talking to me about. They are concerned with the opioid epidemic that has touched nearly all of us, especially in my hometown of Revere. While it is a national crisis, the threat of terrorism has people extremely frightened and it is the concern I hear about most. We must never forget the Boston Marathon bombing. A final concern that I often hear from people is the increase in gun violence in the communities within the district, and it is taking place in every area including places such as Beacon Hill. As is the norm in a Presidential election year, we hear a lot of rhetoric being thrown around between candidates. Unfortunately in this election, certain viewpoints are particularly harsh in tone and social impact. As someone who is the child of immigrants, I saw how hard my grandparents and my mother worked to create a good life in America. I see that same spirit in the many hard-working citizens of the senate district that may have been born elsewhere but now call America home. So, when I hear people demonize our fellow citizens simply because of where they were born, it offends me personally. The hard-working people of this country need someone who understands what it's like to work for a living. As soon as I was old enough to work, I did. I worked many years in retail at Johnnie's Foodmaster Supermarkets as a manager, a job that I loved because I got to interact with people and help them in any way that I could. It was that experience that made me want to become a city councilor. It was while working at Johnnie's Foodmaster Supermarkets that I pursued a college education at Salem State University, receiving a Bachelor's Degree in Business Management. Also, it was while working at Johnnie's that I found I really enjoyed helping others. I have continued to help. people in my community through my work on the City Council and I was very humbled to see that work rewarded when the people of Revere re-elected me this past fall. I am currently a realtor for Century 21 Nor.thshore. This position has helped me to gain understanding of the housing market and its implications for folks seeking to buy homes. Like at Johnnie's Foodmaster Supermarkets, I feel that this job also allows me to help people in reaching one of the most important decisions they make in a lifetime: the purchase of a home. Many of the issues that my constituents are talking to me about, some of which I've mentioned, cannot be solved through my work on the city council alone. However, I still want to help solve these problems not only for my friends and supporters in Revere, but for the good people of the Back Bay, Beacon Hill, Cambridge, Chinatown, East Boston, the North End, Winthrop and everywhere in between. I have been a tireless advocate for the people of Revere and I want to bring my energy and vigor to Beacon Hill to tackle not only the small problems that are easily fixed, but the larger ones that aren't easily fixed. I Said that whoever succeeds Senator Petruccelli has some large shoes to fill. I believe that I am that person, and pledge to build on what Senator Petruccelli has accomplished. I am therefore announcing my candidacy for State Senator for the First Suffolk & Middlesex district of Massachusetts. I will campaign in every neighborhood in the district and look forward to personally meeting the voters of the district to learn about their concerns and suggestions. Sincerely, Steven Morabito Candidate for State Senator