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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, JANUARY 31,2014 Stir00 by Prof. Edmund Turiello Nostra Aweeklyc-'oum'"highlig ngsom'--"e of the more nteresting aspects of our ancestry...our lineage.., our roots. This week we continue with our coverage of the Ciceronian period in the "Golden Age" of ancient Ro- man literati (men of letters), by offering the first of a three-part series on Cicero himself. .,Marcus Tullius Cicero, the gredtest- an orators was born at Arpin-'dm ".. (now Arpino in Frosinole Pro'c3 in 106 B.C. fn,r years before the birth of Julius Caesar and died a year or more after Caesar's murder. Cicero's father was deter- mined that his son would receive the best possible education and sent him to the foremost teachers of the day. In his younger years, Marcus displayed such ex- traordinary talent and prom- ise that his parents often visited the boy in school to observe him in action. In his early schooling he stud- ied oratory, literature, and philosophy. His secondary education was supervised by a celebrated lawyer and in this manner he gained a thorough knowledge of the legal and political system of Rome. During this period in his- tory, a military experience was considered necessary for any young Roman of rank, so Cicero seized this opportunity to serve under CICERO A mld-first century AD bust of Cicero in the Capitoline Museums, Rome. Pompeius, the father of the great General Pompey. After a tour in the army, he at- tempted to study more ad- vanced philosophy, but his attention and destiny were directed towards oratory. His powers of eloquence soon el- evated him to the highest level of celebrity as a civil magistrate. He even partici- pated in advanced study groups during his visits with some of the great Greek phi- losophers and rhetoricians. Cicero was thirty years of age when he returned to Rome. His mental powers were so greatly improved that he surpassed all of his competitors in public favor. Cicero was appointed Gov- ernor, and was sent to su- pervise the Sicilian corn harvest during the time of a severe shortage in Rome. He performed admirably, and returned with greater hon- ors than had ever before been heaped upon any Ro- man governor. He was a moderately wealthy person, however, good sense and good taste guided his conduct, and in this manner he avoided the resentful atti- tude of associates. Later, as a Consul, he crushed a con- spiracy headed by Lucius Catiline and was hailed as the deliverer and father of his country. It was also during this time in history that the "First Tri- umvirate" was formed. This Triumvirate was a coalition between Julius Caesar (chief magistrate at that time), Pompey (a great army general), and Crassus (a wealthy real estate dealer). Pompey had a falling out with Caesar and was killed by unknown assassins in Egypt. Crassus was put to death by the Parthians who poured hot gold down his throat, and Caesar lived to conquer Cappadocia of "Veni, vidi, vici" fame. This was also the time of Caesar's hanky-panky episodes with Cleopatra. NEXT ISSUE: Cicero Part II Ward 3 Democrats to Hold Caucus Saturday, February 22, 2014 Registered Democrats in Ward 3 of Boston will hold a caucus at the Nazzaro Com- munity Center, (30 North Bennet Street) on Saturday, February, 22, 2014 at 11:00 am to elect delegates to the 2014 Massachusetts Democratic Convention. Registration will begin at 10:30 am. The Convention will be held on Friday, June 13 th and Saturday, June 14 th at the DCU Center in Worces- ter. Democrats from across the Commonwealth will gather that day to endorse candidates for state wide office. The caucus is open to all registered Democrats in Ward 3. For caucus informa- tion please contact Ward Chairman Jason A. Aluia at WardThreeDem@gmail.com or call 617-447-4987. BOOKS YOU WONT FIND IN THE BIG BOX STORES Boston's biggest winter book sale is here Load up your cart on Saturday, Feb- ruary I st and carry off some great deals. The sale is held at the Copley Square branch of the Boston Public Library from 10:00-4:00 on the lower level of the McKim Building (Dartmouth Street entrance). Most books are $2/hardcovers, $1/paper- backs. Audiobooks, records, CDs and DVDs are also available. Celebrate Valen- tine's Day with half-price romance novelsl A special selection of premium books (first editions, signed copies, coffee table editions, etc.) are available at higher prices. INCOME TAX PREPARATION M.P. & Co. TAX & FINANCIAL SERVICES GRACE PREVITE MAGOON, EA | 617-569-0175 / | 146 Maverick Street, East Boston, MA 02128 | web site: www.mptaxfin.com e-mail: mptaxfin@aol.com / ESTABLISHED IN 1938 l CELEBRATING 76 YEARS IN BUSINESS _J Financial Services Professional Tax Consultant Personal & Business Year Round Service AND ... credit and debit cards are now accepted for your shopping convenience. The sale is sponsored by the City-Wide Friends of the Boston Public Library, a 501(c)3 non-profit affiliate of the BPL. All proceeds bene- fit the off-budget and pro- gramming needs of the BPL and its 25 neighborhood branches. For further information contact 617-859-2341. Like it on Facebook/citywide friendsbpl or visit the website by logging on to www.citywidefriendsbpl.org. ST. JUDE AND ST, ANTHONY NOVENA May the Sacred Heart of Jesus be adored, glorified, loved and preserved throughout the world now and for- ever. Sacred Heart of Jesus pray for us. St. Jude, worker of miracles, pray for us. St. Jude, help of the hopeless, pray for us. St. Anthony, most loving protector and wonder worker, pray for us. Say this prayer 9 times a day and by the 8th day your prayer will be answered. It has never been known to fail. Publication must be promised. My prayers have been answered. Favor received. V.F. Res Publica by David Trumbull "Government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem" B This past Tuesday, in his annual address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, President Barack Obama observed that: "Today, after four years of economic growth, corpo- rate profits and stock prices have rarely been higher and those at the top have never done better. But average wages have barely budged. Inequality has deepened. Upward mobility has stalled. The cold, hard fact is that even in the midst of recov- ery, too many Americans are working more than ever just to get by; let alone to get ahead. And too many still aren't working at all." As Fox News commentator Charles Krauthammer re- marked, "listening to that excerpt ... you would think that's the campaign speech of someone running against Barack Obama. Obama is indicting the four years, the five years he's been presi- dent. He said the rich have done well, everybody else has stalled, inequality has increased. Well, the four years, the five years are his years." No surprises here, the President's State of the Union speech, as most of his speeches, can be summed up in a phrase from Saturday Night Live -- "More cowbell." It was a clarion call to do more of the same that has giving us a jobless economic recovery. For a more constructive approach to solving the prob- lem of chronic unemploy- ment, underemployment and stalled wages, read these selected excerpts of Senator Mike Lee's (Republican, Utah) TEA Party response to the State of the Union Address. Ronald Regan, January 20, 1981 "In America, the test of any political movement is not what that movement is against, but what it is for. The founders made a point at Boston Harbor, but they made history in Philadel- phia's Independence Hall." "Today, Americans know in their hearts that some- thing is wrong. Much of what is wrong relates to the sense that the 'American Dream' is falling out of reach for far too many of us. We are fac- ing an inequality crisis -- one to which the President has paid lip-service, but seems uninterested in truly confronting or correcting." "But where does this new inequality come from? From government- every time it takes rights and opportuni- ties away from the American people and gives them in- stead to politicians, bureau- crats, and special interests." "Throughout the last five years, President Obama has promised an economy for the middle class; but all he's delivered is an economy for the middle-men." "All of these proposals within this new conserva- tive reform agenda, along with many more to come, mark the road to Philadel- phia. These principles and these policies" will work -- and will put Americans back to work. Not just by cut- ting big government, but by fixing broken govern- ment. Not just by making government smaller but by promoting bigger citizens, stronger families and more heroic communities. Our goal should be an America where everyone has a fair chance to pursue happiness -- arid find it. That's what it looks like when protest grows into reform." @00PINELLIS UNCTION FACILITY" Specializing in the art of celebration Wedding, Anniversary, Quinceafiera, Reunion, Birthday, Social and Corporate Events. Convenient location and valet parking makes Spinelli's East Boston the perfect location. We are dedicated to the highest level of service and professionalism to ensure the success of your special occasion. 280 Bennington Street, East Boston, MA Please Call 617-567-4499 spinellis.com WWW.BOSTONPOSTGAZETTE.COM