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February 28, 2014     Post-Gazette
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February 28, 2014

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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, FEBRUARY 28, 2014 Stir e by Prof. Edmund TurieUo Nostra Aweeklycolum'---"nnhighlightingsome of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage... . our roots. JULIUS CAESAR "De Bello Gallico" can probably be best translated as "From the Gallic Wars" and this expression is universally understood to identify the commentaries of Julius Caesar on those wars. They were campaigns which were conducted by Caesar from 58 B.C. to 51 B.C., and by which he conquered an area for Rome, approximately the size of France as we know it today. The commentaries seem to be a compilation of the dispatches which were sent by Caesar to the Senate at the end of each year of operations and these in turn were prepared from the information that he received from his staff officers. Critics have considered the liter- ary style of these dispatches to be simple, straightforward and unadorned, with occasional touches of rhetoric. Present day reports claim that the original dispatches were pre- The name "Caesar" probably was derived from ancient Roman legends. Some say it came directly from the word "Caedo" meaning that the first bearer of the name was cut from his mother by Caesarean operation. Others derive the name from "Caesaries" because the first Caesar was born with a full head of hair. Still others attach the name to "Caesius" as applied to the color of the skin and eyes. Caesar was the family name of Gaius Julius Caesar and after his death the title of Caesar was given to many succeeding emperors. However, the term "Twelve Caesars" seems to refer spe- cifically to Julius Caesar, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero, Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian. The first six Caesars, from sented in the form of note- Nicolas Coustou's Julius Julius to Nero constitute books with numbered pages Caesar. Commissioned in what is commonly known and that they were published 1696 for the Gardens of as the dulio-Claudian line. at a later date in eight short Versailles. books which average out to six or seven thousand words in each book. This is the literary work which is claimed to have given Caesar a _prominent position among the scholars in the Golden Age and also placed him among the world's greatest writers. Any attempt to report on the "commentar- ies of Caesar" at this time would be mean- ingless due to the lack of other background information on the Gallic Wars. I shall, instead, seize upon this opportunity to present an introduction to Julius Caesar in the next five weeks which should be inter- esting, even though it merely scratches the surface. I don't know any other way to do justice to the memory of the greatest Roman that the world has ever known. Readers must be reminded that Julius Caesar was a dictator but not an emperor; therefore, of the "Twelve Caesars" only eleven were emperors. It also might be of interest to note that in later years, the names Czar and Kaiser (absolute rulers) were derived from the Latin name Caesar. The Julio-Claudian line was foilowed by "The Flavian Emperors" who were Vespasian, Titus and Domitian. These are the emperors who were responsible for the construction of the "Flavian Amphitheater" which we now call the "Coliseum." The next three Caesars: Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian are part of a line of emperors which were called the "Antonines" or "The Good Emperors." NEXT ISSUE: Intrare Julius Caesar Res Publica by David Tntmbull Revere Says Yes! Suffolk Downs, 2002, with the chaplain to the jockeys. In three short months, on Saturday, June i st, live thoroughbred horse racing is scheduled to return to Suffolk Downs in East Boston. The grand old track, which next year will be 80 years old, has been in the news lately as part of the efforts to bring casino gambling to Massachusetts. I'm a fan of Suffolk Downs and I appreciate the number of jobs the track provides right here in the City of Boston. The proposal, accepted by a two-to-one margin by the voters of Revere this past Tuesday, presented by Mohegan Sun, promises the creation of over 4,000 new jobs as well as the preservation of 800 jobs at "The Track." I believe it is unfortunate that the voters of East Boston did not seize the opportunity to approve the plan. However should the Mohegan Sun/Suffolk Downs proposal become reality -- there are still other hurdles to clear -- East Boston and the surrounding areas will benefit from Revere's gamble that gaming, in the greater Boston area, will, on net, be good for our communities. Nearly everyone agrees that there can be a downside to gambling. We've all heard the stories of badly implemented casino schemes in some cities that, rather than bringing the promised jobs and tourists, end up blighting the area. Suffolk Downs, which for eight decades has been allowed to offer pari-mutuel betting, has demonstrated that they can handle responsibly the management of a gambling operation. INCOME TAX PREPARATION Financial Services | Professional Tax Consultant [ Personal & Business l Year Round Service 1 1 M.P. & Co. TAX & FINANCIAL SERVICES/ 1 GRACE PREVITE MAGOON, EA | 617-569-0175 / 146 Maverick Street, East Boston, MA 02128 l 1 web site: * e-mail: 1 1 ESTABLISHED IN 1938 1 CELEBRATING 76 YEARS IN BUSINESS I J Our representative will be available to: Accept payments. (Check or money order ony-no cash, p/ease) Process elderly or disabled persons discount forms. Arrange payment plans for delinquent accounts. Resolve billing or service complaints. Review water consumption data for your property. Explain BWSC customer programs. Need more information? Call the Community Services Department at 617-989-7000. Boston Water and Sewer Commission 980 Harrison Avenue- Boston, MA 02119 POST-GAZETTE EAST BOSTON SATELLITE OFFICE ,s NOW OPEN MARIE MATARESE 35 Bennington Street, East Boston 617.227.8929 TUES. 10:00 A.M. - 3.00 P.M. THURS. 11:00 A.M.- 2:00 P.M. ACCEPTING Advertisements General Advertisements * Sales and Rentals Memorials * Legals ADVERTISING WILL MAKE A DIFFERENCE