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March 12, 2010     Post-Gazette
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Page 6 POST-GAZETTE, MARCH 12, 2010 Basilica of Saint John Lateran by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari Many years ago we visited the Basilica of Saint John Lateran in Rome. We were aware of the fact that it is the cathedral of the diocese of Rome the official ecclesi- astical seat of the Bishop of Rome, the Pope. It was obvi- ous that the Basilica was very old but little else was obvious about this famous Basilica. We later discovered that it is the oldest of the four great "patriarchal" ba- silicas of Rome (churches at Rome ceremonially assigned to one of the Patriarchs) and ranks first among them. The site in ancient times was occupied by the palace of the Laterani family, a member of this family, P. Sextius Lateranus, was the first commoner to attain the rank of consul. The palace came eventually into the hands of Constantine, the first Christian Emperor. Constantine must have given it to the Church not later than about 311, for we find a council against the Donatist Schism meeting within its walls as early as 313. From that time onwards it was always the centre of Christian life within the city; the residence of the popes and the cathedral of Rome and continued so for about a thousand years. Though it still remains the cathedral of Rome, it is no longer the residence of the popes. As a result of many dona- tions from the popes and other benefactors to the ba- silica its splendor at an early period was such that it be- came known as the "Basilica / Aurea", or Golden Church. This splendor drew upon it the attack of the Vandals, who stripped it of all its trea- sures. Pope St. Leo the Great restored it about 460, and it was again restored by Pope Hadrian I, but in 896 it was almost totally destroyed by an earthquake, a new build- ing of the same dimensions as the old was erected. In the tenth century Sergius III restored it after a disastrous fire, and later on it was greatly embellished by Pope Innocent Ill. This was the period of its greatest mag- nificence, when Dante speaks of it as beyond all human achievement. The deterioration of the basilica, and adjoining pal- ace was the result of the departure of the popes from Rome during the Avignon period, when the popes re- turned to Rome from their long absence at Avignon they found the basilica and the adjoining palace almost in ruins. Two destructive fires, in 1307 and 1361 re- spectively, did irreparable harm. Great works were begun at the Lateran by Martin V and his succes- sors. The palace, however, was never again used as the Pope's residence, the Vatican, which stands in a much drier and healthier position, being chosen in its place. It was not until the latter part of the seven- teenth century that the church took its present appearance, The Scala Sancta (Holy Stairs), located in the Lateran Basilica, wooden steps that encase white marble steps, are, according to "tradition, the staircase leading once to the praeto- rium of Pilate at Jerusalem, hence sanctified by the foot- steps of Jesus Christ during His Passion. The marble stairs are visible through openings in the wooden ris- ers. Their transport from Jerusalem to the complex of palaces that became the an- cient seat of popes in the fourth century is credited to Saint Helena, mother of the Emperor Constantine I. In 1589, Pope Sixtus V re- located the steps to their present location in front of the ancient palatine chapel Of the Lateran Basilica Pope Innocent X commis- sioned the present structure in 1646. One of Rome's most imposing churches, the Lateran's towering facade is crowned with 15 colos- sal statues of Christ, John the Baptist, John the Evan- gelist and 12 doctors of the Church. Beneath its high altar rest the remains of the small wooden table on which tradition holds St. Peter him- self celebrated Mass. STYLISH NEW HOMES IN A GREAT NEIGHBORHOOD Twenty at Luma 20 New Eco - Friendly Homes for Sale ! $135,000 & $150,000 Homes are located on Eustis, Dudley and Adam St. in Roxbury Energy efficient LEED Silver Certifiable homes. Photovoltaic power systems will reduce energy costs for most homes! (15) Three bedroom 2 -story duplex town homes w/~ 1,350 sq. ft of living space for $150,000 (5) Two bedroom 2 -story duplex town homes w/~ 1,150 sq. ft of living space for $135,000 These units are high quality, energy efficient homes conveniently located close to public transportation, schools and shopping. Lottery Application Deadline April 2, 2010 To learn mo about these homes: Call The Boston Home Center at (617) 63S-HOME (4663) Visit us on the web at: www.bostonhome(enterom or Visit the development website at: www.Luma20com Thomas M. Menino, Mayor  City of Boston . Evellm Friedman, Chief and Director Department of Neighborhood of Development ALL THAT ZAZZ by Mary N. DiZazzo . Shake Off Winter Blues With LUSH Ciao bella, It's that wonderful time of the year again when you know winter is going, going, GONE! That fresh smell of spring is in the air and you can feel a delicious breeze across your face. So time to brighten your mood and moisturize that winter burdened, envi- ronment rattled skin into some soft, dewy LUSHness! Start with: COCO LOTION -- inspired by the Caribbean. Its soft scent of oils and herbs include mandarin, rosemary and pineapple. This protein rich moisturizer naturally bal- ances skin's PH and will leave your skin soft and smooth. The extra virgin coconut oil used in COCO LOTION comes from NIAS, a small Indonesian island badly stricken by the tsunami. LUSH supports these communities and has helped them restore their island and even built a NEW kids club for local children. KING OF SKIN -- this is red carpet Worthiness! A solid crown-shaped body butter that will leave your skin deli- ciously scented, smooth and shiny. With skin softening oatmeal, jojoba and almond oils, organic bananas are whipped up with extra virgin coconut oii and cocoa and shea butters -- ahhhh -- silky and fit for a king. SYMPATHY FOR THE SKIN -- for really dry, neglected with that alligator skin feel ... SYMPATHY is for you. Packed with skin softeners and vitamin C and scented with vanilla bean so you will subtly smell of creamy vanilla cream custardI So give yourself gloriously touchable skin once again Retro LUSH presents once again -- HAPPY 4 SAD -- put some sunshine in your shower! This Ultra Violet, citrus gel will surround you with sunshine and brighten a gloomy day. Made with Fresh Dove Orchid Infusion, aloe vera gel, grapefruit oil, and fine sea salt -- sunshine for body and hair in a bottle. Find your nearest LUSH location and for more informa- tion www.lushtown.com. "Old Italian Tradition says: clip a snip of your hair in March and it will grow in healthy and strong. NOTE: Correction: www.indulgedayspaboston.com is where you'll find a comforting oasis in the heart of Southie, owned by ANNE MARIE IANNELLI. Buona giornata and God bless the United States of America! -- Mary N. DiZazzo-Trumbull Read prior weeks' "All That Zazz" columns at wmm.mary 4nails.com. Mary is a third-generation cosmetologist and a Massachusetts distributor of Kosmea brand rose h/p o/I products. She may be contacted at (978) 470-8183 or mary@mary4nails.com. Spring Leaf and Yard Waste Collection The City of Boston Public Works Department Spring Yard Waste collection will begin Monday, April 26, and will continue until, Friday May 28, 2010. Yard waste will be collected on your recycling day. Place your leaves, grass, weeds and other yard waste curbside in large paper compostable leaf bags or open barrels. DO NOT PLACE YARD WASTE IN PLASTIC BAGS. Tie brush with string. Brush should be kept to a maximum length of 3" with a 1" maximum diameter. Please do not put brush in barrels. Put barrels, bags and brush on curb by 7 a.m. on your recycling day. Note: Yard waste will not be collected two weeks prior to the spring collection (April 12 thru April 23, 2010). Please hold on to your leaves and yard waste until collection begins the week of April 26. NO MORE SATURDAY COLLECTIONS. For more information please call (617) 635-7573. POST-GAZETTE EAST BOSTON SATELLITE OFFICE is NOW OPEN MARIE MATARESE 35 Bennington Street, East Boston 617.227.8929 MON. and TUES. 10:00 A.M. - 3.00 P.M: THURS. 11:00 A.M.- :)0 P.M. I General Advertisements * Sales and Rentals m l Memorials * Legals I ADVERTISING WILL MAKE A DIFFERENCE