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March 16, 2012     Post-Gazette
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March 16, 2012

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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, MARCH 16, 2012 THE GLAD RAGS OF OLD Don't ever feel sorry for the typical lady of the "olden golden" days of ancient Rome. She might not have had all of our modern conve- niences, but there usually were slaves to perform all of the household chores, and she didn't have to lift a fin- ger, except to have it mani- cured. She was also ad- equately provided for in her wearing apparel, except that her garments differed in some important ways from ours of today. The same piece of material could be used to make a garment, a blanket, or even a shroud, and women's dress was so similar to men's that wives often wore their husband's cloak out of doors. Little or no alteration was required in the clothing that was worn by both sexes, all that was needed was an extra fold here, and a deeper tuck there, and fashion's needs were served. Our Roman lady had many kinds of wearing apparel. For dillydallying around the domus she had garments called the "tunica," the "stola," and the "palla." She was a cutey in her "cubiculum" (bedroom), the only place she permitted herself to be seen in her "tunica interior" and her "strophium," but yet she flitted around the Forum in her "birrus," her "cyclas," or her "pallium." It is true that she was hardly a figure of femininity when she wore her "flammeum," but she was certainly a sexy signora whenever she wore her "COd vestis." The stola was the matron's dress of honor, and disgraced wives were forbidden to wear it. It was a long garment that reached from the neck down to the ankles, and had an ornamental ruffle or flounce sewn at the bottom. When properly worn, the stola was gathered into folds under the breast, and the feet were half covered by the flounce. The palla was a lorig robe that was used as an outer garment. It was usually worn out of doors over the stola and was made from a rectangular piece of mate- rial that was draped accord- ing to one's individual taste. Part of the palla was often worn over the shoulders, then under and over the arms in the same manner in which the men wore their togas. Those women who ROME were not permitted to wear the stola usually wore their palla over tunica. The tunica interior was a light sleeveless undergar- ment like the slip of today and, as a positive sign that she was far from the liber- ated woman ... our signora also wore a strophium, the Roman version of a bra. The birrus was a hooded cloak or cape that was re- served for use in bad weather. It was a hardy, coarse garment that was made from wool or beaver with a long nap. The cyclas, however, was a luxurious robe that was circular in form, and was made from a kind of muslin. It often had a border of gold inlay, and this made the robe so expensive that one emperor passed a law limiting the amount of gold that could be used on it, and permitted only one cyclas per woman. The pallium was a large rectangular section of cloth made from wool and used as a covering, such as a pall. It sometimes doubled as a cov- erlet for a bed. The pallium was a favorite garment of (Continued on Page 13) Remember Easter Revere Beach? by Sal Giarratani and no relish. Maybe, a little ketchup! Of course, you could always get a pepper and egg sub too but a tuna dog was a must. Once I remember going out to dinner back in my younger days with friends on a Friday night. I was looking at haddock but one friend ordered a super deluxe lobster. Somehow when I thought of meatless Fridays, I never thought of a good lobster which most Back in the day, I remember waiting for Easter Sunday because that was when the Revere Beach amusements all opened for the season. It was the official ending of winter no matter how early Easter might arrive. I remember going to the beach on Fridays back when meat was off the menu. One of the hot dog stands catered to Catholics and sold a great fish dog every Friday. No mustard often is better than steak or pork chops. I always thought we were supposed to be sacrificing good tasting meat for something less tasteful but lobster seemed like not much of a sacrifice. It is sort of like giving up a Lincoln for a Caddy or vice versa. However, getting back to the rides! A buck or two could kill a day on the rides and there were very few sickos out there lurking in the shadows or so we thought. Life was good. Life was inexpersive. Life seemed so safe. Fifty years ago in 1962, the world seemed so much saner than it is today. More families were together. More kids graduating from school. More people working. More hope for the future. Pat Boone was singing April love. John Wayne was at the Alamo. I was turning 14 years old and getting ready to graduate from St. Francis de Sales School in Roxbury. This was a summer of Dodgems to ride and cotton candy to eat. Here For information about advertising in the Post-Gazette, call 617-227-8929. Res Publica by David TrumbuU President Obama's HHS Mandate Sparks Nationwide Demonstrations FRI The controversy over President Obama's HHS Mandate is now pouring out onto the streets. On March 23, concerned citizens in over 100 cities will gather at federal buildings for a rally with the theme "Stand Up for Religious Free- dom -- Stop the HHS Mandate!" The rallies are scheduled from noon to 3:00 p.m. and in Boston it will be at the J.F.K Federal Building in Govern- ment Center. Rallies will also be held in New Hampshire, at the federal building in Concord, and in Rhode Island, at the federal district court in Providence. Thousands of Americans of all faiths are expected to par- ticipate in these rallies to oppose the new mandate from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that requires all employers provide free contraceptives, steril- ization and abortion-inducing drugs through their health plans. Religious leaders and other public figures will speak out against the HHS Mandate. The HHS provided a "religious exemption" so narrow that it would exclude Catholic hospitals, universities and chari- ties, forcing these institutions to act in direct opposition to Catholic teaching through the health care plans they pro- vide. The Catholic bishops are supported by organizations rep- resenting the Jewish faith, as well as Protestant, Angli- can, and Orthodox Christian bodies, in opposing this Obama Administration violation of the First Amendment right to freedom of religion. In addition, seven states -- Florida, Michigan, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Texas -- are suing the Obama Administration to stop this violation of basic human rights. "With the HHS Mandate, the Obama administration has presumed upon itself the authority to decide what counts as a religious institution in this country," said Eric Scheidler, executive director of the Pro-Life Action League. "This is an unprecedented attack on the free exercise of religious faith protected by the First Amendment." "The Obama mandate is a complete affront to religious liberty," said Monica Miller, director of Citizens for a Pro- Life Society. "Persons of faith or no faith at all should be alarmed at Obama's riding rough-shod over the conscience of American citizens. We are calling on all people of good will to rise up and vigorously oppose this ruling." More information is available at the website http:// standupfrreligiusfreedm'cm/" There you will find infor- mation on rallies on other cities. On Friday, March 23 rd, join Liberty activists of all faiths -- and no faith -- as we demonstrate FOR RELIGIOUS FREE- DOM and against the HHS contraception mandate. INCOME TAX PREPARATION Financial Services Professional Tax Consultant Personal & Business Year Round Service M.P. & Co. TAX & FINANCIAL SERVICES GRACE PREVITE MAGOON, EA 617-569-0175 146 Maverick Street, East Boston, MA 02128 ESTABLISHED IN 1938 e-mail: WWW.BOSTON POSTGAZETTE.COM