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Page2 'POST-GAZEq'TE, fIIARCR 23, 20T'J2 R Publica by David TrumbuU What Ails the Republican Party "Gentlemen, what ails the administer this Republic. THE SAD RAGS OF OLD ROME Last week I asked that we not feel sorry for the typical lady of the "olden golden" days of old Rome. Then I described in detail, her nor- mal wardrobe. Some alterna- tives were available to the Roman men but the selec- tion was greatly restricted. They wore an "alicula" which was a short cloak that only came down to the elbows. It was usually worn by young boys and it derived its name from the resemblance of the garment to wings. There was also the "abolla," a knee length cloak made from coarse material which was worn indiscriminately as an outer garment by all classes. It was made from a large oval shaped piece of material that was thrown over the left shoulder and arm like a side cape and it was secured by a clasp at the right shoulder. They wore trousers or pantaloons called "bracae," such as were worn by many nations. The name is syn- onymous with the Gallic term "brakes," the Scottish "breek," and the English "breeches." They were made of wool, linen, cotton, silk, and even leather. The "cucul- lus" was a cowl or cape-like garment with a hood that was designed to be pulled over the head in inclement weather, or thrown back over the shoulders. This cucullus was often wom by persons of distinction who did not wish to be recognized. Another interesting gar- ment was the "paludamen- tum" -- a short red cape that was worn by Roman gener- als over their armor. The wore it when they departed for war. During their return trip they changed into the toga, the garment of peace, before entering Rome. Later, the purple paludamentum was adopted by the emperors as a token of their imperial power. As this paludamen- tum was the cape of the Roman generals, so was the "sagnum" the cape of the Roman soldier. It was worn over their armor the same way that the generals wore their capes. The sagnum was a symbol of war as the toga was the symbol of peace. The "chlamys" was a long mantle whose origin is lost in antiquity. It was worn in a manner that was simi- lar to the shawl of today. Sketches taken from old coins, vases, or carvings show male dancers in a circle and wearing the chlamys. The "exomis" was a very common garment that was reserved for the summer months. It was a short sleeveless tunic that bared the right shoul- der, arm and breast (Tarzan style). It was often worn by persons who were engaged in a very active or laborious work such as slaves, farm- ers and huntsmen. The toga was the Roman counterpart to the conven- tional black morning coat of today. It was worn as the ceremonial dress on public occaaion8 aa an anccatral custom, and was a must for any respectable citizen. It was a garment worthy of the masters of the world, vividly expressive and flowing. The material was fine white wool and the togas of judges or magistrates had a very distinguishable purple bor- der. Foreigners and Roman exiles were forbidden to wear the toga. In pattern, it was formed of two large segments of a circle, with the straight edges together. The length was about three times the wearer's height and the width was about two thirds of the length. It was folded and pressed with special plaits so that when properly worn it was thrown over the left shoul- der, then brought around under the right arm, and again thrown over the left shoulder. The part across the chest was known as the "si- nus" or bosom, and it was usually deep enough to form a pocket for small articles. The emperor Claudius passed a law requiring the toga to be the mandatory garment for all magistrates. The em- peror Domitian required it to be worn in the theater, and Commodus made it a man- datory garment for the spec- tators in the amphitheater, The toga was a very ex- pensive garment to buy, was very uncomfortable to wear, and was so over complicated that great skill was required to keep it looking well. Constant attention and ad- justment was required while walking or in just about any kind of movement. It was also very heavy, and be- ing white required frequent laundering. People ~radually developed substitutes for the toga, such as a long tunic called the "synthesis." Finally the crafty Romans devised a way to dispose Of two prob- lems at one time when they ordered that the toga be worn only in the casket (Amen). NEXT ISSUE: Getting Clipped in Old Rome CONFERRING IN WASHINGTON Republican party is not the fact that it is in the minor- ity. It has been in the mi- nority before. What ails it is a certain sort of yielding to opportunism~ a yielding to that element within the party clamoring for liberal- ization, clamoring to the Republican party to throw away the birthright of con- servatism and enter the lists against the radical Demo- cratic party on the Demo- cratic party's side." The quotation above is from J. Fred Essax~y, Washington correspondent of the Balti- more Sun, speaking in Provi- dence, RI at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the National As- sociation of Cotton Manu- facturers, October 7, 1937. Mr. Essary continued: "No, I think the Republi7 can party could return to power if it would go back first to its old moorings, return to the old faith, become the champion, the unblushing defender of the great conser- vative thought in Ameri- can life. It may have to wait longer than 1940 for victory." Substitute "2012" for "1940" and Mr. Essary's remarks could be delivered today. Unfortunately, his call for a return to conservatism was rejected by party leaders. The result was four decades of Democratic party hege- mony with the Republican response to the prevailing liberalism being a faint, "me too." Will the Republican Party make the same mis- take again this year? Has it already? It's one of my pet theories that voters don't expect any candidate to agree with them on every issue. What they look for is someone who is competent and whom they trust and agree with on important issues. No doubt Romney's well qualified to Indeed, much of his "pitch" is based on his success in the investment world. But in selecting a President we are doing more than picking an investment fund manager. That leaves issues and character to distinguish the contenders. On issues (he's wrong about just about everything) and character (he's self-absorbed and petu- lant) the current occupant of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is deficient. But the Ameri- can people will not throw out a sitting President unless they have a pretty good idea that they will get someone better in his place. To the extent that there is a conservative "orthodoxy" (a strange concept given that it is part of the conser- vative temperament to re- ject the notion of ideological purity) Romney has carefully aligned himself with the views of the majority of Republican voters. He calcu- lated just how far to the left he needed to swing to get elected in liberal Massachu- setts, and he thinks he knows precisely how far to sway toward conservatives to get the GOP nomination. He invested his money in his campaign, sure that his per- fectly researched economet- ric model of voting patterns will pay off as a business in- vestment. But as Russell Kirk summed it up, borrow- ing a phrase from Edmund Burke, conservatives dis- trust "sophisters, calcula- tors, and economists," and rightly so. For a nation is too complex with too many inde- pendent actors to ever yield itself to so cold-blooded an approach. It's not enough for voters to agree with you, you need them to like and trust you. It is not clear that the machine-man that Romney has made himself into is very likeable. A number of folks from law enforcement, commu- nity leaders, clergy and folks from, faith-based organiza- tions traveled to Washing- ton, DC for a national get- together aimed at building partnerships between the police and faith leaders to end gang violence. Rev. Jef- frey Brown from (RECAP). Rebuilding Every City Around by Sal Giarratani Peace stated, "It is signifi- cant because it's not gov- ernment driven." RECAP hosted the two-day gather- ing. Brown is a co-founder of the Boston TenPoint Coali- tion in R0xbury. Brown also used as an example the re- sponse to the 2010 Mattapan massacre and how the Black Church and police agencies worked together. INCOME TAX PREPARATION * Financial Services Professional Tax Consultant Personal & Business Year Round Service M.P. & Co. TAX & FINANCIAL SERVICES GRACE PREVITE MAGOON, EA 617-569-0175 146 Maverick Street, East Boston, MA 02128 ESTABLISHED IN 1938 e-mail: gmagoon@aol.com It is time for more part- nering to take place and not just after terrible violence. The root cause of most of this chronic violence is the breakdown of the family structure. All the police in the world on the street and all the sermons from the pulpits of the community's churches can only make a fractional dent in fighting violence. As I keep repeat- ing, the community must come together and stand up together loud and clear that this violence will no longer be tolerated. It is time for parents to stand up together and become role models for children. It is time for the men of the community to regain their leadership role in the community. Neighborhoods that refuse to tolerate violence will see less violence. I am not blam- ing anyone in particular, all of us are responsible when communities break down and all of us together are the (Continued on Page 12) PINELLI'S Easter Brunch Featuring... Fluffy Scrambled Eggs ~ Eggs Benedict Crisp Bacon French Toast with Warm Maple Syrup Cheese Blintzes with Assorted Fruit Compotes and Sour Cream Fresh Cut Fruit Salad Yogurt Station Pasta Checca Oven Roasted Potatoes Chicken Limone Baked Boston Schrod Assortment of Fresh Baked Rolls Tossed and Caesar Salads Chilled Fruit ]uices and Coff Carving Station Roast Prime Rib Honey Baked Spiral Ham Spinelli's Famous Sweets for Dessert $33.95 er, u,t $15.95 (Price Excludes Tax and Gratuity) Sunday, April 24th Seating Times: 10:30, 11:45, 12:15, 1:30, 2:00, 3:30 ~ 4:00 Minimum Reservation 4 Guests Please For Non-Refundable Reservations Please Call 781-592-6400 ext 2 spinellis.com,. ;;. Spinelli's Function Facility ', Route One South Lynnfield, MA