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March 26, 2010     Post-Gazette
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Page2 POST-GAZETTE, MARCH 26, 2010 R Publica by David ~umbull "To Prevent those, Who are Vested with Authority, from Becoming Oppressors" THE ETRUSCANS THREE The three succeeding kings followed the death of Ancus Marcius were Etruscans, No explanation is given for this choice of Dynasty except that the powerful Romans had no greater leader in their own race at that time; con- sequently they supported Tarquinius Priscus, an Etruscan of Greek ancestry. He was young, ambitious, wealthy, and had come to make his home in Rome some years earlier. This Etruscan supremacy in Rome lasted for about one hundred years and probably no other period in its his- tory has ever been so mo- mentous or fruitful. The three rulers in this royal succession were Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, who ruled for thirty-eight years; his son-in-law, Servius Tallius, whose reign lasted forty years; and Lucius Tarquinius Supurbus who after twenty-five years of autocratic government, was expelled from Rome. Within this century of Etruscan domination (616 to 509 B.C.) the world was enriched with four great architectural and engineer- ing works. The first was a great temple to Jupiter (chief of all Roman gods) on the Capitoline Hill. A statue of Jupiter was seated on a gold and ivory throne in one chamber while another of his wife Juno, goddess of marriage, was shown stand- ing in a second chamber, and still a third statue depicting their daughter Minerva, god- dess of wisdom, stood in the third chamber. The second of the four great works was a temple to Diana, the god- dess of the moon, the hunt, and virginity (reminiscent of my high school dates). It was built on the Aventine Hill among the humble dwellings of the common people, as a center of worship for all Latin leagues. The third great work was the Servian Wall, named after Servius Tullius. It en- closed the seven hills and protected Rome for five hun- dred years. Hannibal, who had come all of the way from Africa, through Spain, France, and Switzerland, for the one purpose of entering Rome, took one look at it and turned away. The fourth great work was the under- ground system that drained the low ground and the marshes, and also ran off the flood waters to the Tiber. Twenty five hundred years later, this system called the Cloacae is still perform- ing its intended function and serving the needs of a city that has expanded far beyond the comprehension of its designers. In addition to all of this, history attributes to this short dynasty the complete civil, political, and military organization of the city. It included a form of coinage, a system of weights and measures, a basic or com- mon form of writing, a civil administration, a military force, a form of taxation, and the establishment of politi- cal rights for the people. During the rule of Lucious Tarquinius Priscus, he put to death some of the lead- ing senators, tried many criminal cases himself, and often resorted to excessive- ly harsh penalties. He en- tered or broke off war, peace, treaties, and alliances to suit himself without con- sulting the people or the Senate. One after another, his own people were being made to suffer death, exile, or confiscation. His expul- sion in 510 B.C. brought an end to the Regal Period of ancient Rome. NEXT WEEK: Carcer DONATIONS HELP VETERANS In order to prevent those, who are vested with authority, from becoming oppressors, the people have a right, at such periods and in such manner as they shall establish by their frame of government, to cause their public officers to return to private life; and to fill up vacant places by certain and regular elections and appointments. -- Massachusetts Constitution Part One Article Eight Massachusetts Republican Party Chairman Jennifer Nassour released the follow- ing statement on Monday morning following the Sun- day night U.S. House of Rep- resentatives Health Care vote: "With last night's passage of a $2.5 trillion health care package, Americans are waking up this morning and realizing that Washington is not listening to them. Demo- crats have passed a health care bill that saddles us with debt, raises taxes, in- crease premiums, and cuts Medicare by $500 billion." Those in the Massachusetts delegation who voted for this bill have yet to articulate how it will help the citizens of the Commonwealth. Our small business community, which is already substan- tially weakened by a harm- ful sales tax increase, will be burdened with new taxes and regulations. Republicans support a bi- partisan effort that does not result in a one-size-fits-all approach to health care re- form. After all, major re- forms deserve a bipartisan process; health care reform passed in Massachusetts in 2006 by a 200-member leg- islature with only two dis- senting votes. This is not the end of the debate. The people of Massachusetts have an op- portunity to undo the dam- age that's: been done and vote Republican in Novem- ber of 2010." David Trumbull is the chairman of the Boston Ward Three Republican Committee. Boston's Ward Three includes Here in Massaehusetts. tb~" North End. West End. part i i I I we will be su~)s,~lzing a of Deacon Hill, down~own, national plan and picking up waterfront, Chinatown, and the costs for other states, part of the South End. CESCO/Pipefitters Local 537 Donate Labor for Cox Engineering Service Company and Pipefitters Local 537 donated their time on Saturday, March 20th to ensure that the veterans needs are continually met with a new hot water system at the Soldiers' Home in Chelsea. The Soldiers' Home exist- ing heat exchanger hasn't been working properly and provides hot water to veter- ans for showers and laundry. BAFFO, Certified Public Accountant INCOME TAX PREPARATION Individuals Businesses John G. Baffo, CPA Lewis Wharf, Bay 217, Boston, MA 02110 Tel.: 617.248.9500 Fax: 617.248.9511 E-maih jb@jgbaffo.com Serving the Italian Community Hot Water System The current economic chal- lenges made it difficult for the Soldiers' Home to make the repairs so Kirschner As- sociates in Middleboro do- nated the equipment and CESC0 and Pipefitters Local 537 are donating about $10,000 in labor. Bill Mahoney of CESCO says, "We recognize the importance of helping our veterans and providing heat and hot water is a priority. This is just the right thing to do for our veterans." CESCO is one of the service providers of the HVAC sys- tems at the complex. Dan Watts, Business Man- ager of Pipefitters Local 537 says, "This is just one ex- ample of how we support our veterans and community. Many of our members are veterans and it is just a small way we can give back for the sacrifices our veter- ans have made for us." Robert Maniatis, Opera- tions Manager of the Sol- diers' Home in Chelsea says," We are thankful for the generosity of CESCO and Pipefitters Local 537 for donating their time to install the hot water system to help the veterans." Italian speaking man available to care for / elderly Italian man/woman - housework/ |- cooking - errands - companionship./ I Perfect for senior who would like to/ / remain at home. Call: 617-569-9864 ] LAW OFFICES OF FRANK J. CL, ',,TO GENERAL PRACTICE OF LAW DIVORCE * WILLS * ESTATE PLANNING * TRUSTS CRIMINAL * PERSONAL INJURY WORKERSCOMP. 617-354-9400 Si Paris Italiano 230 MSGtL O'BRIEN HIGHWAY CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02141 AFFORDABLE SENIOR HOUSING Constitution Cooperative Apartments, where residents have a voice in the management of their building, is currently accepting applications for studio and one bedroom apartments. Located in the heart of City Square in Charlestown, this active senior housing co-op is within walking distance to shopping, banks, churches and is on an MBTA bus line. Rent is based on 30% of income (income limits apply) to qualified seniors 62 and older and to younger persons who are mobility impaired requiring the special design features of accessible units. Call 1-800-225-3151 for leasing information. EQUAL HOUSING OPPORTUNITY i