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March 30, 2012     Post-Gazette
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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, MARCH 30, 2012 Stirpe by Prof. Edmund Turiello Nostra of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. GETTING CLIPPED IN OLD A barber may be defined as a person who engages in the occupation of cutting and dressing the hair, and shav- ing or trimming beards. The name barber is derived from the Latin "barba", meaning beard. The occupation goes back in antiquity to at least 600 B.C. The Old Testament mentions Ezekiel, who used a razor to cut off his hair and scatter it to the winds. It was not the cutting of the hair, but the use of a razor that indicated a form of barbering that possibly existed. Our barbers of today are often referred to as tonsorial artists. The Latin words "tonsor" or "tonsoris" refer to barber or shearer. "Tonstrix" is a female barber or hair- dresser and "tonstrina" is the barber shop. Barbering was first practiced in Rome about 300 to 250 B.C. The Roman tonsor cut and dressed the hair, trimmed beards, cut fingernails, and tweezed unwanted hair that wasn't cut or was in places that couldn't be cut. The real Roman dandy ac- tually entrusted the trim- ming of the beard and style of the hair to his tonsor. There was a period in Ro- man history when the bar- ber was almost a tyrant. The hair was cut and styled his way or not at all. The wealthy families were able to afford the services of a tonsor as part of their household staff and were attended once or twice in the course of a day. The majority, who were not able to afford the luxury of a private barber, were forced to patronize one of the many tonstrina in the city. There were also those bar- bers for the poorer classes, who placed their barber Chairs or stools out on the sidewalk each morning and did their clipping in the open. From its very beginning the tonstrina became a club, in- formation center, gossip shop, and a rendezvous for a job interviews by employers. The popularity of the barber shop was a barometer of their income, and most bar- bers became very wealthy. The usual tonstrina had benches for the waiting cus- tomers and mirrors on the walls. The victim of the mo- ment sat on a stool in the ROME center of the shop. His cloth- ing was protected by one of many kinds of coverings, like a towel or "sudarium", or a front cover "involucrum" made of linen or fine cotton. His majesty, the tonsor, would perform the actual grooming or shaving while one or two of his assistants would stand around and pass the various "tools of the trade". National attitudes toward hairdressing were much the same as today. There were those who preferred to mass their hair artistically like Nero, or those who never permitted more than a few brief moments to hair grooming like Augustus. Haircuts were performed with iron scissors that never knew a common pivot, and of course, this made steps inevitable and a comb very desirable. Curling and dye- ing the hair was also com- mon practice during those times. Than k goodness that the men of today do not in- dulge themselves in such vanity. NEXT WEEK: The Close Shave In Old Rome Health Reform Provides More Than 45 Million Women, Access to Preventive Health Care Services Millions More See Lower Prescription Drug Costs, Stand to Gain Under the Affordable Care Act, 45.1 million women- including 20.4 million women with private health insurance and 24.7 million women with Medicare -- can receive recommended pre- ventive services with no cost-sharing, new data re- leased by Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius. More than one million young adult women have al- ready gained health insur- ance coverage because of the law and 13 million more women will gain coverage by 2016. Without the health care law, these women would remain uninsured. The data highlighted in an issue brief by the HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation show that Affordable Care Act provisions are already improving women's health by making recommended preventive care services more accessible and in- creasing access to health insurance coverage. "From increased health coverage to free preventive services and lower prescrip- tion drug costs, our mothers, grandmothers, daughters, friends and neighbors are already benefiting from this law and will continue to in the months and years to come," said Secretary Sebelius. Most women with private insurance do not have to pay for such important preventive health services under health reform; mam- mograms, cervical cancer screenings, prenatal care, flu shots and regular well- baby and well-child visits will be covered at no cost. Begin- ning in August of this year, many health plans must INCOME TAX PREPARATION Financial Services Professional Tax Consultant Personal & Business Year Round Service M.P. & Co. TAX & FINANCIAL SERVICES GRACE PREVITE MAGOON, EA 617-569-0175 146 Maverick Street, East Boston, MA 02128 ESTABLISHED IN 1938 e-mail: gmagoon@aol.com Health Insurance Coverage also cover, with no cost- sharing, recommended pre- ventive services, such as well-woman visits, domestic violence screening, and breastfeeding supplies. An estimated 8.7 million more women who buy cover- age in the individual market will gain maternity benefits, beginning 2014, as a result of the health care law's requirement for health in- surance plans in that mar- ket to cover essential health benefits. Additionally, the ASPE is- sue brief notes that more than two million women in Medicare have saved $1.2 billion on the cost of pre- scription drugs in the "donut hole" coverage gap. The Affordable Care Act helps seniors and people with dis- abilities who have Medicare pay less for their prescription drugs in the donut hole, which by 2020, the will be closed. For more information about this topic, see the ASPE Research Brief at http: / / aspe. hhs.gov / health/ reports / 2012 / A CA & Women/ rb. shtml. For more information about the Affordable Care Act and its impact on you, see http: / / www.healthcare.gov /, Res Publica. by David TrumbuU Repugnant to the Constitution and Void Last Friday, March 23 rd, over 50,000 concerned citizens gathered at public rallies in over 100 American cities to Stand Up For Religious Freedom. The Boston rally was well attended, in spite of change of location to the Boston Common less than 48 hours prior to the rally and an erroneous rumor that it was being cancelled entirely. For me the highlight of the Boston rally was C.J. Doyle, Executive Director of the Catholic Action League of Massachusetts (www.catholicactionleague.org), addressing the substantial arguments against the constitutionality of the Obama Administration's Department of Health and Human Services mandate that religiously affiliated hospitals and other institutions purchase products and services they find morally impermissible. Mr. Doyle spoke of an earlier state attack on freedom of religion and how the United States Supreme Court ruled, unanimously, that such attacks against Church-related institutions were "repugnant to the Constitution and void." In 1922 the Ku Klux Klan in the state of Oregon pushed for passage, by popular initiative, of a law to ban private schools and to require all children to attend State schools. When Republican governor Benjamin W. Olcott issued a 1922 executive proclamation condemning the Klan that violent organization put its support behind the election of a new governor, Democrat Walter M. Pierce, who supported the anti-Catholic school ballot initiative. The Klan celebrated two victories in the November 1922 elections in Oregon, the anti-Catholic bigot, Democrat Pierce; defeated Republican Olcott for governor, and the voters enacted the anti-Catholic school law. The Society of Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary sued to stop enforcement of the law and the case went, in 1925, to the U.S. Supreme Court where the law was held unconstitutional under the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The court declared: "The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the State to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is not the mere creature of the State; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations." This past week the court heard arguments regarding the unconstitutional Obama health care law. Undoubtedly it, too, will be struck down in whole or in part. Featuring... Fluffy Scrambled Eggs & Eggs Benedict Crisp Bacon French Toast with Warm Maple Syrup Cheese Blintzes with Assorted Fruit Compotes and Sour Cream Fresh Cut Fruit Salad Yogurt Station Pasta Checca Oven Roasted Potatoes Chicken Limone Baked Boston Schrod Assortment of Fresh Baked Rolls Tossed and Caesar Salads Chilled Fruit ]uices and Coffee Carving Station Roast Prime Rib Honey Baked Spiral Ham Spinelli's Famous Sweets for Dessert $33.95 PerAdult $15.95 VerChild (Price Excludes Tax and Gratuity) Sunday, April 8th Seating Times: 10:30, 11:45, 12:15, 1:30, 2:00, 3:30  4:00 Minimum Reservation 4 Guests Please For Non-Refundable Reservations .%: Please Call "'uV '; ;, - ! 781-592-6400 ext 2 spinellis.com ,. ;; i'.' . . . . ./IY.... : ,, -- Spmelh s Functwn Facdtty "'  l" -_.9' Route One South Lynnfield, MA '.," i