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April 2, 2010     Post-Gazette
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April 2, 2010

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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, APRIL 2, 2010 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. In Latin "career" means prison, jail, or prisoner and is the origin of the En- glish word incarceration. "Capitalis" relates to laws af- fecting a man's life or civil status. Capital punishment can be simply defined as the death penalty. History is history, facts are facts, and we shouldn't be led to believe that all was peaches and cream during "those good old days." Evidence of man's inhumanity to man probably goes back to the very beginning of time. One early account tells of "Tullus Hostilius," the third of the legendary kings of Rome who seized the Alban leader, Mettius had him stretched between two four- horse chariots, and torn apart as the horses were driven in opposite directions. Such is the brutality that grew side by side with those ancients. The oldest prison in Rome is said to be the one called "Mamertine." which in time became two dungeons, one above the other. The upper one is the original Mamer- tine, and was named after CARCER its builder, Ancus Marcius. He was the fourth of the legendary kinds, supposedly a son of Mars who was also called Mamercus. The lower dungeon was constructed by the Etruscan king, Servius Tullius, from whom the name "Tullianum" is derived. These are said to be the oldest prisons in the world and are seen in mod- ern times in their original severe nakedness. They are underground, about sixteen feet by twenty feet in size, with stone walls and a primi- tive arched type ceiling also of stone. The only means of entrance was through a hole in the roof. Prisoners were tightly bound and lowered by ropes. Executioners descended by ladders, either to chain the prisoners to the walls, or to execute them in the lower chamber -- the Tullianum. Church legend tells us that St. Peter and St. Paul were imprisoned here during the time of Nero, and that a spring miraculously started to flow in order that St. Peter might baptize the other prisoners. "Cruciatus" or "cruciare" are the Latin expressions for torture, torment, or to put to the rack. "Crux" refers to the cross as an instrument of capital punishment dur- ing ancient times in east- ern countries. Darius, an early kind of Persia, boasted that he had crucified the leader of every rebellious group that had opposed him. Persons who had been ex- ecuted by other means were sometimes placed on a cross after death as an indication of dishonor upon the deed which caused their demise. Tarquinius Priscus, the first Etruscan King of Rome, re- sorted to this kind of dis- graceful display of deceased bodies in an attempt to stop the suicides of those per- sons who were driven to de- spair in forced labor camps. It is said that execution by crucifixion was very com- mon with the Carthaginians who were noted for the cru- elty of their methods, and through them it was intro- duced into Rome. NEXT ISSUE: The Roman Republic Parades are Fun Events Not Political Protests by Sal Giarratani As I read a recent news I thought the whole idea story on the Bay State smelled like a political Stonewall Democrats' St. protest rather than a party. Patrick's Day party at 28 I remember the nineties Degrees in the South End, when the US Supreme Court Warm Wishes to Everyone, for a Happy Easter Joe DeNucci State Auditor Commonwealth of Massachusetts Paid for by the A. Joseph DeNucci Committee Jtappy aster State Senator Happy Easter {Tom AARON STATE REPRESENTATIVE - DISTRICT 3 upheld the St. Patrick's Day/ Evacuation Day Parade Com- mittee the right to organize the parade without running afoul of anti-discrimination laws. While I would have allowed anyone to march in this pa- rade, it is and always has been the right of the parade committee to organize it the way they wish. Perhaps, if more people volunteered to do the hard work of put- ting this annual event to- gether the parade might be as inclusive as possible. However, according to the South End News story, the Ist Annual Pink and Green LGBT St. Patrick's Day Cel- ebration came about due to City Councilor Felix Arroyo and Representative Carl (Continued on Page 13) Jtappy aster East Boston Chamber of Commerce Helping local business to do business 296 Bennington Street East Boston, MA 02128 Tel. 617.569.5000 Fax 617.569.1945 E-maih EastBoston.Chamber @ Website: ii Publica by David Trumbull Will This Republican be Our Next ! Frank J. Addivinola, Jr. of Boston's West E~d, has announced his candidacy for State Senate in the Firs~ Suffolk and Middlesex District. Frank is running to represent[ Beacon Hill, North End, West End, Financial District, East Boston, Revere, Winthrop and Cambridge. Currently, Massachusetts is on the verge of itg worst financial crisis due to consistently bad financial decisions made by the current Administration. Frank has the neces- sary credentials and leadership skills to bring fiscal ]respon- sibility, accountability and common sense to Beacpn Hill. When elected State Senator, Frank will put forward his best efforts to cut excessive government spending, roll back the tax hikes and create a business-friendly environment to restore growth and prosperity in our state, l Frank is seeking office to bring balance to the legislature and to work towards creating jobs in Massachusetts, exer- cising fiscal restraint and reducing the tax burden 9n busi- nesses and individuals. Frank's legislative priorities are: Creating new jobs in Massachusetts and inviting businesses to the state; Exercising fiscal responsibility and getting state budget under control; Rolling back recent tax increases and imaking Massachusetts more affordable for families; Cutting the excessive government spending; Imposing accountability and transparency in the government. It's one of the best districts for a Republican in Boston, especially in the Italian-American neighborhoods that read the Post-Gazette. Look at the results in January's special elec- tion for U.S. Senator, where Scott Brown won statewide and carried several municipalities and neighborhoods in the First Suffolk and Middlesex District. Republican Scott Brown won, with 53% in Revere; Addivinola's district includes five of the six wards in Revere. Vote-rich Winthrop went republican by an even bigger margin -- 65%. Here in Boston the district includes East Boston, where the Post-Gazette has a satellite office. Eastie went for Brown 45%, or 15 percentage points above the citywide vote for the Republican. In the four precincts of East Boston that make up the Orient Heights neighborhood, that is, the predomi- nantly Italian part of East Boston, Scott Brown won with 54% of the vote. And in my home of Ward Three, Addivinola should find voters favorable to his Republican message in the North End, West End, Beacon Hill and Financial District. In November let's repeat January and elect a Republican Senator! David Trumbull is the chairman of the Boston Ward Three Republican Committee. Boston's Ward Three includes the North End, West End, part of Beacon Hill, downtown, waterfront, Chinatown, and part of the South End. Sal LaMattina & Family Boston City Councilor - District 1 Jlappy 8aster Buona Pasqua STATE REPRESENTATIVE 1ST SUFFOLK DISTRICT