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i)age' Po T- G'.h.2:E :I'TE," i 20i4 b ero . dm d ono.o R Publica. A weekly column highlighting some by David TrumbuU of the more interesting aspects of our .... ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. "'If You Like Your Freedom, You Can Keep Your Freedom." JULIUS CAESAR, POST-MORTEM The will of Julius Caesar named his sisters, his grand- sons, and Octavius to inherit three quarters of his estate. He also adopted Octavius into the family and gave him the Caesar name. A funeral pyre was erected in the Campus Martius and he was cremated while lying on an ivory couch with cov- ers of purple and gold. The robe that he was wearing when slain hung at the head of the couch. Instead of a eulogy at the cremation, Antonius {Marc Anthony} arranged to have someone recite the decree of the sen- ate which voted Caesar all divine and human honors, and also the pledge of the senators to watch over his personal Safety. During the cremation some people tore off their robes and threw them onto the fire. Many women threw their jewelry and also the robes of their children. There was a strong suspi- cion that Caesar had taken no precautions against con- spirators because of his fail- ing health and a desire to bring his suffering to an end. Others theorize that his confidence in the senatorial pledge to watch over his safety caused him ~to dis- miss his armed body guards. He often said that it was in the interest of Rome that he remain alive and that if any harm befell him, the country would be thrown into civil strife far worse than they had ever seen. All per- sons close to him agreed that the sudden and unex- pected death he met was the kind he preferred, as opposed to one of lingering or suffering. Caesar died in 'the fifty- sixth year of his life. He was numbered among the gods by formal decree and also in the opinion of the people he served. It is said that for seven days in succession, a comet was seen about an hour before sunset, and this was believed to be his soul which was being taken to heaven. The senate voted that the room in which Caesar was slain be walled up and never used again. They also voted that the Ides of March be called the Day of Patricide (murder of one or both parents) and that the senate would never meet on that day. Most of Caesars conspirators died an unnatu- ral death within the next three years. They died in shipwrecks, in battle, or by suicide with the same dag- ger used on Julius. Julius Caesar holds a very unique place in the history of Rome and of the world. During his time, the government at Rome was not adequate to meet the admin- istrative needs of such a great empire. Military power became more important than civil power and great senatorial debates had to give way to violent battles between successful leaders of Roman legions. Caesar was ambitious, desired to become the greatest politi- cal leader of his generation, and was successful because of his superior or extraordi- nary executive ability. He possessed a better knowl- edge of the needs of Rome than any of his contemporar- ies. His genius was not merely destructive as some might have said. but was constructive as well. He was a great states- man; his military accom- plishments rank him equal to Alexander the Great, Hannibal, and Napoleon. In the oratory of his day he was second only to Cicero. As a writer he is placed among the world's greatest. His height, fair complex- ion. sensitive regard for his appearance and gra- cious attitude truly marked him as a man of the world. IN AMBITION, ENERGY, AND THE ABILITY TO GET THINGS DONE. HE HAS MADE A GREATER MARK ON HUMAN- ITY THAN ANY OTHER MAN THAT EVER LIVED. Good work cousin Julius, I'm proud of you. And now the bitter irony of fate. The building in which the Roman Senate met was called the Curia. At that time their curia was destroyed by fire. Pompey built a building for the senate to use while they awaited the completion .of a new Curia. The temporary meeting hall was called "Pompey's Senate House." Just four years after com- pletion of Pompey's Senate House, his army was de- feated by Caesar and Pompey was murdered on a desolate Egyptian seacoast. Four years after Pompey's death, Cae- sar himself was murdered in Pompey's Senate House. NEXT ISSUE: Varro Saint Richard, Bishop by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari Saint Richard was born about the year 1197 at the manor of Wyche near Worcester, England. He was the second son of Richard and Alice de Wyche. As a child, he exhibited a great inclination toward virtue and showed himself averse toward the ordinary amuse- ments of his age. His par- ents died while he was very young and the family estate fell into disrepair as a result of being placed in the hands INCOME TAX PREPARATION Financial Services Professional Tax Consultant Personal & Business Year Round Service M.P. & Co. TAX & FINANCIAL SERVICES GRACE PREVITE MAGOON, EA 617-569-0175 146 Maverick Street, East Boston, MA 02128 web site: www.mptaxfin.com * e-mail: mptax.fin@aol.com ESTABLISHED IN 1938 CELEBRA TING 76 YEARS IN BUSINESS I I I i of guardians who squan- dered their inheritance. Richard left his studies with the Benedictines and under- took the management of the estate and soon restored it to a good condition. He then went to Oxford, and Paris where he resumed his studies and received the degree of Master of Arts. At Bologna he studied Canon Law, in which he acquired a great reputation and later elected Chancellor of the University of Oxford. His learning and sanctity were so famed that Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canter- bury, and Robert Gros- seteste, Bishop of Lincoln, both offered him the post of chancellor of their respec- tive dioceses. Richard ac- cepted the Archbishop's offer and became St. Edmund's intimate friend following him to France. After two years he was ordained by the Bishop and returned to England as a parish priest in Kent. In 1244, the Bishop of Chichester died; the canons (Continued on Page 6) The Greater Boston Tea Party will hold its annual Tax Day Rally on the Boston Common on Sunday, April 13% Why not April 15~, the actual Tax Day? Simple, April 15a is a weekday, and Tea Party people work for a living! The theme is "If you like your Freedom. you can keep your Freedom." According to the organizers: "There are many things broken in our country, and the root cause is largely due to the interference of big government in our lives. Over tax- ing, over regulating, spying on the citizens, government takeover of health care -- all are proving to be colossal failures." Fortunately, there is a reawakening going on and the citizens are on the march and becoming more active. Here in Massachusetts we have the Tank the Gas Tax Movement, the outrage at Common Core implementation the outcry against the Department of Children and Families due to the number of kids' deaths and the kidnapping of Justina Pelletier the repeal of the Tech Tax by the Deep Blue MA Legislature, and the number of people who have stepped up and are running for office in MA. Speakers are continuing to be confirmed. Stay tuned for further announcements during the lead-up to tax day! The rally will be Sunday, April 13th, from 1:00 pm to 4:00 pm at the Parkman Bandstand. For more information about the Greater Boston Tea Party, visit their website http:/-/greaterhosto~teaparty.corn] ................... .......... All the glory that was Rome ..... 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