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April 8, 2016     Post-Gazette
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April 8, 2016

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PAGE 2 POST-GAZETrE, APRIL 8, 2016 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry...,our lineage.., our roots. !iiiiiii1371 MICHELANGELO No discussion on the Italian Renaissance would be com- plete without including one of the greatest geniuses the world has ever produced. Few artists have matched the grandeur of his conceptions or the power of his creations. To know his life is to know the history of Italy's glory. Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, Florentine, was born in Caprice, Tuscany, in 1475, at the height of the great Italian Renaissance. Today we know him simply as Michelangelo. Chiefly, he was known as a sculp- tor, and in this medium he created some of the greatest masterpieces that this world has ever known. Additionally, he was a painter, where he also created some of the greatest masterpieces that this world has ever known. He was also an architect, and in this medium, too, he created some of the greatest masterpieces that this world has ever known. He was called upon to prepare a defense for his beloved city of Florence when it was under siege, and in this effort he designed one of the most effective defenses known up to that time. As proof that he was every bit as cul- tured as he was talented, he also wrote poetry which is still being republished today. History credits Michelangelo with more than 50 great artistic creations. The most famous ap- pear to be Piet& of St. Peter's, the Sistine Chapel ceiling, the Sistine Chapel wall, and the dome of St. Peter's Basilica. The title Piet&, as we know, is given to any representation in painting or sculpture of the yirgin Mother grieving over the body of Jesus after the crucifixiion. People seem to relate Mi- chelangelo with only one Pietd or La Pietd, when in fact he sculptured four of them. At the age of 23 he did his first and most famous Pietd, which shows the Virgin Mother hot~g the.dead Jesus across her lap. This work is;now i~ the Basilica ! :?i! i of St. Peter, in Rome. At the age of 73, he did a second Piet~ entitled Deposition from the Cross which shows Jesus being taken down from the cross. The Virgin Mother, Nicodemus, and Mary Mag- dalene are also shown in the composition. One year later he did the PalestHna Pietd, which also shows Jesus after having been removed from the cross. The Virgin Mother and Mary Magdalene are in this compo- sition as well. Finally, at the age of 81, Michelangelo carved the Rondanini Pietd, which was his last piece of' sculpturing before he died. It was purchased in 1952 by the Commune of Milan for the museum of the Siorz Castle, where it now stands. In 1508, Pope Julius II ordered Michelangelo to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. This is the work where much of it was done while lying on his back. Here, he chose to present a condensed version of the events recorded in the Book of Genesis. He painted 343 colossal figures on 10,000 square feet of ceiling, and at the age of 33 after 4 years of agonizing labor, created the most powerful piece of painting in the world. Twenty- four years later he returned to paint the titanic Last Judgment on the altar wall of the same cha- pel. This work shows sinners being condemned to Hell by Christ's furious judgment. It is one of the largest frescoe paintings ever executed and the most comprehensive in the world. Finally, as was mentioned in a previous issue, Michelangelo was 72 years old when commanded by Pope Julius Ill to take over the position of Architect for the Basilica of St. Peter, then under construction. [-!~:was t~e.eigh~oi:about fourtee~t men who served in this capacity. Here, he served without compensation. "For the love of God only." The design and construction of the central dome is attributed to him, and once again he produced one of the greatest masterpieces of art. @ REFEREN DUM ABROGATIVO 17 APRILE 2016 Con decisione del Consiglio dei Ministri adottata i110 febbraio 6 stata determinata la data del 17 aprile 2016 per il REFERENDUMABROGATIVO della norma che prevede che i permessi e le concessioni a esplorazioni e trivellazioni .dei giacimenti di idrocarburi entro dodici miglia dalla costa abbiano la "durata della vita utile del giacimento" (referendum popolare per I'abrogazione del comma 17, terzo periodo, dell'art..6 del decreto legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152 [Norme in materia ambientale], come sostituito dal comma 239 dell'art. I della legge 28 dicembre 2015, n. 208 [Disposizioni per la formazione del bilancio annuale e pluriennale dello Stato - legge di stabilit 2016], limitatamente alle seguenti parole: