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April 23, 2010     Post-Gazette
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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, APRIL 23, 2010 Stir ep_e_ by Prof. Edmund Turiello Nostra of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. THE CHARACTER OF ROMAN STRUCTURES The shape, nature or char- acteristics of all structures that have been built at any time or place in history have been influenced by their geographic location, geology, climate, religious beliefs or social attitudes. Under- standing these influences is prerequisite to an under- standing of the architecture of any country. Roman building was influ- enced by the availability of marble, materials for mak- ing brick, chalky deposit called tufa (which also made excavations for the cata- combs practical), excellent sand and gravel, a clean earth called pozzolana which helped in making a strong and durable concrete, and by exposure to the work of Phidias and the "golden age" of Athens. The Greeks had developed a civilization of the highest order. When the Romans conquered the Greeks they brought many Greeks back to Rome and used them as servants and tutors. These tutors and the high degree of Greek cultural develop- ment greatly influenced all of Roman life including their architecture. An order of architecture is a column sitting on its base ORDERS OF ARCHITECTURE KIIC 11JSCAN COMPOSITE and the horizontal structure above it which is called the entablature. The Greeks developed three orders of ar- chitecture. These are called Doric, Ionic and Corinthian and were used as structural elements as well as decora- tive features. Structure and ornament were blended into one. For example, the columns that held up the structure were also the predominant decorative feature. Removal of the columns would cause serious structural problems. The Classical Greeks spent about five hundred years working on and improving all features of their temples, such as the thickness, height and spacing of the columns and the curvature of all horizontal and vertical lines to correct optical illu- sion. It is said that the typi- cal Greek Temple was mans' most nearly perfect creation. When the Romans con- quered the Greeks they accepted and used the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian Orders but added two more of their own design. These two are called the Tuscan, which is not fluted, and sec- ondly the Composite, which is a combination of Ionic and Corinthian. The Romans generally built their buildings first and then applied the or- ders as decoration later. Parts of structures are still standing even though the decorative features were re- moved centuries ago. The two very important structural contributions made by the Romans were the use of concrete and the employ- ment of the arch to cover large areas, thus bringing the element of space into their architecture. They didn't invent the arch but were the first to use it to any great extent. NEXT ISSUE: The Roman Forums Who Will Be Boston's Next Mayor? Right now, there's a big lull when it comes to talking out loud about Boston's next mayor. Eventually, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino will leave City Hall and return to private life. The five- term record-setter has been mayor so long we're starting to forget who he replaced. Of course, I haven't. He re- placed Raymond Flynn, the first mayor elected from South Boston. by Sal Giarratani I've been around politics a long time. I even remember chatting with legendary Bos- ton Mayor James Michael Curley back on the cam- paign trail when he was 81 years old and I was only seven. The other day when I was over at the Boston Medical Center's Emer- gency Department, I came upon that great oil painting of Curley that hung in the old waiting room in the ad- It's fantastic. And it's fixed! Lina Buttiri, Branch Manager 275 Hanover Street, Boston, MA 02113 (617) 557-2950 PButtiri@Century- Bank.com ten tury Bank, www.AskCentury.com Aliston - Beverly - Boston Braintree Brookiine * Burlington Cambridge Coolidge Correr tcomin 9 soon} , Everett * Lynn Malden Medford - Newton Peabody Quincy Salem Somerville Winchester 4.0% Anr, ual Percerttaqe ate iAPQ offe i ub]c o :red f*prova ;nd a a'cs the tot3 modgagc loan5, inctud; 9 hoTrr- qt/ily I}nCS ]t3ti/O [OnS dO POt eceed 75% of d're Loar-Fo \\;,'!ue ILiV) ot yoti - fdllly O,.VtK'f OCCLipiCU hClC /cordninium or ,;cond hoPe locaed {r M,asach :e.rr'. ,,vith a:tom6tic tolthly ,ai gvmr't om n e[ab[shed CentuyB;,kCheckingAccount Fi ;=ilonAP;mty e tfe r sedonoanpayrqettoptio,cutr, merseec Pruety r:surance is required. Other terms and cnd ic, ns may apply' (entary, a] retes the right to vihdaw thb; offer at an}, tir)3 Conduit yo l tax d'OF .auJin ; the derJ ct b ty of n re Qatc is ccurate as of 4/] / ] 0 Equal Hous n 9 Lnnder,embe FD C ministration building back in my childhood. He was dubbed, "Mayor of the Poor" and was responsible for re- building Boston City Hospi- tal during his mayoral terms. His picture hangs no more than two and a half blocks from his birthplace on Northampton Street near Harrison Avenue. He came up from the Irish shanty- town and rose to great politi- cal power. We have been lucky to have elected some great leaders to the Office of the Mayorl Mayor Kevin H. White guided Boston through some turbulent times in the '70s when a federal judge ordered busing for the city's neigh- borhoods creating a very hot atmosphere for a good while. Ray Flynn was great too and often goes overlooked but he really connected with ordinary people and made them feel important and part of the governing process. I have not always been a great fan of Tommy Menino but he too is due for credit. Not flashy but very detailed. His shadow will hang over the city for decades like Curley's. However, who is coming up the ranks behind Menino? Who can take over when he retires from office? A small number of people have been mentioned, but no one is talking yet because it is way to soon. Twenty-thirteen is Res Publica by David Trumbull MassGOP Endorses Republican Candidates for Statewide Office Republican delegates from Boston supported the nomi- nation and endorsement of Charlie Baker for Governor at the 2010 Republican State Convention in Worcester on Saturday, April 17. The over one hundred delegates from Boston joined 3,500 other delegates and guests at the convention, which brought together Republicans from 40 senatorial districts and 351 cities and towns across Massachusetts. "The 2010 Massachusetts Republican ticket is the best we've had in decades. I'm proud to stand with these men and women who will restore balance in state government. All of them share our Republican vision for creating jobs, controlling spending and lowering taxes. Powerful change will result when our great candidates and our motivated grassroots efforts combine this election season," said Jennifer Nassour, Chairman of the Massachusetts Repub- lican Party. The Massachusetts Republican State Committee en- dorsed the following candidates for statewide office at the convention: Governor - Charlie Baker Lieutenant Governor - Sen. Richard Tisei Treasurer - Rep. Karyn Polito Auditor - Mary Connaughton Secretary of the Commonwealth -William Campbell **Kamal Jain, candidate for Auditor, qualified for the Republican ballot as well.** David TrumbuU is the chairman of the Boston Ward Three Republican Committee. Boston's Ward Three includes the North End, West End, part of Beacon Hill, downtown, waterfront, Chinatown, and part of the South End. EVERETT CITY COUNCILOR Sal DiDomenico Wins Senate Seat On Tuesday, April 13, 2010, Everett City Councilor Sal DiDomenico won the Democratic primary for a state Senate seat repre- senting parts of Cambridge, Boston and Somerville. The race included six Demo- cratic candidates and DiDomenico topped the ticket by roughly 100 votes. The final special election will be held on May 11, 2010. f PATRONAT0 PENSIONE INAS/USNCISL 9 Hull Street, Boston, MA 02113 DANIEL LOFFREDA Tel: 617-600-5353 AI vostro servizio per aiutarvi in modo gratuito a compilare e trasmettere alI'I.N.P.S, il MODULO REDD 2009, che e' obbligatorio. Vi possiamo aiutare anche con tutti i Vostri problemi riguardanti Pensioni I.N.P.S., Atti Notarili, Esistenza Vita, etc. Ore di Ufficio: lOam - 3pm, oppure per appuntamento We assist you free of charge in the compilation and transmittal to I.N.P.S. of MODULE REDD 2009, required b_y_ law. We can help you also with all other problems regarding I.N.P.S. Pensions, Notary Acts, Life Certificates, etc. Office hours: lOam - 3pro, or by appointment. (Continued on Page 14) Boston Harborside Home Joseph A. Langone 580 Commercial St. Boston, MA 02109 617-536-4110 www.bostonharborsidehome.com Augustave M. Sabia, Jr. Trevor Slauenwhite Frederick J. Wobrock Dino C. Manca Courtney A. 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