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POST-GAZETTE, APRIL 24, 2015 Page 3 POST-GAZETTE Pamela Donnaruma, Publisher and Editor 5 Prince Street, P.O. Box 130135, Boston, MA 02113 617-227-8929 617-227-8928 FAX 617227-5307 e-mail: postgazette@aol.eom Website: www.BostonPostGazette.eom Subscriptions in the United States $35.00 yearly Published weekly by Post-Gazette, 5 Ince St., P.O. Box 130135, Boston, MA 02113 USPS 1538 - Second-Class Postage paid at Boston, MA POSTMASTER: Send address changes to the POST-GAZETYE - P.O. Box 130135, Boston, MA 02113 James V. Donnaruma Caesar L. Donnaruma Phyllis F. Donnaruma 1896 to 1953 1953 to 1971 1971 to 1990 Vol. 119 - No. 17 Friday, April 24, 2015 OUR POLICY: To help preserve the ideals and sacred traditions of this our adopted country the United States of America: To revere its laws and inspire others to respect and obey them." To strive unceasingly to quicken the public&apos;s sense of civic duty: In all ways to aid in making this country greater and better than we found it. Marino "pa00o" Sa000 Marino J. "Parko" Sarno, 84, of Medford, formerly of the North End of Boston passed away on April 9, 2015 at home with his family by his side after a long illness. Loving husband of Josephine (Mirra) and de- voted father of Angela Cahill and her husband John of Leominster, Daniel and his wife Roseanne of Andover, Connie Knibbs and her husband Brian of Wilmington, and Michael of Tewksbury. Dear son of the late Michael and Angelina Sarno. Loving grandfather of Jonathan Corey, Daniel Jr., Nicholas and Christopher Sarno, Madison Knibbs, and Rae, Michael Jr., and Cali Sarno. Brother of Phyllis Gallo and her husband Anthony of Medford. Dear uncle of Ann Marie and Joseph Gallo. Lovingly cared for by Christine Fulchino Mangan for the last year at home. Parko graduated Boston English High School in 1948. He was a Veteran of the Korean War, serving in the United States Army. Former refrigeration en- gineer serving as Past President of Refrigeration Service Engineers Society (New England Chapter) and Regional Director of the National Association. He was also a member of the Knights of Columbus. His greatest pleasure in life was his family, most importantly spending time with his wife, children, and grandchildren on vacations and holidays. Funeral was from the DeUo Russo Funeral Home, 306 Main Street, Medford followed by a Funeral Mass celebrated in St. Francis of Assisi Church, Fellsway West, Medford. Services concluded with a burial at Oak Grove Cemetery. Memorial Contributions in Parko's name may be made to www.vnahospicecare.org or mailed to VNA Hospice Care, 100 Trade Center, G-500, Woburn, MA 01801. Quincy's Annual VIETNAM VETERANS MEMORIAL DAY SERVICE by Sal Giarratani The Quincy chapter, Vietnam Combat Veterans Combined Armed Forces will be holding its annual memorial service to Vietnam veterans on Thursday, April 30  at 2:00 pm by the Vietnam Memorial Clock Tower at Marina Bay in Squantum. Guest speaker will be Rev. John C. Gregan, former Lt. Colonel, USMC Ret., a highly decorated combat Marine in the Vietnam War. He is currently pastor of Blessed Sacrament Parish in Alexandria, Virginia. As Larry Norton, president of the Quincy chapter, says, "Through us they will live forever." Norton has also invited newly appointed State Secretary of Veterans Affairs Francesca Urena, who previously served as the Boston Commissioner of Veteran Services. THOUGHTS BY DAN ABOUT THIS 8< THAT with Daniel A. DiCenso CATHERINE DE" MEDICI (April3, 1519--January 5, 1589): The Matriarch Pulls the Str/ngs Catherine de' Medici is widely regarded as the most powerful woman in 16  cen- tury Europe, but her influ- ence started with her family. In the end, she not only put her three sons (Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry Ill) on the French throne, but controlled almost all of their actions. Which, under their name, and by extension her own, were some of the great- est atrocities in the history of France. Perhaps it was precisely because she was denied power for so long that she rose so fiercely after the death of her husband King Henry II in 1559. Her mar- riage to King Henry was plagued by a lot of the same problems that always affected monarchies. For a while, it seemed as if they would not be able to reproduce and the lack of a son was detrimen- tal to the King. As a result, their marriage (though pas- sionate at first) became loveless and the King turned his attention to his mis- tresses. One of them, Filippa Duci, gave birth to his daugh- ter Diane de France in 1538. Still, King Henry had no son, but his proven ability to have children with other women esiranged him fur- ther from his wife. He lim- ited much of her political power and denied her own- ership of the Chftteau of Chenonceau to his other lover Diane de Poitiers. Meanwhile, Catherine was trying everything she could to give her husband a son and finally did so in 1544 who would become King Francis II. After that, Catherine never again had difficulty giving birth and with the King had another eight chil- dren. Love never returned to the marriage, but her legacy would be secure. The death of King Henry II in 1559 proved to be the turning point in the life of Catherine de' Medici. The quiet woman who accepted her husband's attention to other women rose up with a vengeance, guiding the rule of three of her sons. For the Queen it was a hundred eighty-degree turn, going from virtually no political power allotted to her under her husband's rule to the most powerful woman (one could argue even more pow- erful than her sons) of the mid-1500s. Perhaps years of enduring quiet humiliation and oppression finally erupted in a ruthless out- burst of power culminating in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of August 23, 1572 in which Huguenots were slaughtered in mass throughout Paris. It didn't begin this way, however. During the reign of her son Francis II, Catherine de' Medici took on a 'live and let live' approach toward the Huguenots, preferring to strike pacts and agree- ments with Protestant dar- lings such as Antoine de Bourbon. By the time her son Charles IX took the throne in 1560, following the death of Francis, the situation had become far more intense and the Huguenots were poised for an uprising. In September of 1567, Hugue- not forces attempted to overthrow the 17-year-old King Charles and launched France into a civil war. With this act, Catherine lost any sense of mercy or even rea- sonability she may have had toward the Huguenots and declared them a threat to the country. She may have found vali- dation in her declaration on the 21 st of August when Ad- miral Coligny, a celebrated French Protestant nobleman was shot and wounded in the arm by an unknown assail- ant. Fearing a violent re- sponse to the attempt on the Admiral, the response came two days later from King Charles IX. Most historians agree that his mother played a contributing role to what would become known as the St. Bartholomew's Day Mas- sacre. It was an attack of persecution which lasted until September of that year. The goal was to annihilate the Protestants of France by assassinating their most powerful leaders and by the end of the massacre, around 5,000 Protestants had been murdered throughout France. Throughout France re- actions to the massacre were, not surprisingly, divi- sive, the Catholics seeing it as a necessary step in curb- ing Protestant aggression, though more moderate Cath- olics were still hoping for a peaceful religious reform. In other parts of Europe, the reactions were far less approving with only Philip II of Spain applauding the mas- sacre. Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian II, England's Elizabeth I, and Ivan the Terrible were among those to voice disgust at the bloodshed. What remains a subject of debate is the extent of Catherine de' Medici's, or even King Charles's, involve- ment in the attack. Many agree that King Charles acted on his own without even consulting his mother in an attempt to nip a Prot- estant uprising and preserve his rule. Some historians construct it entirely as an inevitable eruption of reli- gious tension in France. Somewhat along this theory is that the Royal Family was forced into launching the massacre due to pressure from the French Catholic base. Whatever the truth, and it is likely somewhere in the middle of all of these theo- ries is the question of who was Catherine de'Medici. Was she a quiet woman who stood quietly in a loveless marriage watching a hus- band she could never please build his legacy around her or a viper waiting in the grass to strike. Did she launch one of the bloodiest massacres in European his- tory to preserve the legacy of her family and her son's throne or was she simply acting on the whim of the populace? What if the attack on Admiral Coligny never took place, would have she still opted for religious tolerance? Perhaps the best way of understand Catherine de' Medici is in her own words, telling her daughter, "My principal aim is to have the honor of God before my eyes in all things and to pre- serve my authority, not for myself, but for the conserva- tion of this kingdom and for the good of all your brothers." Here is Catherine de' Medici in the truest form. A woman who fought desper- ately to give her husband a family ended up ensuring the family legacy almost on her own. To her, her famil) was her greatest accom- plishment and she was determined to preserve its stability by any means necessary. at WALTHAM COMMON Saturday, May 30 th from 11 am - 7:00 pm (Raindate: Sunday, May 31") WANTED: Vendors (Food & Non), Crafters, Sponsors Proceeds support Alzheimer's, Cooley's Anemia, Autism and local charities and scholarships. Hosted by: Regina Margherita di Savoia Mixed Lodge #1094 (Waltham) of the Order Sons of Italy For nmre in/mmat, contact Card @ 508-855-0124 or cn, .rmlm/xed.mCF'esta