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April 27, 2012     Post-Gazette
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P=e' POS:I'-'G'A'I='FE, APRI 27, 20"1;2 Stir00Prof Edmund Turio.o .a.  v L.J m, As. m,L Of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. During the two previous issues we discussed the premarital traditions and the vows that were taken in ancient Roman marriages. Today we continue with a description of the procession to the new home, the third part of the wedding cer- emony. This was the invari- able part of all marriages and it usually took place at dusk with lighted torches. The bride was taken from her mother's arms with simulated force, remi- niscent of the Sabine mar- riages. Torch-bearers and flute-players led the proces- sion. Next came the bride, who was conducted by three boys; two led her by the hand while the third carried a bou- quet of hawthorns for good fortune. These boys were fol- lowed by still another youth who carried the bride's spindle and distaff, a symbol of her industry and purity. Then came the guests and anyone else who cared to join in the parade. The role of the groom in all of this was to carry a large bag of nuts, and as the procession moved along he scattered them to the boys in the crowd. This was a symbol of the end of childhood and also the fruitfulness of marriage LUNA DI MIELE and plenty. The entire pro- cession moved toward the groom's house while all of the participants sang vulgar and indecent songs. The fourth and last part of the ceremony started when the parade reached the groom's house. The first act of the bride was to tie some wool around the door posts and then to aloint the wool with oil or fat to signify health and plenty. The bride was then lifted over the threshold as a symbol of the ancient marriage by capture. There are those who claim that lifting the bride over the threshold was a precau- tion against a bad omen in the event that the nervous newlywed stumbled as she entered her new home. After entering the house she stood quietly as the groom approached her while bearing fire and water to sig- nify that she was properly admitted into the family fiearth and its ceremonial rites. The bride also had her little part to play; she brought three coins with her. One coin was given to her hus- band as a symbol of her dowry, the second was an offering to the household gods, and the third was dropped into the street as an offering to the gods for her safe journey to the new home. Her last act was to stand in the doorway and throw her bouquet of haw- thorns out to the waiting guests, who scrambled for it as a lucky possession. At this point the ceremonies were over the "rimbrotto" (nagging) began. On the day following the wedding there was a second feast called the "repotia." This was for relatives and close friends, and it was when the bride was offered to the family shrine as a "matrone." A matrone or matron was a name applied by the Romans to every hon- orable married woman. She was highly esteemed, and when walking in the street the way was cleared for her, but she could never appear unaccompanied by either a slave or her husband. No one was permitted to touch her except her husband, her chil- dren, or her attendants. She was distinguished by her long white "stola" which, in cold weather, could be cov- ered by a cloak called a "palla." What else can be said except "Figlio rnaschile e cento anni." NEXT WEEK: Caupona Grossman Supports Hike in Minimum Wage When it comes to issues like the minimum wage, I still sound like a Democrat. I remember my first job at the City Spa Cafeteria in the South End's Worcester Square. I earned the then- minimum wage of a $1.25 per hour. If I worked 40 hours I earned $60 before taxes. People on welfare back then were more financially heeled than I. Recently, State Treasurer Steven Grossman expressed support for proposals to raise the state's minimum wage. He would leave it to legislators to come up with the higher minimum and how long to phase in the increase. He also supported a proposal to mandate busi- nesses to offer some kind of paid sick days. Grossman added that raising the current $8 minimum wage up to ten bucks an hour seemed "thoughtful and sensitive," but he did not endorse a bill up on Beacon by Sal Giarratani State Treasurer Steven Grossman Hill to do so. Following a Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce breakfast, Grossman told reporters that he understood the concerns epressed about raising the nninimum wage when the business cli- mate was not that robust but added he favors an increase in the current nainimum wage. He also thouLght add- Owned and operated by Pamela Donnaruma, Publisher, Post-Gazette DIVORCE * CRIMINAL LAW OFFICES OF FRANK J. CIANO GENERAL PRACTICE OF LAW WILLS * ESTATE PLANNING * TRUSTS PERSONAL INJURY * WORKERSCOMP 617-354-9400 Si Parla Italiano CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02141 ing paid sick days would actually help modernize the state's workforce. Giving workers the guar- antee of a $I0 minimum wage means 8400 per week for working 40 hours. People will continue to struggle raising families on the pay increase never mind trying to figure out how anyone could survive on $320 a week. Creating a 21 st century workforce means paying workers a decent salary to survive on. Jon Hurst, president of the Retailers of Massachusetts Association calls the $I0 minimum wage idea "too aggressive." He should try living on $8 an hour. The National Federation of Independent Business, President William Vernon said, "Mandatory paid sick days could cost jobs, lower profits and harm productivity." What about the economic recovery of working families? f DIAMONDS ROLEX ESTATE JEWELRY Bought & Sold Jewelers Exch. Bldg. . Jim (617) 263-7766 .,j Res Publica by David TnunbuU TO INNOVATE IS NOT TO REFORM -- Edmund Burke No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Conse- quence of Appropriations made by Law United States Constitution Article I Section 9 Or as James Madison explains it in Federalist Number 58 The House of Representatives cannot only refuse, but they alone can propose, the supplies requisite for the support of government. They, in a word, hold the purse that powerful instrument. This power over the purse may, in fact, be regarded as the most complete and effectual weapon with which any constitution can arm the immediate representatives of the people, for obtaining a redress of every grievance, and for carrying into effect every just and salutary measure. Which is precisely why I believe that attacks on congres- sional earmarks are misguided and counterproductive. Earmarks are in the news again this month as Monday is the deadline for the congressional procedure for temporarily suspending import tariffs on products not made in the U.S. In the current, 1124 Congress, such temporary duty sus- pensions are considered "earmarks," under a rule first instituted in 2010 in the 111 a Congress. Certainly earmarking of funds for specific pet projects has been abused and has contributed to bloated govern- ment. However, at least an earmark is exactly that, a spe- cific flagged expenditure promoted by some member or members of congress and included in a law which following public debate and a vote on the record has been duly autho= rized by congress. The members of congress are our elected representatives and their Constitutionally-mandated duty is to control the public purse. Furthermore, they must come before the voters every two years for re-election and must defend those votes and the budget they supported. Get rid of all earmarks and congress will be writing a blank check to non-elected bureaucrats. Those bureaucrats will make the allocations behind closed doors and will never be directly accountable to the voters. Projects will continue to be funded, but who will decide which projects? First off, since every appropriation that congress makes is to fund some executive function, absent congressional direction as to how to spend the money (i.e., "earmarks") the Presi- dent ultimately decides. In this manner more power is transferred from congress, the branch of government closest to the people, to the central executive. Secondly, members of congress with important positAons on the committees that control the budgets of executive agencies will continue to influence how the money is spent. Now they do so with earmarks in a public law; once earmarks are abolished they will do it with phone calls or visits behind closed doors with little accountability to the people of the United States. Beware of those who, under the guise of reform, present radical innovations that transfer more power to the cen- tral government and further remove important decision- making from the people and their representatives. The POST-GAZE'I-rE newspaper is a paper of general circulation. We are qualified to accept legal notices m from any court in each town that we serve. I For information on placing a Legal Notice in the POST-GAZETTE, please call (617} 227-8929; or mail notice to: POST-GAZETTE, P.O. BOX 135, BOSTON, MA 02113 Attn: Legal Notices NORTH END00 5 PRIPNC E STRE ET oTJTHEN DqOS Quality Printing for all your Commercial and Personal Needs Stati0ne * Business (:ards * Menus Flyers Program Books * Wedding and Party Invitations Announcements * Business Forms and Documents COMPETITIVE PRICES m 617-227-8929 230 MSGR. O'BRIEN HIGHWAY I