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Page2 POST-GAZEI-rE, MAY 9, 2014 Stirpe by Prof. Edmund Turiello Nostr;l Aweeklycolumnhighlightingsome of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. This week we are con- tinuing in our coverage of the great Latin scholars of the past. In previous issues we divided all of the Latin literati into the Early Age, the Golden Age, the Silver Age, and the Later Empire. We further subdivided the Golden Age into the Ciceronian Period and the Augustan Period. During the last three weeks we highlighted Vergil, Horace and Ovid, the three great poets of the Augustan Period, and today we con- tinue in that period with the historian Titus Livius, who is now referred to as just plain Livy. He was born in Patavium (modern Padua) into a good and respectable family. At an early age he moved to Rome where he became acquainted with the most distinguished men of his day including Emperor Augustus. In his early writ- ings Livy heaped so much praise uponhis contempo- LIVY A modern statue of Livy in Padua. raries that one man traveled from Spain to Rome just to see him. Livy eventually wrote a his- tory of Rome in 142 books, which covered a time span from the founding of that city, to the death of Drusus (the brother of Emperor Tiberius); unfortunately only portions of his work remain. It is said that he had no training in history writing, and only slight knowledge of Roman Law, or in the Roman military system. Livy was one of the great- est and most popular of the Roman writers of history. The importance of his work rests more on the scope of his patriotic undertaking and in his charming style, than on his ability as a scientific historian. He is regarded as a remarkably good story- teller with perfect diction and a highly developed power for graphic narrative. He attempted to awaken the dor- mant patriotic spirit among his fellow Romans, and to inspire them towards emu- lating the deeds of their an- cestors. His theme is the greatness of Rome, which was written in a clear and eloquent style. His history has been given the highest praise, which in turn has earned him the title of "The Roman Herodotus." NEXT ISSUE: Vitruvius Saint Andrew Hubert Fournet by Saint Andrew was born into a devout and wealthy family near Poitiers, France on December 6, 1752. Throughout his early years he appeared to be bored by many things, including re- ligion. He was an undisci- plined child getting into one scrape after another. He ran away from school and considered the idea of becoming a soldier. Influenced by his uncle, who happened to be a priest, Andrew discovered his vo- cation and became a priest himself. After his ordina- tion, he returned to his na- tive village of Mall'e where he became parish priest. For a time, he continued in his worldly ways but the casual criticism of a beggar to whom he refused alms, sud- denly caused him to realize that his way of life was not in accord with the spirit of Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari f the Gospel. He sold all his possessions, did away with his pretensions and lived a very simple life extending to his manner of speech which became simple. This peaceful, happy exist- ence came to an end LUq IA RISTORANTE & BAR Traditional Italian Cuisine 415 Hanover Street, Boston 617.367.2353 J 11 MountVernon Street, Winchester 781.729.0515 Ppivote Function ooms oP anq C)ccosion Bidhclaq l+Pec, v,+m+r,l, Ek. Donato Frattaroli donato @ luciaboston.com www.luciaristorante.com with the French Revolu- tion. St Andrew refused to swear allegiance to the revolutionary government which the new government required of the clergy, and was consequently out- lawed. Only in secrecy could he minister to his flock, sometimes in the woods or a barn, always at the risk of his life. Towards the end of 1792, at the request of his bishop, he retired to Spain, but after an absence of five years he decided that he could no longer leave his flock un- attended. Secretly he made his way back to his parish, which he entered at dead of night. The news of his return spread like wildfire and his ministrations were sought by all the parishio- ners. The danger, however, was greater than eyer; he was pursued constantly and on several occasions he only escaped by the skin of his teeth, at one point taking the place of a dead body on a bier. Eventually peace was re- stored and Andrew returned to his parish to continue with his priestly work. In 1806, with the help of Saint Elizabeth Bichier, he founded the Congregation of the Daughters of the Cross, whose rule he formulated. Their apostolate was to the sick and educating the young. They played a large part after the Revolution in the renewal of religion in France. Though retiring from his parish in 1820, Saint Andrew continued to dir- ect the Sisters till his death on May 13, 1834. He was canonized on June 4, 1933. N EWS +++ : +S RIE FS wRo00 rrAamN NEWSPAPERS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS) Compiled by razio Z. Buttafuoco THE MAJOR DANGERS TO ITALIAN DEMOCRACY. Laura Boldriniis, the President of the Chamber of Deputies of the Italian Parliament (in the U.S. we call The Speaker). Since she was elected as head of the Chamber, she has been at the fore front in urging the legislators to seriously con- sider urgent legislation to help the unemployed. The present Premier, Enrico Letta, has responded to the appeal by submitting bills primarily intended to help the unem- ployed. However, as most of us know things don't move fast in Italy, especially in the Parliament. The views and the opinions vary from one political party to another. In this chaotic situation any attempt to move things fast becomes a "mission impossible." This occurs because each and every bill receives dozens of amendments that most often kills the bill. Of course, most parliamentarians don't realize the urgent need of a particular legislation. The reason being that each parliamentarian follows strictly the party agenda but not what's concerning the people. The results are very disappointing, to say the least, which seriously aggravates the situation, adding to the economic conditions in which Italy is struggling. More dramatic is the condition of many single families, which has led to real tragedies where the man of the house, unemployed for quite some time, has taken his own life, causing a major tragedy, for the pres- sure is far too overwhelming. Of course, the situation doesn't change in the Italian Parliament where everyone seems to be unconcerned with the family tragedies occur- ring in many parts of Italy. It becomes very compelling that pro-labor legislation be enacted, for it is a case of social justice and a "must" in order to strengthen "democracy." Therefore "democracy" and "available work" are a "binomial" that cannot be ignored. It ought to be the primary mission of all political institutions to promote freedom and job opportunities as the major preoccupation of all those who sincerely ought to believe in the fundamental principles that are inherent in the real concepts of any democracy. ROMA DOCET: THE "CAPUT ITALICA" OF DEVIOUSNESS: We have occasionally reported, on these pages, cases of people who use all kinds of stratagems to fool anyone, more so the very State. Thus, it is no surprise to some of us, much less to the authorities, that some cunning people have come up with all kinds of devious ways to get, e.g., a pension by pretending to be totally blind, of course with the professional cooperation of a conniving, eye doctor. Here comes the police, well determined to check and verify that those who collect the "eye disability" pension are legiti- mate. Quite often the police are able to detect a few who show to be other than blind, some drive a car without even glasses, do daily chores, quite impossible to the "blind" individuals, shopping in supermarkets, doing window-shop- ping without the help of glasses, riding a bike, and even going to a dance party. Needless to say, all these activities have been promptly videotaped by the police to prove the "facts" in court. Unfortunately, what the police discovered has been going on for many years, causing considerable damage to the IMPS (the Italian Social Security). A quick count of the damage cost more than 3 million euro (over $4 million), Will the State be able to collect even a fraction of the loss? Stay tuned! UNCTION FACILITY Specializing in the art of celebration Wedding, Anniversary, Quinceahera, Reunion, Birthday, Social and Corporate Events. 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