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May 22, 2015     Post-Gazette
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May 22, 2015

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Page 8 .......... POST-GAZETTE, MAY 22, 2015 THOUGHTS BY DAN ABOUT THIS 8< THAT with Daniel A. DiCenso OLIVER CROMWELL (April 25, 1599-September 3, 1658): The First Modern Politician Nearly 360 years after his death, Oliver Cromwell re- mains the classic divisive political figure, adored by one ideological sect while hated by another. In this re- gard he was the first con- temporary politician, cater- ing to a party and creating a vocal band of political enemy. Especially in Ireland and Great Britain, where many of the political issues he played a role in continue to stir turbulel-leehe remains a highly controversial figure. In his day Cromwell was highly popular on a parlia- mentary level and his mili- tary tactics were much praised, especially his defeat of the Confederate and Roy- alist coalition during the Irish Confederate Wars of 1649, giving England a stronghold in Ireland. As an indication of his paradoxical legacy, this victory came after he signed a death war- rant for King Charles I and established the Common- wealth of England through the Rump Parliament. Cromwell was always a religious man, believing his victories and political legacy to be guided by divine inter- vention. Not surprisingly, much of the controversy sur- rounding his name involves religious clashes in the mid- 17 th century. Cromwell presents some- thing of a challenge to con- temporary historians seek- ing to evaluate his legacy or understand his character and opinions of him not only vary widely but from unex- pected sources. None other than Winston Churchill thought him a dictator while a 2002 BBC poll nominated him one of the greatest Britons ever. For those who hold him to high esteem his greatest accomplishment was limit- ing the power of the mon- archy. Up to that point, Cromwell was not well known politically, but he used the English Civil War wisely to build up the Ironsides Cavalry which be- came prominent in his suc- cess at the Battle of Marston Moor in 1644 against Royal- ist forces. A direct outcome of the two English Civil Wars was the trial of King Charles I for treason when he refused to concede to Parliaments demands for a more consti- tutional monarchy. The King was sentenced to death, the warrant signed by 59 mem- bers of parliament including Oliver Cromwell. The result of this was a short-lived but significant new form of gov- ernmen(' in England known as the "Commonwealth of England" in which the mon- archy no longer held abso- lute power. However one may dispute Cromwell's methods and rise to power he has to be given credit for realizing the dangers of absolute power, especially in the hands of (Continued on Page 13) I JUNE SANTA MARIA DI ANZANO Procession Only - Hanover- Prince Sts ST. ANTHONY'S of PADULA Procession Only - Hanover- Prince Sts. PADRE PIO PROCESSION Procession Only- North Square June 7 2 pm June 14 2 pm June 28 MADONNA DEL GRAZIE Procession Only- Hanover- Prince Sts. ST. ROCCO Procession Only- Hanover- Prince Sts. ST. JOSEPH Procession Only - Hanover SL at St Joseph's Club ST. AGRIPPINA Hanover & Battery Sts. Sunday Procession July 12 12 pm July 19 I pm July 26 I pm July 31, August 1, 2 12 noon MADONNA DELLA CAVA August 7, 8, 9 Hanover & Battery Sts. Sunday Procession I pm MADONNA del SOCCORSO August 13,14, 15, 16 North, Fleet & Lewis Sts. (Fisherman's) Sunday Procession I pm ST. ANTHONY August 28, 29, 30 Thacher, Endicott & Thacher Sts. Sunday Procession 12 pm ST. LUCY August 31 Monday Procession - Endicott St. 5 pm EVENTI SONO GRATIS ST. ROSALIE 'Procession Only- North Square September 13 I pm ST. JOSEPH'S FEAST Battery & Hanover Sts. October 2, 3, 4 Malden, MA SAINT ROCCO FESTIVAL August 7, 8, 9 Pearl Street Sunday Procession I pm Lawrence, MA FEAST OF THE THREE SAINTS September 4, 5, 6 Saints Alfio, Filadelfo and Cirino Common & Union St., Lawrence Sunday Procession 3 pm Cambridge Festival SS COSMAS AND DAMIAN September 12, 13 Warren and Cambridge St., Cambridge Sunday Procession On Sale Now! THE NORTH END Where It All Began The Way It Was by Fred Langone SALE PRICE $19.95 Plus Shipping & Handling On Site at The Post-Gazette 5 Prince Street, North End, Boston, MA