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June 13, 2014     Post-Gazette
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June 13, 2014
 

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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, JUNE 13, 2014 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. R Publica by David Trumbull "The Emblem of the Land I Love" Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, usually called Luean, our next Roman scholar was a most important poet in the Silver Age of Latin litera- ture. He was brought to Rome at an early age, where his education was super- vised by the most prominent teachers of the day. He was the nephew of Seneca, the tutor of Nero. The talents of Lucan devel- oped during his younger years, and he soon became famous as a poet. Lucan's popularity awakened the jealousy of Nero, and conse- quently Lucan was forbidden to write any more poetry, or even to recite in public. Appalled by this prohibitionl he joined Piso's famous con- spiracy to assassinate Nero, but was soon betrayed. Lucan was promised a pardon if he turned informer and soon denounced all of his accom- plices. Imperial treachery was more than Lucan could deal with, and after the conspirators were executed, Nero issued an order for LUCAN Engraved title page of a French edition of Lucan's Pharsalla, 1657 the poet's execution. Escape appeared to be hopeless, so at the age of twenty-six, while in the prime of his life and career, he opened his veins and expired while feebly reciting poetry. We are told that Lucan wrote prose as well as poetry, but that his only work currently in existence is an epic poem in ten books, given the title of "Pharsalia." This work fully details the struggle between Caesar and Pompey after Julius crossed the Rubicon, and all events are arranged in chronologi- cal order. Due to the changing moods and the spirit of the poem, it's quite evident that the ten books were written within different time frames. Earlier books flatter Nero, while later volumes loudly proclaim the blessings of freedom along with offensive criticism against his tyranny. In spite of his youth, Lucan's work is said to con- tain greatness. It is charac- terized by a superior 'quality of diction, excellent imagi- nation, and a mature tone in thought. The "Pharsalia" is generally accepted to be one of the best and second only to Vergil's "Aeneid." NEXT ISSUE: Pliny the Elder The Headwear Association Launch Hat Day in Free Sun-Protection Hats to be Distributed Nationwide (Photo courtesy of Magid Hats) .... To celebrate the 7th annual "Hat Day in the Sun", The Headwear Association (THA) will be giving away thousands of FREE wide-brimmed sun-protection hats in cities across the coun- try as part of a public awareness campaign to educate people that the right hat can protect against skin cancer, sun damage, and prema- ture aging. In Boston, Andria Rapagnola and dessen Fitzpatrick of Boston's Best Hat Shop, SALMAGUNDI will be hosting a huge hat give- away in Post Office Square on Thursday, June 19th at noon. For complete event details, please visit: www.TheHeadwearAssociation.org/ hat-day-in-the-sun. Melanoma is the most common of all cancers, and 90 percent of all cases are caused by sun over-exposure. The right hat can protect against skin cancer, sun damage, and premature aging. If you do not live in one of the host cities, you can win a sun-protection hat on the THA Facebook page. Keep an eye out for the "Hat Day in the Sun Giveaway" posts. To win you need to LIKE the THA Facebook page and comment on your favorite hat! Free hats are being provided by Broner, Dorfman-Pacific, Bollman Hat Company, Magid, Wallaroo, San Diego Hat Company, Korber, and Head'n Home American Hat Makers. For more information about The Headwear Association or Hat Day in the Sun visit www.thehead wearassociation.org or con- tact Jill Hammer at jill@ hammerink, com. counci~ Tito 3a~ksoni EPOCA ExecutiveDirecto~; D~! a Vega; and Urban k~ ~t &~CEO O~m~ii Wiii~am~ ........ www, scsdm~l~o~m :s ht mt ST. JUDE AND ST, ANTHONY NOVENA May the Sacred Heart of Jesus be adored, glorified, loved and preserved throughout the world now and for- ever. Sacred Heart of Jesus pray for us. St. Jude, worker of miracles, pray for us. St. Jude, help of the hopeless, pray for us. St. Anthony, most loving protector and wonder worker, pray for us. Say this prayer 9 times a day and by the 8th day your prayer will'De answered. It has never been known to fail. Publication musf be promised. My prayers have been answered. Favor received. A.T.P. Saturday, June 14% is Flag Day. It commemorates the adoption of the flag of the United States by the Second Conti- nental Congress in 1777. It's a good time to reflect on the meaning of the flag and of the Pledge of Allegiance that many of us recited daily in school. I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivis- ible, with liberty and justice for all. The Pledge of Alle- giance to the Flag of the United States of America should be rendered by standing at attention fac- ing the flag with the right hand over the heart. When not in uniform men should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should remain silent, face the flag,--and render the military salute (U.S. Code Title 4 Sec. 4.) The original Pledge of Allegiance, "I pledge allegiance to my flag and the Republic for which it stands -- One nation indivisible -- with liberty and justice for all," was written in September of 1892 by Francis Bellamy for The Youth's Companion magazine in Boston. The phrase was printed on leaflets and sent to schools throughout the United States. The first organized use of the Pledge of Allegiance came on October 12, 1892, when some 12 million American school children recited it to commemorate the 400-year anniver- sary of Columbus' voyage. In 1923, the first National Flag Conference in Washing- ton D.C. voted to change the words "my flag" to "the Flag of the United States of America." Congress officially recog- nized the Pledge of Allegiance in 1942, but in 1943, the Supreme Court ruled that public school students could not be forced to recite it. The words "under God" were added in 1954 by then Presi- dent Eisenhower, who stated at the time, "In this way we are reaffirming the transcendence of religious faith in America's heritage and future; in this way we shall con- stantly strengthen those spiritual weapons which forever will be our country's most powerful resource in peace and war." FUNCTION FA CILITY Please accept sincere condolences, from the Spinelli's family and staff. During this difficult time, we would like to offer our facility at a specially reduced price, for you, your family and friends. SERVED UPON ARRIVAL Coffee, Mini Danish Pastries and Tea Breads BUFFET LUNCHEON MENU Tossed Salad, Assorted Rolls with Butter Chicken, Ziti and Broccoli Alfredo Eggplant Parmigiana Italian Sausages, Onions and Potatoes oz Above price does not include a 15% Administration Fee and a 7~/c Masa State Tax. 280 BENNINGTON STREET, EAST BOSTON, MA Telephone: 617-567-4499 www.spineilis.com J WWW.BOSTONPOSTGAZETTE.COM