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July 1, 2016

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w v v PAGE 2 POST-GAZE'R'E, JULY 1, 2016 by Prof. Edmund Tudello Nostra A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry...our lineage...our roots. THE ROMAN FORUMS The Forum Romanum (view facing northeast from above the Portico Dii Consentes). (Photo from WikipedicO A Roman Forum was a large appealed to the Romans for open space, usually in some vengeance on Caesar's murder- convenient or central location, ers, while the dead Caesar lay It was surrounded by many at his feet. fine buildings and was used as Constantly embellished dur- a center for business, political ing the time of the Republic and activity, meetings, and as a the Empire, the Forum became market place, surrounded by some of the The idea for the Forum came most magnificent structures from the Greek Agora (market the world has known. There place] and most likely furnished were six Temples, two Basilicas, the inspiration for the Italian the Tabularium (the public ar- Piazza, the Spanish Plaza, the chives), the Regia (residence of German Platz, the French Place, the early legendary kings}, and the English Square, and the the House of the Vestal Virgins. American Village Green. It was the duty of the Vestals At various times the City of to keep alive the sacred fire in Rome contained the Forum Re- the Temple of Vesta. If the fire mantmrMagn~, the Forum of was allowed to go out, the Ves- Caesar, the Forum of Augustus, tal in charge was scourged for the Forum of Vespasian, the her carelessness. If the Vestal Forum of Nerva, and the Forum violated her vow of chastity, she of Trajan. The oldest and most was condemned to death by be- important was the Forum Re- ing buried alive. manum Magnum. Starting out The growth of the city and as a market place and center of the increased use of the Fo- trade, it later became the focus rums required the separation of Roman political and religious of some functions. They built life. This is where the famous a Forum Civilium for legal and Roman Senate met, and from administrative affairs, a Forum its rostrum, which is still stand- Boarium for cattle, a Forum ing, they debated the destiny of Pecuarium for sheep, a Forum the world. The entire life and Suarium for pigs, a Forum Oil- concerns of the most famous torium for vegetables, a Forum of peoples were resolved in this Piscatorium for grain, a Forum space. This Rostrum probably Venalia for mercantile affairs inspired more oratory than and, most important of all, a any other speaking platform Forum Vinarium for wine. in the world. It is also believed NEXT ISSUE: that this is where Mark Antony The Roman Temples %taldo nteriors Known for Stretching the Boundaries of Color & Design a hto J te, o,'s Offers a Treasurer Chest of Home D cor - Accessories Unique Giftware and Custom Pieces that make Wonderful Gifts and additions to anyone's home. Janette ataldo an award-winning designer has a carefully curated colection designed to amuse, delight and inspire you! o ldo nteriors -ffme 42 Prince Street - Boston's North End Email design @ 857-317-6115 Winthrop & Revere Petty Officers 2"d Class Serves Aboard World's Oldest Commissioned Warship by Kayla Good, Navy Office of Community Outreach Petty Officer 2*d Class Petty Officer 2 Class Jeffrey Hammerman Johnny Chaison Petty Officer 2no Class Jeffrey as well as the Navy's story, is go- Hammerman, a 2006 North- ing to be told with enthusiasm east Metropolitan Vocational and accuracy." Technical High School graduate The Constitution is currently and Winthrop, Massachusetts in dry dock for its first major native, and Petty Officer 2"d restoration in more than 20 Class Johnny Chaison, a 2008 years. The restoration is ex- Pensacola Junior College High pected to last two and half years School graduate and Revere, during which time the ship will Massachusetts resident, will remain open to the public. get to celebrate America's 240th According to Navy officials, year of independence as part ships must come out of the of a hand-picked Navy crew water from time to time for serving on the world's oldest maintenance and repair, even commissioned warship afloat, the newest vessels in the fleet. the U.S.S. Constitution. The integrity of a ship's hull is Petty Officer 2nd Class Jeffrey critical to its survival and that Hammerman, an electrician's of its crew. Ships are removed mate, and Petty Officer 2"d Class from the water for careful in- Johnny Chaison serve aboard spection, replacement of aging the 219-year-old Boston-based pieces, and refinishing of the shipnamed by President George bottom below the waterline so Washington to honor the Con- they may continue to serve for stitution of the United States years to come. of America. Famously known While the ship is undergoing as "Old Ironsides," the Con- improvements, many sailors stitution is a wooden-hulled use the opportunity to improve three-masted heavy frigate that upon their own personal and originally launched in 1797. professional goals. Hammerman and Chaison are "Serving in the Navy means honored to have been selected doing my part in the world and to serve on the ship that is rich keeping everyone safe," added in history and successfully held Hammerman. "I enjoy keeping off the British Navy in the War our freedoms safe." of 1812. "Serving in the Navy is an "I like the fact that while serv- opportunity, a privilege, and an ing here I get to be close tohome honor and overlooked by many and myfriendsandfamily,"said people in their career path," Hammerman. added Chaison. "I have been "It is great to be home in taught something that can't Boston and home of the USS be learned in school but only Constitution," said Chaison. - through the Navy." "Boston is an area that really appreciates the military." A key element of the Navy's mission is tied to the fact that America is a maritime nation, according to Navy officials, and that the nation's prosperity is tied to the ability to operate freely on the world's oceans. More than 70 percent of the Earth's surface is covered by water; 80 percent of the world's population lives close to a coast; and 90 percent of all global trade by volume travels by sea. Just as the U.S. Navy's 274 ships and submarines do today, Constitution actively defended sea lanes against global threats from 1797 to 1855. Constitu- tion's victories at sea during the War of 1812 inspired a nation and helped mark the emergence of the United States as a world- class maritime power. Now a featured destination on Boston's Freedom Trail, the Constitution and crew offer com- munity outreach and education about the ship's history and the importance of maintaining a strong Navy to hundreds of thousands of visitors each year. "The Constitution has given me more appreciation of where the Navy has been and why we are still here," said Hammerman. "It gives me more pride in my job." "When I came to this com- mand, I became the outreach coordinator betwwen the USS Constitution and the greater Bostom area," said Chaison. "It makes me put forward my best effort in representing our Navy." Eighty-five sailors make up the crew aboard Constitution. These sailors routinely interact with the public talking about their jobs, their previous duty stations, Navy rules and regu- lations, and life aboard a Navy vessel. "The sailors aboard this ship are the best in the fleet," said Cmdr. Robert S. Gerosa Jr., the commanding officer of U.S.S. Constitution. "Every time we get to interact with the public I know the story of our great ship, ABCD North End/West End Neighborhood Service Center Receives Generous Grant (L-R) Deborah Hammer, Secretary, Church on the Hill; Maria Stella Gulla, Director, ABCD North End/West End NSC; Mary Guarino, Former President, Church on the Hill; Marvin Gonzalez, New President, Church on the Hill; and Johannah Malone, Fundraising Specialist, ABCD North End/West End NSC. The ABCD North End/West elderly services at the NE/WE Together, their collaboration End Neighborhood Service NSC, especially the West End enables the clients they serve Center (NE/WE NSC} is pleased Food Pantry. They are grateful to stay in their communities, to announce a generous grant to the staff at Church on the Hill where many have lived for their award from their friends atfor their ongoing commitment entire lives; have enough to eat; Church on the Hill, who support to their mission and programs, and remain self-sufficient.