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PAGE 4 POST-GAZETTE, JULY 14, 2017 !- ,-= L'Anno Bello: A Year in Italian Folklore A Very Merry Birthday by Ally Di Censo Symynkywicz My birthday is quickly approaching on Thursday, July 20th, and it has gotten me thinking about these unique celebrations in general. Birthdays fall under the category of rites of passage, or milestones, and, as a result, cultures around the world celebrate birthdays with special cus- toms and traditions. While we think of birthdays as great opportunities for parties and food, in ancient times people viewed birthdays as dangerous occasions because of their liminality, being poised between one year and the next. As such, birthday parties included -- and continue to include -- loud noise and noise- makers to scare off the evil spirit believed to be lurking around during this period. Many vestiges of these ancient fetes remain. From birthday cakes to picking up the check, here are special birthday tra- ditions from around the world. Our first stop, of course, is Italy, one of the original homes of the birthday cake. Though scholars are still unsure about the roots of the birthday cake, many theorize that these sweet treats originated in the Mediterranean world. Ancient Greeks baked round cakes to honor Artemis, the goddess of the moon and the hunt, and then illuminated the cakes with candles in order to better resemble the moon. The ancient Romans, on the other hand, made sweet honey cakes to serve at birthdays and weddings, where they were traditionally broken over the bride's head for good luck[ However, the custom of placing candles on a birthday cake comes from Germany, where a large candle was often situated in the center of the cake to symbolize life. Modem Italian birthday traditions resemble those of America. People gather for a birthday cake, food, a party and gifts. There are some differences, however. Beware of people~oulling in Italy-- they will pull the corresponding num- ber of years you are turning. Also, ff a group of friends go out to dinner, it is the friend cel- ebrating the birthday who is expected to pay for ,the meal. Finally, since saints are i important part of Italian society, children are :often named for the saint whose day coincides with their birth day. Or they may celebrate on a smaller :scale during the day belonging to the saint who shares their name, My father, for example, was born on August 16% which is Saint Roch's day, and so my grandmother appropriately named him Roccol Foods are an important part of birthday cel- ebrations around the world. Australian children can expect to be served the charmingly named Fairy Bread, or buttered bread covered with multicolored sprinkles, during their par- ties. Children in Brazil receive marzi- candies shaped like fruit. Can- dies feature in Mexican birthdays as well, where they are concealed in a pifiata, which is later broken open by blindfolded guests. The Dutch, on the other hand, like to feast on pancakes sprinkled with powdered sugar. Many birthday foods also reflect the theme of good luck for the upcom- ing year. A person celebrat- ing their birthday in China will eat long noodles, which symbolize a long life. Russians have birthday pies instead of birthday cakes, and a message bestowing good fortune upon the birthday person is inscribed in the crust. Finally, Canadian chip dren can expect a more immediate form of luck at birthday parties. Whoever funds a coin hidden in his or her slice of birthday cake will have the first turn in all of the feast's games! In addition to food, sometimes the specific age a person is turning forms the focal point of birthday cele- brations. Usually these special birthdays honor the entrance into adulthood. The United States has "sweet sixteen" celebrations, while Latin American countries hold elaborate quincea- fieras when a girl turns fifteen. These parties can rival weddings and the girl often shares a special dance with her father. In the Jewish tra- dition, bar or bat mitzvah rituals on a teenager's thirteenth birthday welcome the boy or girl as adult members of the community. Birthdays are a special time to honor both human joy and resilience. They indicate that we have once again made it through a year filled with myriad human emotions, from happiness to disillusionment, challenges to triumphs. Xhey remind us-that-we have the strength to endure. Like holidays, birthdays are an indica- tion that the year cycles on, and that is a good reason to celebrate. Whether we celebrate with cakes or dinners, when we honor a birthday; we honor :the passage of time, but also all that is timeless -- love and family and good food. That is the true meaning of the candles winking and blinking cheerfully on a birthday cake, a symbol that, like Us, has come a long way. Ally Di Censo Symynkywicz is a Graduate Stu- dent in History at the University of Massachusetts Boston. Any comments and suggestions about Italian holidays and folklore at adicenso89@ gmail.com. News Briefs (Continued from Page 1) The law is the law is the law, but when you have different standards based on legal sta- tus in this country, you make a mockery out of the law. And as far as calling shoplifting a minor crime, it isn't the same as getting caught for jaywalk- ing, is it? Jazz Lyrics Called Hateful Rapper Jay-Z? Did he use odious and false stereotypes about Jewish people on his latest album like the Anti- Defamation league sees it? The organization called out the rapper for the lyrics in the song "The Story of O.J." Jay-Z sings, ~You wanna know what's more important than throwin' away money at a strip club? Credit / You ever wonder why Jewish people own all the property in America? This how they did it." The ADL sees those kinds of lyrics as reinforcing "anti- Semitic stereotypes." It brings up images of Jews, banks, and finances. It does sound like hate speech to me, but what do I know about that political correctness thing and how it really plays with the progres- sive crowd? Who Does He Think He Is? "When you look at how hard (immigrants) work, are they not, on a certain level, mod- em-day pilgrims? Think about this sneaking into a country to work. "That's like somebody breaking into your house to clean it." That was comedian Jimmy Smith over at a benefit at the Regent Theatre in Arlington recently. I wonder what he would do if someone broke into his ho~ase? Would he hand them a broom or call the cops? What do you think? Charles Barkley ~o Right "My family got aU over me because they said Bush is only for the rich people. Then, I reminded them, "Hey I'm rich." Seare Closing 43 More ~ores Still struggling, Sears said it will close more stores as it tries to turn things around. Eight Scar's stores and 35 K-Mart stores will close. As of April 30th, there were 651 Sears and 624 K-Marts still open. End Quote %Ve aren't worried about posterity; we want it to sound good right now." -- Duke Ellington by Sal Giarratani So Few Know What the American Revolution Was All About "The country needs a revolution If Thomas Jefferson, Samu- el Adams, Patrick Henry, Ben Franklin, and company were alive today, they would most as- suredly be opposed to what is happening in America. America was born from a revolution over ideas that were untested, like creating a government whose foundation is the people. Until their time, governments were created by rulers who lorded over their people like they were insignificant life forms. Read our founding docu- ments. Read the words that cre- ated America: the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. Many folks today think all or some parts of these sacred documents are no longer relevant. These folks must not understand how important in- dividual freedom and economic liberty is for us all. Today, for at least half the country, America's govemment has been as distant from their people as Great Britain was from their 13 colonies. Govern- ment power used to lie with the people, but today the govern- ment has grown so large that it seemingly only serves itself, Powerful forces in Washir gton D.C. now have the ear of the governors, who too often only serve their own vested interests. Americans just celebrated America's birthday with fire- works, parades, and parties. However, do we really under- stand what America has been since its founding or how much sacrifice was made to get to where we are today? President Trump's surprising victory last November was the result of growing frustration of common Americans who want- ed their government back again. Perhaps, Trump isn't the per- fect vessel, but he was the al- ternative to continuing on with LEGAL NOTICE Commonwealth of Massachuaetts The Trial Court Probate and Family Court Middlesex Division 208 Cambridge East Cambridge, MA 02141 (61~ 76~ Docket No, MI1~:3543EA Estate of dAMES G, ANTONIO Date of Death June 8, 2017 INFORMAL PROBATE PUBLICATION NOTICE To all persons interested in the above captioned estato, by Pe'btion of Pel~oner George J. Antonio of Washington, D.C. and Pe~oner Dean L Antonio of Brooklyn, NY. George J. Antonio of Washington, D.C. and Dean L Antonio of Brooidyn, NY have been informally appointed as the Personal Representative of the estate to serve without surety on the bond. The estate is being administered under informal procedure by the Personal Repre- sentative under ~e Massachusetts Uniform Probate Code without supervision by the Coud. Inventory and accounts are not required to be filed with the Court, but interested parties are ent/tled to notice regarding Ihe administration from the Personal RepresentalJve and can )e~on the Court in any matter relating to the estate, including dis~buUon of assets and expenses of administration. Interested par'des are entitled to pe'btfon the Court to institute formal proceedings and to obtain orders ter- minating or restricting the powers of Personal Representatives appointed under infon'nal pro- cedure. A copy of the P~ and Will, if any, can be obtained from ~e Pe~oner. Run date: 7/14/17 every so often to maintain liberty." -- Thomas Jefferson the status quo that was taking America further down a tunnel of darkness. Wouldn't it be nice if Demo- crats and Republicans put America first? Wouldn't it be nice ff the voices on Capitol Hill were actually our voices? None of our rights come from folks in Washington D.C., they come from God, but today many have forgotten God in this mix. Self-important men and wom- en have decided they are Ameri- ca's only voice. They make deci- sions for us, or so they think. We are the sheep, and they are our shepherds. America shouldn't work like that. Government is our business. Either we run it or it runs us. The American government will only be as good as we de- mand or as bad as we allow. That is the true message of the American Revolution, and what those sacrifices at the Battle of Bunker Hill were made for. Why would those 600 American pa- triots face off against 6,000 Red Coats, if not for their liberty and that of their descendants? We can never let those birth- day candles blow out because with them go all the human fights that America worked so hard to obtain. America is a past to remember and a future to mold. LEGAL NOTICE Commonwealth of Massachusetts The Trial Court Suffolk Probate and Family Court 24 New Chardon Street Boston, MA 02114 (617) 788-8300 Docket No. SU17P1278EA Estate of TYRONNE BERTRAND HOWARD Also Known As TYRONNE HOWARD, TYRONNE B. HOWARD Date of Death November 13, 2015 CITATION ON PETITION FOR FORMAL ADJUDICATION To all interested persons: A Petition for Formal Adjudication of Intestacy and Appointment of Personal Representative has been filed by Sandra Howard of Tampa, FL requas~ng that the Court enter a formal Decree and Order and for such other relief as requested in the Pelfiton. The P~r requests that Sandra Howard of Tampa, FL be appointed as Personal ReprasentatJve(s) of said estate to serve on the bond in as unsupendsed adntnislmlion. IMPORTAKr NOTICE Yos hase the right to ofatain a cepy of the PeMion from the Pelltion~ or st the COu You havea right toobjant tothis IXonasding. To do so, you or your attorney must file a written appearance and objection at this Court bafore 10:00 a.m. on tba mtum day of August 17, 2017. This is NOT a hearing date, but a deadline by which you must file a written appearance and objection ff you objest to this proceed. ing. It you fail to flis a timely wrtttan appeer. ance and objection followed by an affidavit of objections within thirty (30) days of the return day, action may be taken without furtbar notice to you. UNSUPERVISED ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE BASSACHUSE'rI'S UNIFORM PROBATE CODE (MUPC) A Personal Representative appointed under the MUPC in an unsupe~'ieed admin- istration is not required to file an invontoW or annual accounts with the CourL Persons integrated in the estste are ontitisd to notice regarding the administration directly from the Personal Representative and may peti- tion the Court in any matter relating to the estate, including the distribution of assets and expenses of adminisb'stion. wrrNESS, HUN. JOAN P. ARMSTRONG, Rrst Justice of this Court. Date: July 6, 2017 Tern K]ug Cafazzo, Register of Probate Run date: 7/14/17