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July 15, 2011     Post-Gazette
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mllllMgmmlu Page2 POST-GAZETTE, JULY 15, 2011 THE PATHETIC GALBA Following his tour of duty as a governor in Africa, Galba returned to Rome and lived in partial retirement until midway in the reign of Nero. It was said that he was so concerned about being required to leave the coun- try on short notice that he never went away from his villa for any reason without taking about $50,000 dollars in gold with him in a second carriage. This precaution apparently served him well because one day while vis- iting in Spain, he accepted the governorship of a prov- ince in that country and was required to assume his duties immediately. During his initial years as a governor in Spain, he maintained his ener- getic and disciplined charac- teristics, even to the point of being oversevere. He or- dered a moneylender's hands cut off and nailed to the counter of his shop be- cause he was dishonest in business. A man who poi- soned a ward and benefactor was ordered to be crucified. When the man claimed immunity from punishment on account of his Roman citizenship, Galba ordered a taller cross, had it painted white, and continued with the crucifixion. It soon became quite obvious to Galba that any government official who became notorious because of some high degree of profi- ciency or talent was sure to attract the attention of Nero, and any jealousy on the part of the emperor would cer- tainly bring an end to the career and possibly the life of that official. Because of this fear, his activities gradually took on a low pro- file, but the damage had al- ready been done and Galba soon discovered that Nero had secretly ordered his execution. These events happened just about the time that the people were rising up against Nero and before long the emperor was re- ported to have died. The assembled multitudes soon saluted Galba as em- peror and he accepted, de- claring that he was acting as a lieutenant of the Sen- ate and of the people of Rome in order to put an end to the disgraceful tyranny of Nero. He investigated those who had enriched themselves through association with Nero, but most of them had already squandered their ill- gotten wealth. Restitution by confiscations once again became the order of the day. He condemned to death many distinguished men on minor suspicions and with- out the benefit of a trial. He even revoked any grants that Nero had given and made a bungling attempt to tighten the reigns of the economy. This action caused him to be hated by people of every class, but especially so by the soldiers and the Praetorian Guard. His re- fusal to give the gifts, as promised, embittered the soldiers throughout the empire. An uprising soon followed in Rome, but a false report indicated that the trouble was over, the rebels had been killed and the faithful were coming as a group to offer their continued sup- port. This news induced Galba to appear in public where he was quickly aban- doned by his followers, then attacked and butchered by the forces of Salvius Otho. As a Roman emperor and a Caesar, his reign probably ranked with the most pa- thetic of his 104 counter- parts. In person, he was of average height, bald, with a hooked nose. His hands and feet were crippled by rheu- matism or gout, he could not wear shoes or hold a scroll and his skin hung from his bones like a sack. He was a heavy eater and lavish in his tastes, often heaping up the remains of his dinner and leaving them for his at- tendants. Like some of the other Ceasars, he had his share of unnatural sex and in this activity preferred the macho type. He died at the age of 73 and in the seventh month of his reign. NEXT WEEK: Otho Res Publica by David TrumbuU Boston and New England Companies Named to Made in the USA Hall of Fame The Made in the USA Foundation has announced 22 com- panies that have earned a place in the Made in the USA Hall of Fame. The Foundation held an awards dinner Sat- urday, July 2 nd in Santa Monica, California. Among the com- panies honored were two Boston companies: Boston Beer Company -- Brewmeister dim Koch comes from a long line of brewers. In the mid-1980s, Jim got his great-great-grandfather's recipe from his father's attic. Af- ter only six weeks on the market it won the award for Whe Best Beer in America" in the Consumer Preference Poll at the Great American Beer Festival. New Balance - In 1938, New Balance created its first pair of athletic shoes. Today, New Balance is the largest shoe manufacturer in the United States, making 7 million pairs of athletic shoes a year in six factories in Maine and Massachusetts. In addition, four other New England companies made it to the Hall of Fame: Bevin Brothers of Easthampton, Connecticut- The Bevin family has been crafting quality bells for 176 years. Bevin Brothers is the only remaining company manufac- turing bells in the United States. Colt --The Colt 1911, official firearm of the U.S. Army from World War I until the Vietnam era, remains in pro- duction, virtually unchanged for 100 years. Colt is based in Connecticut. Ethan Allen -- In 1936, Ethan Allen manufactured its first Early American style furniture in New England. Today, Ethan Allen is the largest U.S. furniture manufacturer in many styles. Peterhoro Basket -- The Peterboro Basket Company has thrived in the heart of historic Peterborough, New Hamp- shire making high-quality baskets since 1854. Other Made in the USA Hall of Fame companies are: 3M makers of Scotch brand tapes, Annin Flagmakers, Bed Head Pajamas, Chateau Montelena winery, Dilettante Chocolate, Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, H.F. Coors brewery, Harley-Davidson motorcycles, Hart Schaffner & Marx suit-makers, Jack Daniel's Distillery, K'NEX maker of plastic construction toy sets, Milliken & Company textile manufacturer, Nordic Ware kitchenware products, Spacer rocket-maker, Vitamix maker of high- quality blenders, and Whirlpool Corporation maker of home appliances. Niobe Regina di Tebe by Elena Lucco Borlera New Food Trucks Set to Serve Up Tasty Treats on Boston's Streets Healthy Food Initiative Brings Trucks to Mayor Thomas M. Menino today announced that food trucks are ready to serve "wicked good food" on Boston's streets tomorrow with 15 new permanent lo- cations in several neighbor- hoods. The new locations have been approved by the City and the food trucks will rotate between the sites starting July 13. Boston's Food Truck program, unlike in other cities, has desig- nated permanent spots on city streets where food truck vendors can apply to operate. The food trucks will serve a variety of breakfast, lunch and dinner foods from 6:00 AM - 11:00 PM (with a 9:00 PM closing time in some neighborhoods). These new locations are in addition to the food trucks that already operate on City Hall Plaza and on the Rose Kennedy Greenway. "I'm excited that we have been able to designate per- manent spots on city streets for new food truck vendors," Mayor Menino said. "Food trucks are a fun, fresh way for people to enjoy a variety of food, much of it healthy and locally produced." The food trucks will be located in the Back Bay, Bay Village, South End, Fenway, Kenmore Square, Boston University, Dorchester, Bos- ton Marine Industrial Park/ South Boston Waterfront, and the Charlestown Navy Yard. For a map of the public location go to: www.cityof boston.gov / business / mobile / DIVORCE CRIMINAL 230 MSGR. O'BRIEN HIGHWAY LAW OFFICES OF FRANK J. CIANO GENERAL PRACTICE OF LA W WILLS ESTATE PLANNING TRUSTS PERSONAL INJURY * WORKERSCOMP. 617-354-9400 Si Parla Italiano CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02141 15 New Locations publiclocationmap, asp. The following is a list of the 15 initial vendors: Lincoln Street Coffee on the Go, Go Fish, Roxy's Gourmet Grilled Cheese, The Cupcakory, Redbones BBQ, Mobile Home, Savory Food, Staff Meal, The Dining Car, Grilled Cheese (Continued on Page 13) Rapino Memorial Home 9 Chelsea St., East Boston 617-567-1380 Kirby-Rapino Memorial Home 917 Bennington St. East Boston 617-569-0305 Dino C. Manca Funeral Director A Family Sece Affiliate of AFFS/Service Corp. Int'l 206 Winter St. * Fall River, MA 02720 508-676-2454 "Niobe Queen of Tebe" was the centerpiece of the recent Boston Early Music Festival 2011. The play was composed by Agostino Steffani, an Italian composer who lived between the 17 a and 18 t centuries. His play risked being lost in time, as nobody acted it for many years. The BEMF has the merit of keeping alive such masterpieces due to a meticulous re- search of sight and sound, inviting modern audiences to rediscover classics from Steffani's period. The result was a full staged Majestic theatre. The Niobe's character originates from Ancient Greek mythology and Ovidio spoke about the queen in his "Meta- morphosis" as well. She ruled over the city of Thebe with her husband Anfione, and she had many children, but com- mitted the sin of pride. For this reason, she triggered the wrath of the gods, who killed all her children. Anfione took his own life in despair and Niobe turned to stone due to her own torment. Agostino Steffani was born in Castelfranco Veneto, and spent abroad most of his life. He was not only a composer, but also an ecclesiastic and a diplomat. He was inspired from the ancient myth when he composed "Niobe Queen of Tebe," which was first performed at the Munich court theatre dur- ing the carnival season of 1688. This baroque opera master- piece has been recovered by BEMF with meticulous atten- tion. Sumptuous costumes, impressive choreographies, rich set designs and many "deus ex machina" effects gave the spectacle a unique baroque atmosphere. Moreover the tal- ent of soprano Amanda Forsythe in the title role, and of the countertenor, Philippe Jaroussky as King Anfione, carried away a public whose response was a long standing ovation at the end of the performance. i00ll IIIIII Wl|il00Iilll00lllllll 00IINIIIB00 lllliilm111111111100 ii i[[00i ,