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July 15, 2016     Post-Gazette
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July 15, 2016

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PAGE 2 POST-GAZETI'E, JULY 15, 2016 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. MORE ROMAN TEMPLES The gigantic Greek-style columns, from a 4th century restoration following a fire, framed the entrance to the Temple of Saturn. The Temple of Saturn, built the merrymaking surrounding about 284 A.D., faced the Fo- the celebration of the modern rum Magnum Romantum and Christmas season. The Satur- was one of the oldest of thenalia is also said to be the origin sanctuaries. Saturn was the of today's carnival, or the Italian Roman god of Agriculture, and camevale. at one time was believed to be In a completely opposite vein, it a mythical king of very early might be interesting to note that Rome who ruled graciously and in 1497, at the age of twenty- brought civilization and moral- two, Michelangelo completed his ity to this area. A great festival statue of Bacchus, the Roman god was celebrated in December of wine. The Greek counterpart of each year and it was called to Bacchus was Dionysus and the Saturnalia. It started as a feasts consecrated to Bacchus one-day harvest festival that were called Bacchanalia, Diony- later grew to six or seven days. sia, or sometimes Orgia. They It was a period of joy and good were originally nature festivals will. Many banquets were held held in the Spring; later they be- and people visited friends and came occasions for intoxication exchanged gifts. Family slaves and licentiousness, tearing apart were usually given a few days wild animals, eating raw flesh of freedom, seated in placesand savage dancing. The trien- of honor at the family table, nial Bacchanalia or Dionysia of and served fine meals by their Rome served also as an excuse for masters. Historians suggest immorality, and were finally pro- this holiday as influencing hibited by the Senate in 168B.C. The Pantheon was started in 27 B.C. and was completed in 14 A.D. It is the most perfectly preserved of all the ancient buildings in Rome. It was named Pantheon of Deities (Gallery of the Gods) because the dome resembles the curved canopy of heaven. Built during the time of Agrippa and permitted to decay under Titus, it was rebuilt by Hadrian. Its use as a Christian church since 609 A.D. preserved it as a link between the life of the ancient and modern Rome. The internal diameter of the dome and its height both equal one hundred forty-two and one-half feet and required walls twenty feet thick in order to counter the dome's tremendous thrust. For those interested in statistics, the diameter of the dome is thirty-five feet greater than the Church of San Sophia in Istanbul, thirty feet greater than St. Paul's in London, five feet greater than St. Peter's in Rome, and four feet greater than the Cathedral in Florence. The only light entering the Pan- theon is from a twenty-seven foot diameter circular opening in the center of the dome. A hole in the floor drains off any rain that falls through the opening. The ancient bronze entrance doors were originally plated ,with gold, the lower portion of ':the structure was faced with white pentelic marble, and the dome was covered with bronze plates. As mentioned above, this great temple is now a Christian church and is informally called Santa Maria Rotunda. NEXT ISSUE: The Roman Basilicas L i With a Gift Subscription to the Post-Gazette, your /[" generosity will be remembered every week of the year. We'll send the recipient an announcement of your gift. Their subscription will begin with the current issue and continue for one year. % ,.;kom Fill out co_upon below and mail with paYment to: Post-Gazette, PO Box 130135, Boston, MA 02113. ii nlllm Illllll IIIIIIlll IIIIIIIIIm ~ Gill IIIIIIIIIIm IIIIIIIIll i Illlll IIIIIlll ~1 ~ ~11111 ~ i i,Ilit iiiiiiill ~ i ,UlIII iiiiiilll i ~ nnlll illl I would like to send a one year Gift Subscription of the Boston Post-Gazette to the following person(s). I have enclosed $35 per subscription. Recipient Name Giver Name Address Address City State Zip City. State __Zip Governor's Oouncilor Seeks Re-Election Attorney Terrence Kennedy (D-Lynnfield) formally an- nounced his candidacy for re-election to the Governor's Council representing the sixth district, which includes Boston, Cambridge, Lynn, and 17 additional communi- ties. The Primary Election is scheduled for Thursday, September 8~h, and the Gen- eral Election for Tuesday, November 8t". Kennedy has served on the Governor's Council since 2011. During his tenure on the Council, he has voted on over 200 judicial nominations, including three appoint- ments to the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Currently the Council is appointing three new justices to the state's Supreme Court. "I'm proud of my record on the Governor's Council and I have always maintained my commitment to diversity and equality. I have worked with my colleagues to ensure that judicial nominees are properly vetted and appointed to the bench. We have accomplished so much, but there is still work to be done" Kennedy said. Kennedy grew up in Everett and is a graduate of Boston College Law School. He has practiced law for over 30 years. Terry resides in Lynnfield with his wife Cheryl. The Academy of General Dentistry Foundation to Provide Early detection of oral cancer is essential to improving treat- ment options for individuals who are diagnosed with this disease, and general dentists serve as a first line of defense. This is why Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) member dentists will provide free oral cancer screenings on July 15~ and 16~h for the general public during its annual meeting in Boston. During these exams, doctors wiU feel for l~ps or irregular tissue changes in the neck, head, cheeks, and mouth, and look for any sores or discoloration, which may be signs of oral cancer. Interested individuals can simply waLk in. Friday, July 15t~, and Saturday, July 16th, from 7:00 am to 1:00 pm, Hynes Convention Center, 900 Boylston Street, Boston, MA. Academy of General Dentistry The Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) is a professional as- sociation of over 40,000 general dentists dedicated to providing quality dental care and oral health education to the public. AGD members stay up-to-date in their profession through a commit- ment to continuing education. Founded in 1952, the AGD is the second largest dental association in the United States, and it is the only association that exclusively serves the needs and represents the interests of general dentists. A general dentist is the primary care provider for patients of all ages and is responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, management, and overall coordination of services related to patients' oral health needs. For more informa- tion about the AGD, visit taldo riors e Known for Stretching the Boundaries of Color & Design ataldo ,C teriors Offers a Treasure Chest of Home D6cor - Accessories Unique Giftware and Custom Pieces that make Wonderful Gifts and additions to anyone's home. JanetZe C ata/do, an award-winning designer, has a carefully curated collection designed to amuse, delight and inspire you! 42 C ataldo nnteriors Prince Street - Boston's North End Email design @ 857-317-6115