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July 29, 2016     Post-Gazette
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PAGE 2 POST-GAZETTE, JULY 29, 2016 THERMAE, by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. THOSE FABULOUS ROMAN BATHS The word "thermae" is derived from the Greek "thermos" mean- ing hot. The Roman thermae were magnificent structures built for public bath'mg, culture and relaxation, and were indica- tive of a pleasure -loving public. The structures were built and maintained by the emperors in search of popularity and ad- mission was usually free. The thermae probably furnished the inspiration for the latter day Spa, Men's Clubs, Health Clubs and Massage Parlors. People spent many hours at the baths. A visit usually started with a dip in the luke warm pool called the Tepidarium to condition the body for the hot soak in the second pool, which was called the Calidarium. The third, or cold, swimming pool was called the Frigidarium and was unheated. After the hot soak and a swim, the bather could then have a massage, be anointed with exotic skin balms, visit his favorite barber, or have a manicure. Later he watched a wrestling match or other sports event, attended a theatrical per- formance, enjoyed the culture of a good library, listened to a good speaker on the topics of the day, walked down a tree-shaded lane was conveyed to the baths in or sat in a park and enjoyed a bit lead pipes. The water was not Of cheese, a piece of bread and a kept hot all day. About noon glass of wine. each day, a bath-bell sounded The first of these palatial which announced that the bath baths was the Thermae of water was now ready and people Agrippa, opened to the public who liked it hot lost no time in with grand festivities in 21 B.C. having their bath. The Thermae of Titus, about The last of the more famous A.D. 80 was partly built on the baths was the Thermae of Dio- foundations of Nero's Golden cletian, which was built about House on the Esquiline Hill A.D. 302. The Tepidariumofthis Later excavations revealed some structure was converted into the of the greatest art in antiquity. Church of S. Mafia degll Angeli The Thermae of Caracalla, by Michelangelo in 1563. built about A.D. 212 to 220, About sixteen hundred bath- is probably the most famous ers could be accommodated at today. Few visitors leave Rome one time in the Baths of Cara- without buying a package deal calla and about three thousand which includes transportation in the Baths of Diocletian. There and a seat at the opera, magnifi- were also those who were on cently staged under the stars in the grounds but were waiting the ruins of this once majestic for their turn in the bath pools. structure. The original build- Add to this the number of at- hag and grounds covered about tendants, the private servants, thirty three acres. The one vendors of all kinds, sports hundred foot high vaulting over participants, vociferous spec- the Tepidarium inspired the tators, and a goodly number design of the Main Concourse of musicians. Imagine, if you in the original Pennsylvania can, the daffy pandemonium. Railroad Station in New York Imagine too, if you can, what it City. Sixty- four reservoirs in would be like to live in the house the rear of the complex filtered, next door. heated, and stored about two NEXT ISSUE: million gallons of water, which The Roman Aqueducts Happy 12 ls' Anniversary from Joe Boncore State Senator Happy Anniversary & Continued Success ... STATE REPRESENTATIVE Happy 121St Anniversary STATE REPRESENTATIVE DISTRICT 3 .i Sal LaMattina & Family Boston City Councilor - District 1 EAST BOSTON COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION 72 Marginal Street, East Boston, MA 02128 Phone: 617.569.5590 Fax: 617.569.4846 Happy Anniversary Sixth Annual "Girl" Friends of the North End Reunion Start spreading the word ... the 6th GrandReunion will be held on Saturday, September 24, 2016 at 6:30 pm at Filippo's Ristorante, 283 Causeway Street, Boston, MA 02109. (Parking garage is located next to Filippo's Ristorante). The deadline for registration is September, 7, 2016. If you are replying for more than one person, please list her name (include maiden name if applicable) and address. Space will again be limited, so please plan accordingly as we will not be able to honor checks after the deadline date. Please note: only tables of ten may be reserved. For more information and cost, please contact Francine Gannon at 617-742-6912. We look forward to seeing all the "girl" friends of the North End once again on September 24". The Committee: Francine Capodilupo Gannon, Chair; Carole Imngone Catanzaro, Diane Passero Pesaturo, and Christina Penta East Boston Kiwanis Club to Host Guest Speaker Talk About East Boston "Legendary Locals" The Kiwanis Club of East Boston will host guest speaker and East Boston native, Regina Marchi, Ph.D., at the Kiwanis meet- ing set for Tuesday, August 2nd, starting at 6:00 pm, at Spinelli's Function Hall, 282 Bennington Street, East Boston (Day Square). Dr. Marchi will discuss her book Legendary Locals of East Boston and take questions from the audience. She was born and raised in East Boston and is now an Associate Professor in the Depart- ment of Journalism and Media Studies at Rutgers University in New Jersey. Copies of her book will be available for purchase at the meeting. The public is invited to attend. For more information, contact a Kiwanis Club member, including club President Mary Jane Barber at maryjane.barber23@gmail.com. Kiwanis is a global organization of volunteers dedicated to improving the world, one child and one community at a time. The East Boston Kiwanis Club meets every first and third Tuesday at 6:00 pm, at Spinelli's in Day Square, East Boston. 5/app ORNEY MODICA Tel: 617.567.7200 Fax: 617.567.7205 Email: dmodiac@ aol.com David Riccio Gennaro Riccio 296 Hanover Street, North End, Boston 617.523.8915 e. eem. f ii tUam'pttet ili: uu:ma a 617.523.8857 .....