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August 14, 2015

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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, AUGUST 14, 2015 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots, THE APPLES= OF THE HESPERIDES The legend concerning the apples of the Hesperides starts with the marriage of Jupiter, chief of all Roman gods, to the goddess named Juno. The wedding was at- tended by all other deities, who brought beautiful gifts. The grandmother of the bride brought a wedding gift of golden apples growing on live branches. As soon as the ceremonies had ended, the branches were planted in the sacred garden of Juno. The Hesperides, three da- ughters of Atlas, .and a goddess named Hesperis, were directed to cultivate and watch over the grow- ing trees. The golden fruit soon became known as the apples of the Hesperides. The girls were negligent in their duties and frequently plucked off apples for them- selves. Consequently, Juno sent a large serpent to guard the fruit. This monster had a hundred heads that slept at different intervals, so that it was ever watchful. The eleventh task required of Hercules was to bring back to the king, at the city of Tiryns, the apples of the Hesperides. The journey to the sacred garde11 of Juno took Her- cules into the Caucasus Mountains where he came upon Prometheus, still bound to the rock. We re- member Prometheus as the Secondary Titan who stole fire from the gods and gave it to mankind. Later, he dis- This circular Pyxis, or box, depicts two scenes. The one shown presents the Olym- pian gods feasting around a tripod table holding the golden Apple of the Hesperides m The Walters Art Museum. pleased Jupiter, so he was chained to this rock. Each day a giant eagle tore at his liver, which grew whole again each night, The best artistic representation of this legend has been portrayed on an eight-foot- high oil-on-canvas master- piece by Peter Paul Rubens. It is entitled "Prometheus Bound," and is owned by the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Prometheus is also repre- sented in a sculptured wall plaque that is now in the National Museum at Naples, Italy. Hercules shot and killed the eagle; then he freed Prometheus from his bonds. In gratitude, Pro- metheus advised Hercules not to enter the sacred gar- den of Juno, but to send At- las, the father of the Hesperides, to fetch the apples for him. Continuing his outward journey, Hercules finally came to the sacred garden of Juno. It was located near the spot where Atlas was holding the sky on his shoul- ders. Remembering the advice of Prometheus, Her- culesoffered to ~-elieve Atlas of the weight temporarily ff he would gather the golden apples from the garden. Atlas agreed, fetched the apples, and returned shortly there- after. Hercules soon discov- ered that Atlas did not intend to resume his great burden, but instead offered to deliver the apples himself. Having this great weight upon his back prevented Hercules from resorting to any kind of force against Atlas. Using caution and wit, Hercules pretended to agree to the pro- posal of Atlas, but begged him to hold the sky just long enough to permit a pad to be placed on his head. The gull- ible Atlas laid the apples on the ground and took back the sky. As soon as the weight was transferred, Hercules picked up the golden fruit and started his journey back home. After receiving the apples, the king immediately re- turned them to the Hes- perides because it was not considered proper that such sacred fruit remain in any- one else's keeping. NEXT ISSUE: Hercules and the Hellhound R Publica by David TrumbuU MASSFISCAL Sit YS Closing the Union Loophole is a Top Priority for Faimess Advocates as Court Begins Hearing Mass. Campaign Finance Law On February 24% two-Mas- sachusetts companies, in coordination with the na- tionally recognized Gold- water Institute, filed a bold lawsuit seeking to close the "union loophole" in Massa- chusetts campaign finance law, and both plaintiffs in the lawsuit have-connections to the Massachusetts Fiscal Alliance. 1A Auto Inc., a family-owned auto parts re- taller in Pepperell, is run by Rick Green, who is also the chairman of Massachusetts Fiscal Alliance's board of di- rectors. Mike Kane, whose Ashland business, 126 Self Storage Inc., is also part of the suit, serves on Massa- chusetts Fiscal Alliance's board as well. Massachusetts' campaign contribution restrictions are tilted heavily in favor of unions and against busi- nesses. Since 1908, busi- nesses have faced a total contribution ban to state candidates. These special rules allow unions to con- tribute as much as $15,000 to state candidates, while individuals are permitted to contribute up to $1,000. Af- ter unions, have donated $15,000 to a campaign, their political actions com- mittees (PACs) can continue to contribute up to the ordi- nary limits. Meanwhile, business PACs are banned from contributing. Last week, hearings began at Suffolk Superior Court in the lawsuit.filed by busi- nesses owned by Rick Green and Mike Kane to close the so-called union loophole in Massachusetts campaign finance law. Massachusetts is one of only six states with cam- paign finance laws that favor unions. Executive director of MassFiscal" Paul D. Craney said, "Campaign finance law boils down to freedom of speech. It's just not fair to tell businesses they ca/n't participate, while unions and special interest groups pour money into campaigns. We need to level the play- ing field in Massachusetts politics." "Closing the union loop- hole must be the number one priority for advocates of fairness," concluded Craney. According to an article in Boston Magazine, *It's impossible to overstate how much of a major role orga- nized labor plays in Massa- chusetts politics ... Thou- sands of active union mem- bers are the foot soldiers in the always-evolving voter outreach efforts. And they crave their financial donations." The Boston Magazine article cited as a recent example the 2013 mayoral race, when organized labor groups from around the country contributed heavily to the campaign .of now mayor Boston Mayor Marty Walsh. Like in all elec- tions, businesses were for- bidden from participating financially. by John Eudes was "born on November 14, 1601, on a farm near the village of Ri, in Normandy, France, the son of Isaac and Martha Eudes. He went to the Jesuit College at Caen when he was 14 and joined the Con- gregation of the Oratory of France in 1623. He stud- ied in Paris and at Auber- villiers. Eudes was ordained on December 20, 1625, and worked as a volunteer, caring for the victims of the plagues that struck Normandy in 1625 and 1631. He spent the next decade giving Missions, building a reputation as an outstand- ing preacher and confessor and for his opposition to Jansenism. As a mission- ary, Father Eudes became famous and was considered the greatest preacher in France since St. Vincent Ferrer. He was called by Jean-Jacques Olier (French priest, founder of the Soci- ety of Saint Sulpice) "the prodigy of his age." Father Eudes was a mem- ber of the French School of Spirituallty. The French School was not a system or philosophy, but a highly Christocentric approach to spirituality, characterized by adoration, a personal rela- tionship with Jesus, and a Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari rediscovery of the Holy Spirit. He resigned from the Oratorians in 1643 and founded the Congregation of Jesus and Mary (the Eudists) at Caen, composed of secu- lar priests not bound by vows, but dedicated to upgrading the clergy by establishing effective seminaries and to preaching missions. His foundation was opposed by the Oratorians an~ he was unable to obtain Papal ap- proval for it. In 1650, the Bishop of Coutances invited him to establish a seminary in that diocese. The same year, the sisters at his refuge in Caen left the Visitandines and were recog- nized by the Bishop of Bayeux as a new congregation under the name of Sisters of Our Lady of Charity of the Refuge. Father Eudes wrote a num- ber of books remarkable for elevation of doctrine and simplicity of style, among them, The Wondrous Child- hood of the Most Holy Mother of God. Father Eudes founded seminaries at Lisieux in 1653 and Rouen in 1659 and was unsuccessful in another attempt to secure Papal ap- proval of his congregation. In1666, the Refuge sisters received Pope Alexander III's approval as an institute to reclaim and care for penitent wayward women. Father Eudes continued giv- ing missions and estab- lished new seminaries at Evreux in 1666 and Rennes in 1670. He shared with St. Mary Margaret Alacoque the honor of initiating devo- tion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus (he composed the Mass for the Sacred Heart in 1668) and the Holy Heart of Mary, popularizing the devo- tions with his books The Devotion to the Adorable Heart of Jesus (1670) and The Admirable Heart of the Most Holy Mother of God, which he finished a month before his death at Caen on August 19, 1680. Saint John Eudes was beatified April 25, 1909, and canonized in 1925. His feast day is August 19th. * Protection on :Meats (Continued from Page I) outraged and demanded wholesale changes. Laws to inspect meats and the safety of its workers were soon enacted. Sinclair is credited with changing the industry. Do Americans truly have a say about our collective safety of foods? Do we even possess influence over the people we elect to wisely rep- resent us in both houses of the U.S. Congress? I like to think so, because part of me is an eternal optimist. Yet with the passage of the bizarre legislative bills that strip our safety as to where our steaks and chicken come from, I am growing skeptical of the misguided motives of federal-level pub- lic servants. Do they know they're in Congress to serve us? Maybe we should remind them that their responsibili- ties are to the citizens first. RECONDI'flONED APPLIANCES 90 DAY Remember Your Loved Ones The Post-Gazette accepts memorials throughout the year. Please call 617-227-8929