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Page 6 POST-GAZETTE, AUGUST 14, 2015 ALL THAT ZAZZ by Mary N. Di~o Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, Who's the Fairest of Them All? Ciao Bella, Many countries and differ- ent centuries claim the dis- covery of the mirror! How- ever, I found some interest- ing facts on the mirror, a precious tool of beauty and reflection. It can also be an object for dismay, disappoint- ment, and the truth of what is beauty as we see it. The first mirrors in an- cient times were dark col- ored containers of water. Then in Turkey, around 6000 B.C., people started do- ing non-water mirrors with highly polished volcanic glass. Then in Mesopotamia, around 4000 B.C., polished copper mirrors were around. The Chinese were making bronze mirrors in 2000 B.C. Jumping to the sixteenth century, Venice was already well-known for its blown glass. Mirrors were made from glass with a tin/mer- cury backing, producing an extremely similar reflection to what we experience to- day. The Venetians' mirror- making was precious, lucra- tive and top secret, so that a renegade craftsman who tried to sell the formula was assassinated! It's always been said that in this beginning of reflec- tion, the mirror could only be afforded by the wealthy. The materials to make this high-quality mirror and their delicate transport nade for a luxurious e~pense! Lowering the price of the mirror came from the French. When they learned how the Venetian glassblow- ers were making the mirror, they began mass producing them, inevitably lowering the prices in Western Europe. Today, the modern process for making a mirror is called "silvering," ory spraying a thin layer of silver or alumi- num onto the backside of a sheet of glass. However, most mirrors today are made by heating aluminum in a vacuum and bonding it to the cool glass. Mirrors are an important part of our everyday life, including LCD projection, car headlights and beauty of coursel Buona giornata and God bless the United States of America! -- Mary N. DiZazzo- Trumbull Read prior weeks' "All That Zazz" columns at g.~mv.allthatzazz.com. Mary is a third-generation cosmetolo- gist and a Massachusetts distributor of Kosmea brand rose hip o//products. She may be contacted at (978) 470-8183 or mary@mary4nails.com. FACILIT 7 Specializing in the art of celebration Wedding, Anniversary, Quincea~era, Reunion, Birthday, Social and Corporate Events. Convenient location and valet parking makes Spinelli's East Boston the perfect location. We are dedicated to the highest level of service and professionalism to ensure the success of your special occasion. 280 Bennington Street, East Boston, MA Please Call 617-567-4499 spinellis.com THOUGHTS BY DAN ABOUT THIS & THAT with Daniel A. DiCenso CHIANG KAI-SHEK (October 31, 1887, Fenghua, Zhejiang-April 5, 1975, Taipei, Ta'lwan): An Interesting Failure Chiang Kai-shek as leader of the Nationalist Party. Chiang Kai-shek was a political figure plagued by misfortune which continued after his death. Living exiled in Taiwan at the time of his death, he watched his anti- Communist ideals fall apart as Mao Tse-tung took over the country. He is now spo- ken of very little outside of Taiwan, especially in the States where his reign was overshadowed here by our own quarrel with Japan dur- ing WWII. But Chiang Kai-shek was a man with a great love for his country and rose to power with many great things in mind for the future of China. In Taiwan, where he escaped as a refuge during his twilight years, he main- tains a strong fan base (albeit still as a controver- sial figure). Understanding Chiang Kai-shek is para- mount to understanding the development of China. Chiang began his political career at the military acad- emy in Paoting before being sent to Tokyo's Military State College in 1907. In the ensuing years, China went through the Wuchang Upris- ing of 1911 which would end the Qing Dynasty (and by extension the long history of imperial rule), and halted the influx of developments of the West after the Boxer Rebellion, which ultimately lead to the creation of the Republic of China. Chiang then returned to China to fight with the rebel army and gained the support of Sun Yat Sen by 1923 after help- ing Sun regain control of Guangzhou. After the death of Sun Yat Sen in 1925, Chiang began taking steps to nationalize military took control of the Kuomintang. It is at this point that Chiang Kai-shek's legacy begins to darken. Indeed, trouble was brewing in China, this time from an outside enemy. The Second Sino-Japanese War began making some rumblings al- most immediately after Chiang became leader. As late as 1936, Chiang tried to ignore the growth of Japan's empire, preferring to focus, as the leader of the Nation- alist Party, on curbing the growth of Communism within his own borders. Ironically, the growth of Communism in China, which plagued it well into the late 20th century, is of- ten linked directly to Chiang Kai-shek. He became so committed to the National- ist Party and fought so hard to suppress the Communist Party that it became easier for the party to gain sympa- thizers in China who had become fed up with Chiang Kai-shek's pushiness. Be that as it may, Chiang's re- luctance to engage in war- fare with Japan was the in'st time he lost support from his own former allegiants. Chiang in his twilight years. He was thought of as a failure, but China suffered after he was gone. By 1937, however, the threat from Japan de- manded attention and an all- out war broke out between the two countries. Even then, Chiang did not fully take his attention off of the Communist Party in China, having failed to reach a com- promise with them (not entirely his fault as later decades proved how aggres- sive the Communist Party Chiang as a young military leader who helped to the defeat of the Qing Dynasty. was). Even while Japan took over Nanjing and Hankou, Chiang deployed his best soldiers to block Commun- ist advancements in the northwest. It's important to note that after WWII, Chiang Kai-shek became well regarded in the West. Ironically enough, one of the criticisms he did re- ceive from Allied forces was that he didn't do enough to kill the growth of Commu- nism. It's easy to make such an accusation during the start of the Cold War, but harder to understand the position Chiang was in, fighting two threats at the same time, one from inside his country and one outside. Unfortunately for Chiang, the Communist Party of China was only picking up steam after the war and, though Chiang was elected the first president of the Re- public after a new constitu- tion was drafted, he saw the fall of the Nationalist Party as the Communists were gaining support both nation- ally and internationally from neighboring Russia. Amid accusations of corruption and inflated spending, Chiang resigned as presi- dent in 1949. At this point, his Vice President Li Tsung- jen took over, but Chiang began pulling the strings for him, unwilling to give up power completely. This cre- ated strife between the former allies that resulted in Tsung-jen being exiled. In the meantime, negotiations between the Nationals and the Communists became (Continued on Page 12) the country and establish a system of democracy. He be- gan to lead China's nation- ~ ~ alist troops toward a new Mott~:)Gollo unified country, and by 1928 was leader of the newly formed Republic of China, Appraisals (something he played a part /. Sales & Rentals in forming) and, with his 1 y DIAMONDS +,.,, / s o- ex / R eol Es. te l PSTATPJEWELRY / | Bought & Sold | 370NorthStreet Boston MA02]]3 [ Jewelers Exch BIdg) (6] 7) 523-2]00 * FOX (6] 7) 523-3530 Jim (SlZ) j