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August 19, 2011     Post-Gazette
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August 19, 2011

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#je T ,. ' ..... "": ';' / '  i , ,:?ii : ./i, ii " IT-,., ! _ (Formerly LA GAZZETTA del MASSACHUSETTS) MASSACHUSETTS VOL. 115 - NO. 33 BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, AUGUST 19, 2011 $.30 A COPY Madonna della Ca00a 5esti00al Father Claude blesses the image of Madonna della Cava before the procession through the streets of the North End led by long time member Jimmy Cammarata. For additional photos see page 6. (Photo by Rosario Scabin, Ross Photography) This Isn't Bush's War Anymore ' I am so sick and tired of liberal Democrats who won't take President Obama on about Afghanistan, Iraq and to some extent Pakistan and Libya. We are fighting losing battles where Americans keep getting killed for nothing. This isn't the War Against Terror, this is nation- building and this war belongs to Obama. We can't even trust our allies over there. The latest trag- ............ edy a helicopter shot down over Afghanistan kill- ing 38 of which 30 were Americans and 22 of them Navy SEALs. This was the worst day in the 10-year war in that country. When Obama ran for office, he campaigned on ending the wars over there. He hasn't. If anything, ............ '. he's made things worse. Where is U.S. Senator ::: John Kerry, the guy who fought to end the Vietnam War? Why is he so silent on this war being run by a Democrat in the White House? These wars are endless and the Taliban are still more empow- ered than ever. (Continued on Page I0) i , ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY ... USS Constitution Nicknamed "Old Ironsides" by J01 Lorraine Ramsdell, Naval Reserve Office of Information Det. 206, Washington, D.C. The USS Constitution was one of six frigates authorized for construction by an act of Congress in 1794. Joshua Humphreys designed them to be the Navy's capital ships. Larger and more heavily armed than the s.tandard run of frigate, Constitution and her sisters were formidable opponents even for some ships of the line. Built in Boston of resilient live oak, Constitution's planks were up to seven inches thick. Paul Revere forged the copper spikes and bolts that held the planks in place and the copper sheathing that protected the hull. Thus armed, she first put to sea in July 1798 and saw her first service patrolling the southeast coast of the United States during the Quasi-War with France. 'In iIiS("stie was desig- nated flagship for the Medi- terranean squadron under Captain Edward Preble and went to serve against the Barbary States of North Africa, which were demand- ing tribute from the United States in exchange for allow- ing American merchant ves- sels access to Mediterranean ports. Preble began an aggressive campaign against Tripoli, blockading ports and bom- barding fortifications. Finally Tripoli, Tunisia and Algeria agreed to a peace treaty. Constitution patrolled the North African coast for two years after the war ended to enforce the terms of the treaty. She returned to Boston in 1807 for two years of refit- ting. The ship was recom- missioned as flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron in 1809 under Commodore John Rodgers. By early 1812, relations with Great Britain had de- teriorated and the Navy be- gan preparing for war, which was declared June 20. Cap- rain Isaac Hull, who had been appointed Constitution's com- manding officer in 1810, put to sea July 12, without orders, to prevent being blockaded in port. His inten- tion was to join the five ships of Rodgers' squadron. Constitution sighted five ships off Egg Harbor, N.J., July 17. By the following morning the lookouts had determined they were a British squadron that had sighted Constitution and were giving chase. Finding them- selves becalmed, Hull and his seasoned crew put boats over the side to tow their ship out of range. By using kedge anchors to draw the ship forward and wetting the sails down to take ad- vantage of every breath of wind, Hull slowly made head- way against the pursuing British. After two days and nights of toil in the relent- less July heat, Constitution finally eluded her pursuers. But one month later, she met with one of them again -- the frigate Guerriere. The British ship fired the first shot of the legendary battle; 20 minutes later, Guerriere was a dismasted hulk, so badly damaged that she was not worth towing to port. Hull had used his heavier broad- sides and his ship's superior sailing ability, while the British, to their astonish- ment, saw that their shot seemed to rebound harm- lessly off Constitution's hull -- giving her the nickname "Old Ironsides." Under the command of William Bainbridge, "Old Ironsides," met Java, another British frigate, in December. Their three-hour engage- ment left Java unfit for re- pair, so she was burned. Constitution's victories gave the American people a tre- mendous boost of morale and raised the United States to the rank of a world-class naval power. Despite having to spend many months in port, either under repair or because of blockades, Constitution man- aged eight more captures, including a British frigate and sloop sailing in company which she fought simulta- neously, before peace was declared in 1815. After six years of extensive repairs, she returned to duty as flag- ship of the Mediterranean Squadron. She sailed back to Boston in 1828. An examination in 1830 found her unfit for sea, but (Continued on Page 14)