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August 29, 2014     Post-Gazette
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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, AUGUST 29, 2014 Stir00 Nostra by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. Temple Saturnus is the proper Latin name for the Roman god, Saturn, who was the subject of this column last week. He was considered to be a mythical king of Italy, who introduced agriculture and civilization into that country. The Romans iden- tified Saturn with the Greek god Cronus. They also made Saturn the father of Jupiter (thunder and lightning}, Neptune {sea}, Pluto {lower world}, and Juno {wife of Jupiter}. The reign of this mythical king is said to have been a golden age for Italy, and especially for the ab- origines {earliest known in- habitants of that country}. The legend of Saturn tells us that he came to Italy dur- ing the reign of the god Janus and was hospitably received. Saturn formed a settlement on the Capitoline SATURNUS of Saturn Hill (one of the famous Seven Hills of Rome), which at that time was called the Saturnian Hill. He taught his people agriculture, sup- pressed their savage mode of life, and introduced civiliza- tion and morality. He and his reign became so popular that the whole country was called Saturnia, or "The Land of Plenty." Saturn was suddenly taken from this mortal world and ascended to the abode of the gods. Because of this incident, we are told that the part of Italy which is now called Latium (Tivoli, Frascati, Subiaco, Anagni, Viterbo, Caprarola, Toscan- ella, Fossanova, and Ostia), received its name from "Lateo," which means "To live a retired life." The remains of the Temple of Saturn still overlook the rostrum in the Forum Romanum. There are now only eight Ionic columns standing on a huge concrete base. It was originally built in 497 B.C., rebuilt about 284 A.D., and is one of the oldest sanctuaries surround- ing that Forum. Here, under the protection of Saturn, they kept the standards, or flags of their legions, and a very f0rmhl ceremony was required whenever those standards were removed or returned to their vault. A secret chamber below the temple held the public trea- sury, a store of gold and silver to be used "only in case of extreme need. This temple was also used as the archives for the bronze tablets containing the en- graved decrees of the Roman Senate. The statue of Saturn which stood in his temple was hollow and filled with oil. Some historians say that this represented the abun- dance of olives in Latium. Also, the feet of Saturn's statue were wrapped in a rib- bon made of wool. This ref- erence to oil and wool recalls to my mind the last part of the proper ancient Roman wedding ceremony. Before entering her new home, the Roman bride tied some wool around the doorposts and then anointed it with oil to signify health and plenty. NEXT WEEK: Uranus, god of the heavens Saint Patricia by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari possibly a descendant of Constantine the Great. Wishing to escape a marriage arranged by Constans II, she went to Rome, there she received the veil from Pope Liberius. Upon the death of her father, she Not much is known about Saint Patricia, her deeds transferred only orally throughout the centuries. St. Patricia was born in Constantinople in the seventh century, tradition states that she was noble; returned to Constan-tinople, where she renounced any claim to the imperial crown and distributed her wealth to the poor. She then planned to go on pilgrimage to Jerusa- lem. En route to Jerusalem, a terrible storm shipwrecked her off the shores of Naples where she took shelter on the island of Megarides where the present day Castle dell'Ovo is situated. With her friends, she decided to estab- lish a prayer community in Naples and spent her life helping the needy of the city until her death in 665. Saint Patricia along with Saint Gennaro are the patron saints of Naples. Saint Patricia's feast day is cel- ebrated on August 25 ul. Like Saint Gennaro, It is said that a vial of her blood liquefies periodically. Sunday Brunch Buffet * I lam-2pm $16.95 Voted Best Brunch Come try our famous clam chowder! Join us for the BOSTON CHOWDER CRAWL! TOM PITTMAN SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 13TH 543 N Shore Road Revere, MA 781.629.3798 SL /00tb'ia?l "TAVARES" Headlining Annual Italian Feast of sA,.Ts C0SMAS DAM,AN September 6:th ,th& 7 -- East Cambridge! Tavares It is that time of year, when the streets of East Cambridge will come alive for the 88 th " nual Italian Feast of Saints Cosmas and Damian. The feast will be celebrated on Warren Street in East Cambridge. As always, there will be a food festival, pa- rades, amusement rides, "Frozen" movie characters Elsa and Anna, carni- val games, antique cars, street performers, Red Sox World Series trophies, and live entertainment throughout the weekend. There will also be a special healing service on September 6 th. The feast headliners are Grammy Award winners, "TAVARES"! They will be singing their many hits includ- ing, Don't Take Away the Music, More Than a Woman, and Heaven Must Be Missing An Angel. Like all Feast entertainment, this is a free show. Show up early and bring your chairs. This year's entertainment schedule has something for everyone. Performers include local oldies band The Reminisants, Ambrosiani, Sinatra Show by Chris Jason, and Boston's own SeaBreeze featuring Stephen Savio. In addition, this year's Feast has food options for every taste as a "food festival" will be created on Warren Street. Food vendors include: Volare Restaurant of Revere, East Side Grille of East Cambridge, Bueei's of Everett, Captain's Fried Calamari and Cherry Stones, the Cannoli Girl, Atwoods Tavern, Buddy's Dipped Fruits, Coca-Cola Beverages, Noonan's Ice Cream and Concessions, Carpenito Concessions and traditional feast fare such as sausages, steak tips, tripe, aranc.ini, kabobs, cotton candy, fried dough, popcorn, slush, steak & cheese, fries, and everyone's favorite -- fried oreo cookies! Don't forget to join us for feast favorite -- the Annual Cannoli Eating Contest. This is a popular addition to our feast! Come join in the contest or cheer on your favorite competitor Saturday night. A special feature will be the memorable, Operation Home Ties - "Faces of Remembrance" Float that will be on dis- play throughout the Feast. This float memorializes all of our fallen heroes since 9/11/01. Each person who has per- ished was drawn on this float by Gina Johnson, who will be with the float both days. This moving exhibit is not to be missed. There will also be a Feast Mass celebrated by Bishop Peter Ugilietto at St. Francis of Assist Church on Cam- bridge Street at 9:30 am on Sunday. At 1:00 pm that same day there will be a Grand Procession through the streets of East Cambridge and East Somerville with marching bands, floats, trolleys and the Saints. The parade will ar- rive back on Warren Street at 7:00 pm for a large celebra- tion. There will also be four radio stations at the feast and activities throughout this fun filled weekend. This is a great event for all ages. Play a game, watch a parade, try some great food, listen to music, go on a ride and have a great time! Feast hours are 2:00 pm to 11:00 pm on Saturday, September 6 th and 1:00 pm to 10:00 pm on Sunday, September 7 th. For more information call 617-661-1164 or visit www.cosmas-and-damian.org. See you at the Feast! For events going on in Massachusetts ........... this FALL, visit the Maschusetts Office of Travel & Tourism Web site at ;massvation,com, :/ f