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September 8, 2017

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PAGE 2 POST-GAZE'B'E, SEPTEMBER 8, 2017 Marcus Salvius Otho, the sev- enth emperor of Rome, was also the eighth Caesar. He was born on April 23, 32 A.D. During his early childhood, he was so wild and unruly that his father often had to discipline him by flog- ging. Later in his adult years, he pretended love for an older but influential woman in the court of Nero and used her to worm his way into the emperor's good graces. It is said that either because of similarities in char- acter or immoral interests, Otho became a favorite of Nero and this contact helped him to keep informed on all of the imperial plans and secrets. Their close- ness was such that Nero and Otho even shared the same mis- tress, who was named Poppaea Sabina. She had been separated from her husband and was living with the emperor. For some unexplained reason, she was turned over to Otho wilo seduced her, arranged a falte marriage, and shortly thereafter they fell deeply in love. Otho then refused to let Nero or his messengers near her, and even when the emperor stood at Otho's front door, demanding the return of his mistress, the door was slammed in his face. The crafty Nero then annulled the marriage, which he thought to be genuine, appointed Otho to the office of Governor of Lusitania (present Portugal), and recovered the mistress. Poppaea Sabina is the woman that was kicked to death by Nero at a later time because she complained about the emperor spending too much time at the chariot races.. Otho performed his appointed task with remarkable modera- tion and integrity for about ten years. During the final months of Nero's reign, Galba appeared by Prof. Edmund TurieUo A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ..................... ancestry.., our lineage ... our roots. OTHO A bust depicting Otho to be the people's choice as a successor, and Otho chose the opportunity for revenge by supporting the cause of Galba. Otho gave gifts of money to many soldiers, missed no opportunity to flatter or shower his attention on dignitaries, and when Galba ascended'the throne, considered himself to be the prime candidate for adoption by the new emperor. Galba, however, selected a man named Piso. There were at least seventeen men named Piso who had attained varying degrees of fame during ancient times. This unfortunate heir to the Roman Empire was named Piso Liciuia- nus and he enjoyed his heirdom for only four years while Otho induced the Praetorian Guard to rise against Galba and assas- sinate him. Shortly after Galba's death, Otho entered the Senate and briefly explained what had happened, but declared that he had been carried off by the soldiers and forced to accept the rule. Strangely enough, once he had established himseK on the throne, he repaired and reset many of Nero's damaged statues, reinstated many of that emperor's administrators, and appropriated about two and one half million dollars for repairs or renovations of Nero's Golden House. About the time that all of this was happening, the Roman legions that were in Germany swore their allegiance to Vitel- lius. As soon as this news reached Otho, he persuaded the Sentate to send a delegation to info)rm Viteliius that an emperor had already been selected and to negotiate a peaceful settle- ment. It soon became clear that Vitellius would have no part of Otho, and marched his legions toward Rome. With character- istic rashness, Otho decided to engage the forces of Vitellius in a decisive battle as soon as possible and was victorious in three minor clashes. Finally, as peace talks were about to begin, Otho's defenders were treacher- ously attacked and defeated, and this is when he decided to take his own life in order to avoid further bloodshed. After exchanging good-byes with relatives and burning per- sonal papers, Otho put a dag- ger under his pillow and slept soundly that evening. At day- break he stabbed himself under the left breast and was dead at the age of thirty-eight after only ninety-five days of reign. Otho was never considered to be a man of great courage. He was of average height, bowlegged, and slightly feminine in the care of his person. His body hairs had been plucked out arid he wore a wig. Strangely enough, many soldiers wept because of his death, some kissed his hands and feet as he lay dead, while others slew themselves beside his coffin. NEXT ISSUE: Vitellius Teenage Republicans Of Massachusetts Joining High School Democrats in Supporting The Teenage Republicans of Massachusetts, an organiza- tion of Republican students, has joined with the Massachu- setts High School Democrats to strongly endorse the H.2016 civics education bill, introduced to the State House by Represen- tative Linda Dean Campbe11. The bill integrates student-led and project-based civics edu- cation into existing curricula. It seeks to correct the drastic deficiencies in civic education in Massachusetts schools and empower students to become involved in our democracy. For years, there has been a painful lack of civics educa- tion in Massachusetts's public schools. There are few schools that offer any kind of govern- ment or citizenship classes, let alone have civics programs and activities. This has made for weaker public education, a weaker level of political involve- ment in younger people, and a weaker democracy. Two months ago, the Mas- sachusetts High School Demo- crats (MAHSD), an organization of hundreds of students from across the Commonwealth, publicly endorsed H.2016 in the Statehouse. Members of the organization testified in front of the State House Committee on Education and have been campaigning for the passage of the bill, discussing it with lawmakers, and working to give the bill more media vis- ibility. The Teenage Republicans of Massachusetts (MATARS), a similarly student-led organiza- tion, recently began their own effort in support of the bill Mike Brodo, Chairman of the Teenage Republicans of Massa- chusetts, attested that: ~While I firmly believe that our genera- tion has the capacity to become a leader of progress in the politi- cal world, students must be aided by civics education and engagement. Without an apt knowledge and understanding regarding how our political sys- t'em works, it wiU be very difficult to make the changes needed for progress and cooperation in the years to come." Michael Baick, Chairman of the Massachusetts High School Democrats, adds: "The joint support of the MAHSD and the MATARS highlights just how critical this legisla- tion is for our democracy. The need for civics education and engagement transcends parti- san squabbles." Education reform is a bipar- tisan issue, and civics lies at the core of both education and democracy itself. Students from across the political spectrum agree that civics education needs a radical overhaul, and H.2016 is crucial to getting the ball rolling. Changes in Polling Locations for September 26th & November 7th Municipal Elections W-P CC DIST. t -4 D1 1-5 D1 CURRENT LOCATION Maverick Landing 31 Liverpool St., East Boston NEW LOCATION Paris St. Community Center 112 Paris St., East Boston 3-4 D1 Knights of Columbus Case Maria Apartments 41 North Margin St., North End 130 Endicott St., Boston (Community Room) 3-8 D2 Metropolitan Community Room, Wang YMCA of Chinatown 38 Oak St., Chinatown 8 Oak St. West, Chinatown (Gymnasium) 7-10 D3 Uphams Comer Health Center Uphams Crossing 636 Columbia Rd., Dorchester 530 Columbia Rd., Dorchester (Community Room) 13-5 D3 Strand Theater Uphams Crossing 543 Columbia Rd., Dorchester 530 Columbia Rd., Dorchester (Meeting Room) 10-7 D6 John F. Kennedy Elementary School Julia Martin House 7 Bolster Street, Jamaica Plain 90 Bickford St., Jamaica Plain (Community Room) 14-12 D4 Berea SDA Academy Metropolitan Baptist Church 14-13 134 800 Morton St., Mattapan 393 Norfolk St., Boston (Womack Hall) 8-5 D7 Orchard Garden Community Center Salvation Army Ray & Joan Kroc 2 Dearbom St., Roxbury Community Center 650 Dudley St., Dorchester (Room W-101, Village Hall 1 & 2) 8-6 D3 Vine St., Community Center Salvation Army Ray & Joan Kroc 8-7 D7 339 Dudley St., Roxbury Community Center 650 Dudley St., Dorchester (Room W-101, Village Hall 1 & 2) If you have any question or concems, please contact the Boston Election Department at 617-635- VOTE, election @ boston, gov, or visit Bos ton. gov/elections. N END ING 5 PRINCE STREET NORTH END BOSTON, MA 02113 Quality Printing for all your Commercial and Personal Needs m COMPETITIVE PRICES m 9