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September 11, 2015

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t ) POST-GAZETTE, SEPTEMBER 11,2015 Page7 THOUGHTS BY DAN ABOUT THIS 8< THAT with Daniel A. DiCenso EMPEROR HIROHITO (Tokyo, Japan, April 29, .1901-Tokyo,. Japan, January 7, 1989): .... War Cnmt l or Puppet? ; crimes, which seems to ....................................... ........................ the starting point of discus- sion, especially sirlce under the imperial constitution ................ ........... "The Emperor has the s~i- preme command of the Ariny and the Navy." ~ Emperor Hlrohito in full uniform. Of all the world leaders pitted against the United States during the Second World War, the least dis- cussed in the United States is Emperor Hirohito. Sure, he was mocked a lot during the war years, but in an interest- ing variation from the other two leaders. Disdain for the other Axis forces was con- fined to Hitler and Mussolini rather than the nations they represented. Curiously, in the case of Hirohito, anger was directed more toward the armed forces of Japan with little mention of the emperor himself in the rhetoric. This inspired the thesis of this article. To what degree, if any, was Hirohito invoh, ed or even aware of the atroci- ties the Japanese Army was committing around the world? It's become a favorite talking point for historians, with a sizeable portion say- ing he was directly involved in many of the massacres and human rights abuses committed by Japan and any pause he may have given to actions such as Pearl Harbor were merely strategic rather than motivated by a desire for peace. The other camp firmly believes he was largely in the dark and has evidence to of- fer corroborating this. Before we start exploring this mystery, however, it's important to remember that even after the war he was al- lowed to remain emperor by the Allied forces. At the same time, such facts often bring up bigger more complex is- sues that ultimately say more about other nations than Hirohito himself. Nonetheless, the emperor was never . tried for war Indeed, as early as 1938, documents prove Hirobito authorized the use of poison gas produced by Unit 731 (an experimentation camp for biological and chemical weapons) almost 400 times during the battle of Wuh :an, which resulted in the death of 225,000 Chinese': and 107,000 Japanese.~ ! Unit 731 was no small crime. It was expanded by the Emperor himself under im- perial decree ~ in "1936 in Pingfang for the~,purpose To this day, historians disagree as to the extent of Hirohito's involvement in Japan's war crimes. of advancing weaponry. The test subjects were Chinese prisoners, of whom 3,000 to 12,000 eventually died. Hirohito was not in favor of attacking Pearl Harbor and regretted Japan's offense for the rest of his life. Indeed, the outcome was exactly what he feared it would be, but that proves that, if nothing else, he was a clever military strat- egist. The perceived strength of this argument, however, was what may have spared Hirohito .facing a judge for war crimes as did Prime Minister Tojo. However, his pardon and privilege of main- taining his status after the war is not necessarily an indication of innocence. Japan and the United States now had a common enemy, 978-4s3-74 - - His significance to the United States is demon- strated by his gracing of the cover of T/me. the growing Soviet threat and the emperor of a nation that was still Hcking its wounds from the Russo-Japanese War at the turn of the century was the perfect pawn. And yet, there are wrinkles in the fabric that prevent us from drawing easy answers about Emperor Hirohito. He strongly wanted to keep Japan from aligning itself with Axis powers. Here is where he seems to have lost control of the army. The Japanese army had grown very strong and very powerful as the Em- pire of Japan grew bigger and mightier. He may have given up trying to control a free- ranging beast like the Japa- nese military or he simply saw-no need to intervene much until the dropping of the A-bomb. In either case, the United States saw something in the man that made it worth our while keeping him on our side. He may have been a valuable symbol for the new Japan that grew out of the ashes of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, or he may have been a puppet who now sim- ply changed hands from the Japanese to the . United States Army. Truth is, after all, in the eye of the beholder. LEGAL NOTICE Commonwealth of Massachusetts The Trial Court Middlesex Probate and Family Court 208 Cambridge Street Cambridge, MA 02141 (617) 768-5800 Docket No. MII5D2781DR DIVORCE SUMMONS BY PUBLICATION AND MAILING HADIA SHAiBI VS. MARWANE KOUCHAOUI To the Defendant: The Plaintiff has flied a Complaint for Divorce requesting that the Court grant a divorce for Irretrievable Breakdown of the Marriage lB. The Complaint is On file at the Court. An Automatic Restraining Order has been entered in this matter preventing you from taking any action which would negatively impact the current financial status of either party. SEE Supplemental Probate Court Rule 41 I. You are hereby summoned and required to serve upon Hadia Shaibi, 599 Pleasant St., Apt 18, Malden, MA 02148 your answer, if any, on or before October 13, 2015. If you fail to do so, the court will proceed to the hearing and adjudication of this action. Yoti are also required to file a copy of your answer, if any, in the office of the Register of this Court. WITNESS. lION. EDWARD F. DONNELLY, JR., First Justice of this Court. Date: September 1, 2015 Tara E. DeCristofaro, Register of Probate Run date: 9/11/15 Let's Design It[ by Jeanette Cataldo Let's Talk Exposed Brick Walls ... Just about every condo or apartment I go into in the North End features an exposed brick wail. Exposed brick walls are so versatile. They are an instant "accent wall." They can work with so many styles: Urban, Shabby Chic, European, Industrial, Mod- ern or Traditional. For a Modern look, paint the brick cream and the woodwork dark. Add some industrial lighting with a cream shag area rug. Keep the furnishing neutral and finish this look with darker side tables and accents. The traditional exposed red brick works well with leather furniture and trunks for tables. Architectural elements such as Barn doors and vibrant artwork complete thi~ look. Traditional red brick vs. painted brick. Light brick - dark woodwork. 'Add just a frame on a Traditional red brickwith brick wall - great accent! leather furniture. Painted brick with neutral furnishing and a shag rug. Need assistance putt#~g it all together? Call for a design consultation or stop by CATALDO INTERIORS HOME 42 Prince Street, Boston, MA 02113 857-317-6115 +