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September 12, 2014     Post-Gazette
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September 12, 2014

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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, SEPTEMBER 12, 201 4 Stir e by Prof Edmund Turiello  '. ' A weekly column highlighting some ,g  ,w l,.j ,ag , of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. THE Uranus The primary Titans of Greek mythology were brought into being through the union of Uranus TITANS OF MYTHOLOGY (Heaven) and Gaea (Mother Earth). In other words, Heaven and Earth reigned supreme and then combined their powers to form the Titans, the elder gods. Oceanus, the first born of the Titans, became god of the stream named Oceanus, and he dwelt in a grotto beneath if. He married the sea goddess named Tethys, and that union produced the gods of all the rivers on earth in addition to 3,000 ocean nymphs.. When mov- ing from place to place, Oceanus traveled through the air on a winged monster called a hippogriff. This creature had the head of an eagle and the body of a horse. Coeus was the second born of the Titans. His union with Phoebe, the goddess of Star- massDOT THE MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND THE BOSTON REDEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (BRA) Invite you to the second public meeting on the Central Artery Ramp Parcel Study TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2014 6-8 PM at the BRA (Boston City Hall, 9th Floor, BRA Board Room) MassDOT is required to consider options for covering the open ramp portions of Central Artery/Tunnel Parcels 6, 12 and 18 along the Rose Kennedy Greenway, resulting from environmental commitments made as part of the Central Artery/ Tunnel project. MassDOT and BRA officials have initiated a study to define potential cover alternatives and kicked off the work at an initial public meeting that was held on June 26 t". At this next public meeting, staff from MassDOT and the BRA, along with their consultant team, will provide an update on current and planned study activities, present information on existing conditions and potential redevelopment options, and also offer the public an opportunity to provide input on potential alternatives for the ramp parcels. Visit our project website at http://tiny, cc/RampParcelStudy If you have any specific questions, please contact: John Romano Legislative Liaison, MassDOT emaih Lauren N. Shurtleff Senior Planner, BRA emaih This meeting space is accessible to people with disabilities. If you need a reasonable accommodation (such as American Sign Language Interpreters, assistive listening devices, handouts in alternate formats, etc.) and/or language assistance to fully participate, please contact John Romano at MassDOT at or 857-368-8905 before September 20th. Such accommodations will be provided free of charge. Gaea light, produced two daugh- ters that were named Aste- ria and Leto. After maturity, Asteria turned herself into a quail and plunged into the sea in order to escape the advances of Zeus. Leto even- tually became the mother of Apollo and Artemis (Minerva), two of the most famous divinities in the entire Greek Pantheon. Hyperion, the original sun- god united with Theia to produce the sun gods, Helios or Sol, the moon goddesses, Selene or Luna, and the goddess of dawn or morn- ing, Enos or Aurora, lapetus, who was regarded' as the ancestor of the human race, married the daughter of Oceanus, to produce Prome- theus, Atlas, and Epime- theus. Prometheus became the savior of mankind (in mythology), Atlas, bore the sky on his shoulders, and Epimetheus became the husband of Pandora. The Titaness Mnemosyne was the Greek goddess of memory. By Zeus, she became the mother of the nine Muses. Originally, they were the nymphs of springs, whose waters gave inspira- tion to all who bathed in them. They are listed as 1. Calliope, the Muse of epic poetry and eloquence; 2. Clio, the Muse of history; 3. Euterpe, the Muse of Lyric, song; 4. Thalia, the Muse of comedy and rustic poetry; 5. Melpomene, the Muse of tragedy; 6, Terpsichore, the Muse of dancing; 7. Erato, the Muse of erotic poetry; 8. Polymnia, the Muse of sacred songs and 9. Urania, the Muse of astronomy. NEXT ISSUE: Cronus, Father of the Gods I DRIVERS: CDL-A. 1 Average $52,000 per yr, plus. Excellent Home Time + Weekends. Monthly Bonuses up to $650. 5,000w APU's for YOUR Comfort + E-Logs. Excellent Benefits. 100% no touch. 877-704-3773 For more information, call 617-227-8929. I00es Publica by David Trumbull Constitution Day and Citizenship Day "September1 7 th is designated as Constitution Day and Citizenship Day [to] commemorate the formation and signing on September 17, 1787, of the Constitution and recognize all who, by coming of age or by naturalization, have become citizens."-- (36 U.S.C.106) We are accustomed to think of the United States as a relatively young nation. It was just a bit over 500 years ago that Christopher Columbus, from the Republic of Genoa on the Italian peninsula, discovered the New World. And even less' time since the planting of the 13 colonies that would become the United States. And yet we operate under the second oldest written constitution in the world. (Quiz, what nation has the oldest written constitution still in force?) Our Constitution is claimed to be the world's shortest. I can believe it[ Certainly it is much, much shorter than the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. But then, unlike the Massachusetts Constitution, our nation's fundamental law has not been frequently amended. In 224 years there have been but 27 amendments adopted. The stability of our Constitution over time is even more evident when we remember that the first ten amendments -- the Bill of Rights -- were ratified shortly after entry into force of the Constitution. In fact, the promise of prompt passage of such a Bill of Rights was one of the arguments the Federalists made for adopting the Constitution, so much so that those first ten amendments may be thought of as being practically part of the original text. That leaves but 17 changes made in the period 1795 to 1992 -- nearly 200 years, or, on average, between one and two per decade. Addressing his fellow Americans on September 17, 1796, George Washington spoke of our national unity and pride as free Americans living under a Constitution at the time not yet a decade old, saying: "Citizens, by birth or choice, of a common country, that countryhas a right to concentrate your affections. The name of American, which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of patriotism ..." and he expressed his desire "that the free Constitution ... maybe sacredly maintained; that its administration in every department may be stamped with wisdom and virtue; that, in time, the happiness of the people of these States, under the auspices of liberty, may be made complete by so careful a preservation and so pru- dent a use of this blessing as will acquire to them the glory of recommending it to the applause, the affection, and adop- tion of every nation which is yet a stranger to it." On September 17 th, all citizens, by birth or choice (to borrow Washington's beautiful phrasing) are called .on to commemorate the signing of our federal Constitution and the blessings of liberty under our Democratic Republic. Quiz answer: The Republic of San Marino, an independent state on the Italian peninsula surrounded entirely by the Republic of ltaly has the oldest written constitution still in force, dating to 1600. 00PINELLIS Specializing in the art of celebration Wedding, Anniversary, Quinceafzera, Reunion, Bir}hday, Social and Corporate Events. Convenient location and valet parking makes Spinelli's East Boston the perfect location. We are dedicated to the highest level of service and professionalism to ensure the success of your special occasion. 280 Bennington Street, East Boston, MA Please Call 617-567-4499 eral Trade Commission works forthe consumer to prevent fraud and deception. Call 1-877-FTC-HELP (1-877-382-4357) or log on to