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Page 2 / , / POST-GAZETTE, OCTOBER 10, 2014 St" lr Edmund Turiello Nln gfra ,L I  ,.J ID,,L , of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. i i i HEUOS AND SOL We know Helios as the Sun god, son of the Titan, Hyperion, and brother to Selene or Luna, goddess of the moon, and Eos or Aurora, goddess of the morning. The Roman counterpart to Helios was called Sol. This sun god was usually represented as strong, handsome, and in the prime of his youth, with bright eyes, waving locks of hair and a crown of rays upon his head. Every morning he arose from the ocean, far to the east, and then climbed into the heavens on a chariot drawn by four white horses that were breathing light and fire as they as- cended. The horses were named Aethiops, Bronte, Eoos, and Sterope. During the late part of the day, Helios started his descent so that by dusk he was sinking into the western seas with his chariot and horses. While he slept, his horses also rested, and together they were all carried around the earth below the horizon, back to the east in a golden boat. Helios was called the all- seer because his rays pen- etrated everywhere, making him a witness to all worldly happenings. He was also called "The revealer of all that is done on earth." And was often invoked as a wit- ness to oaths and solemn declarations. The island of Trinacria (Sicily) at one time harbored seven flocks of sheep and Happy Columbus Day from AARON MICHLEWITZ STATE REPRESENTATIVE  DISTRICT 3 CARLO BASILE STATE REPRESENTATIVE lsTSUFFOLK DISTRICT I seven herds of cattle. There were fifty animals in each flock or herd making a total of 700, which number recog- nized the 700 days and nights of the lunar year. It was the pleasure of Helios to look down upon these animals on his daily journey across the heavens. Their numbers were not to be increased nor dimin- ished, otherwise his wrath would descend upon all mor- tals. The homeward journey of Odysseus, hero of Homer's Odyssey, took his party close to this island of Trinacria, but he did not in- tend to stop. His compan- ions, however, in need of rest and refreshment, pleaded for one night ashore. Odysseus yielded, but only after binding them to an oath not to touch one of the ani- mals in the sacred herds, and to be content with their own provisions. Contrary winds detained the travelers at the island for one month. During that time they kept their oath, consumed their own provisions, and hunted only birds and fish. Famine finally pressed the voyagers and one day in the absence of Odysseus they slaughtered some of the sa- cred cattle. A vain attempt to make amends caused them to prepare an offering to Helios. When Odysseus returned, he was horror struck at their deed. The animal skins crept along the ground and the joints of meat dropped off the spits while roasting. The wind soon became fair and the party left the island. Before they had gone very far, the weather changed and a se- vere thunderstorm wrecked the vessel. Odysseus clung to some floating debris and was able to get to shore but all of his companions perished. Helios and Sol were wor- shipped in many places, and festivals were dedicated in their honor. According to the Roman historian, Pllny, the most celebrated of all colos- sal statues in ancient Greece was the bronze colos- sus of Helios at Rhodes, by Chares of Lindus, who gave twelve years to casting the statue. Its height has been given as somewhere be- tween 90 and 120 feet. It stood for about fifty-six years until it was toppled by an earthquake and ruined. Believe it or not, the re- mains were sold to a junk dealer as scrap metal. The Romans identified Helios with their god Sol, as previously mentioned. A public sacrifice was held in his honor on august 8 th of each year. During later times, however, the intro- duction of the Persian god Mithras brought the worship of the sun to Rome in grand fashion. NEXT WEEK: Heliopolis Res Publica by David Trumbull Monday we celebrate Columbus Day in honor of his historic voyages that opened communication, commerce, and migration between the Old World of Europe and the New World of the Americas. Columbus' voyages of dis- covery led directly to Spanish settlements. The New World that became, with time, the many Latin-American nations of South, Central and North America and the islands of the Caribbean. The United States, today a sea-to-sea continen- tal nation with citizens and residents whose ancestors lived in every corner of the globe, likewise traces her beginnings to Columbus. As early as 1738 "Columbia" had entered the English tongue as a name for the 13 British colonies in North America that became our original 13 States. Yes, from the birth of our nation it was understood that it all started with Columbus. That's why Columbus matters. Free Drop-In Family Days at the Umbrella Community Arts Center The Umbrella Community Arts Center invites families throughout the area to drop in and unleash their cre- ativity during Free Drop-ln Family Days, a series of monthly arts and crafts workshops for families spon- sored by the Concord, Carlisle, Lincoln, and Maynard Cultural Councils. The workshops offer fami- lies a fun, affordable, after- noon of creative and artis- tic exploration. Projects are designed and taught by The Umbrella's talented instruc- tors and use a variety of materials, mediums, and artists' tools. Free Drop-in Family Days art projects are intended to take 30 to 60 minutes to complete. Fami- lies can drop in any time from l:00 PM to 3:30 PM, and each Drop-in Day ends at 4:00 PM. Upcoming Drop-in Days are scheduled for Monday, October 13th; Saturday, No- vember 8 th and Saturday, December 13 th. This program is supported in part by grants from the Con- cord, Carlisle, Lincoln and Maynard Cultural Councils, local agencies which are sup-' ported by the Massachusetts Cultural Council, a state agency. Happy Columbus Day Emanuel "Gus'" Serra Sal LaMattina & Family BOSTON CiTY COUNCILOR DISTRICT 1