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PAGE 2 POST-GAZETTE, OCTOBER 14, 2011 HADRIAN THE GREEKLING Publius Aelius Hadrianus, commonly known as Hadrian, was born in Rome in January, 76 A.D. When he was ten years old his father died, and Trajan, a second cousin, became his guardian. During his younger years, Hadrian became so deeply involved studying in Greece that he acquired the nickname "Greekling." He returned to Rome at the age of fifteen, entering the military service, and was sent to Italica, a city in Spain. He became so fond of hunting that he was of- ten criticized for it, consequently Trajan recalled him to Rome, treated him as a son, promoted him to the office of magistrate, and later to the position of mili- tary tribune (second com- mander). Hadrian eventually married Sabina, the niece (or grandniece) of Trajan, and quickly rose to the position of companion to the emperor. He particularly distinguished himself in the war against the Dacians, and shortly thereafter was appointed the Governor of Pannonia. His fame greatly increased when he was called upon to compose orations for the emperor. Later, after being promoted to "quaestor" (chief magistrate), Hadrian read one of the emperor's speeches in the Senate and this is said to have provoked laughter because of a very provincial accent. He then gave serious attention to his studies until he became very fluent and proficient in his ora- tory. He also accompanied Trajan throughout the Dacian wars was placed in command of the, First Legion, and was even presented with a diamond from the emperor because of his remarkable deeds. It is said that Hadrian was adopted by Trajan but this is disputed by some, authorities that attributed his rise to the intrigues of Trajan's wife Pompeia Plotina, the sweet young things who soon learned the ways of the emperor's court. .Whatever the situation might have been, on August 9, I 17 A.D. Hadrian was informed that he had been adopted as successor to Trajan, and two days later he learned of Trajan's death. Conflicting reports tell of Trajan's intention to appoint a man named Priscus as succes- sor and not Hadrian. Another report claims that Trajan had intended to submit several names to the Senate along with a request that they choose their next emperor. A third and fairly convincing report tells us that Hadrian was not declared adopted until after Trajan's death. The emperor's wife, Plotina, smuggled in someone who impersonated the emperor and spoke in a feeble voice. Hadrian did, however, assume the reins of government with the approval of many legions and the Senate. The day of his accession is listed as August 11, 117 A.D., and he immediately devoted his effort to a peace- keeping mission throughout the Roman world. He had strong feelings that the extent of the Roman territories made them extremely vulnerable. Also, many of the conquered nations began to revolt. The spirit of rebellion grew in Mauritania, Samartia, Britain, Egypt, Libyia, and Palestine. Peace was nego- tiated with the Persians and the Parthians, and outposts were established. This was an act which historically ended the expansion of the empire. Hadrian" did everything that was possible to gain popularity. He cancelled large debts-that were owed to the government by private citizens, and extended this policy to include many of the provinces. He gave orders to burn promissory notes in the Forum of Trajan and give prop- erty to senators who b6came impoverished. He made those grants in proportion to the num- ber of their dependents. He pro- vided subsistence money in order that worthy persons might hold public office, and even donated funds to help a number of women sustain life. Hadrian refused all honors except those, which recognized his birthday, and administered the empire so that all men knew it was theirs and not the emperor's. He maintained a close friendship with the Senate leaders and attended regular, meetings of the Senate when- ever he was in Rome. NEXT WEEK: Hadrian the Administrator PIRANDELLO , Senator Anthony Petruccelli LYCEUM to Speak at Kiwanis Club of East Boston The Kiwanis Club of East Boston will host State Senator Anthony Petruccelli (D-East Boston) as guest speaker at the club's next meeting on Tuesday, October 18, 2011, starting at 6:00 p.m. at the Spinelli's Function Hall, Day Square in East Boston. Senator Petruccelli will discuss the current legislation and debate concerning the licensing of casino gambling in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and how that legislation may impact the East Boston community. Currently, the state Senate is debating casino legislation that would license three resort casinos and one slots parlor; the House of Representatives has already passed a casino bill. The racetrack at Suffolk Downs in East Boston and Revere is a potential site for one of the resort casinos. Tickets to the Kiwanis dinner are 820 and available by calling Kiwanis Club President Ed Coletta at 617-797-2683 or by contacting any current Kiwanis Club member. The East Boston Kiwanis Club is dedicated to helping the children of East Boston and around the world through charitable works. f NOBILE INSURANCE ALBANO F. PONTE, CEP Financial and Estate Planning Emai/ afponte @ msn.com Phone 617-320-0022 MICHAEL F. NOBILE, CPCU ARLINGTON 148A Massachusetts Avenue Arlington, MA 02474 (781) 646-1200 Fax (781) 646-1148 MEDFORD 39 Salem Street Medford, MA 02155 (781) 395-4200 Fax (781) 391-8493 BOSTON 30 Prince Street Boston, MA 02113 (617) 523-6766 Fax (617) 523-0078 J PRESENTS American Women: Italian Style American Women: Italian Style, will be held on October 18 at 6:30 PM, following the Pirandello Lyceum Annual Meeting. Carol Bonomo Albright and Christine Palamadessi Moore (eds.) will present a review of their book, American Women:Italian Style which is a compilation by Italian Ameri- cana of the best writing about women. American Woman: Ital- ian Style contains important essays that depict Italian- American women and their great coiatributions to American life. Italian-American women have been moving quietly but formidably into prestigious positions in education, business and the professions. Their income and influence have been slowly rising and are celebrated in the book. This event will take place at the East Boston Chamber of Commerce building, 175 McClellan Highway (Route lA next to the Marriott Courtyard Hotel). Coordinator: Dorothy Maio (78 I) 245-6536 Light dinner refreshments This event is free and open to the public. Res Publica by David Trumbull The President's Anti-Jobs Bill A few hours after this issue of the Post-Gazette goes to press the U.S. House of Representatives, followed by the U.S. Senate, will vote on three pending free trade agreements with Colombia, Korea and Panama. These job-destroying pacts will enjoy strong bipartisan support that it is easier to get bipartisan support for bad ideas than for goods ones is just one of the many pathologies of Washington. Organized labor hates the President's trade agenda, but loves Obama. In an October 4th speech AFL-CIO President Richard L. Trumka denounced the pacts, pointing out that the Korea deal "will destroy 159,000 U.S. jobs," that in Colombia, "51 trade unionists were assassinated last year," and that Panama is " a country that routinely tramples workers' rights." The union leader then went on to urge the crowd to support President Obama, who just the day before submitted the agreements to congress for passage. On the Republican side there is just as much discon- nect. According to the polls, the Tea Party is, of all groups in America, one of the most opposed to free trade agreements that destroy American jobs. Who is their darling in the U.S. Senate? Why, Jim DeMint, one of the GOPs biggest fans of job-killing trade deals. In his "Axis of Evil" speech, then President Bush singled out North Korea as a sponsor of terrorism and a threat to global security. President Obama, as recently as April 18th, in Executive Order 13570, extended, once again, the U.S. embargo on imports of goods from that rogue state. Both men, the Republican former President and Democratic current President, support the free trade agreement with South Korea. Buried in that massive document is Annex 22-B "Committee on Outward Processing Zones on the Korean Peninsula." According to the Annex, the Committee is supposed to "review whether conditions on the Korean Peninsula are appropriate for further economic development through the establishment and development of outward processing zones." Out- ward Processing Zones is a bureaucratic euphemism for the Kaesong Industrial Complex in North Korea where South Korean firms operate sweatshops. If the Committee, after "review," okays it, goods from North Korea's zones could be shipped to South Korea and then exported to the U.S. as "Products of South Korea" and enter the U.S. duty-free, thus evading the U.S. embargo on imports from North Korea. (Continued on Page 12) BO IDENTS Boston Public will collect andcompost residents'yard waste Seven weeks: October 17 - December 2 ON YOUR RECYCLING DAY. Place leaves in large paper leaf bags or open yard waste:' ;te" stickers, call 617-635-4500 and 1" maximum diameter. ON YOUR RECYCLING DAY. Ilected theOct, t 7 start date. Please hold onto your yard waste from Oct. 3 Oct. 17, when collectionins. NO R.AST]C BAG5