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Page 6 POST-GAZETTE, OCTOBER 28, 2011 Columbus Bashing Once Again by Dominic Avellani Once again, Columbus was sighted on October 11, bashing rears its ugly head 1.492. On October 12, he around Columbus Day week- and his men landed on San end. Last year, it was done Salvador (an island not too far by Brown University, and from Puerto Rico). He looked this year by a school princi- at the .inhabitants, and felt pal in Somerville, MA who that he had landed in an spoke with some people in island next to India, so he the Caribbean that made incorrectly called the Native her change her mind about Americans "Indians." Columbus. She forgot to During his first trip to mention that Columbus America, he continued to spoke Portuguese, Spanish, explore the islands of the Italian, and Latin, unlike Dominican Republic, Haiti, most of his present-day and parts of Cuba. Columbus critics. History tells us that and the Spanish sailors were Cristoforo Colombo was born the first to establish a Euro- and lived in Genova, Italy for pean town in America (not 21 years, began his sea Leif Ericson as incorrectly voyages between Genova depicted on the Longfellow and Corsica (an island that Bridge in Boston, MA). They belonged to Genova and not called the town Isabella to France at that time). (after the Spanish Queen). In In the 1480's, Columbus a later voyage, Columbus was on a ship headed for Lon- founded Santo Domingo. don, England, when African Columbus greatly respected pirates attacked and sank the American natives and so the ship and he swam to noted in his writings to the shore off the coast of Portu- King of Spain, the nobles, gal. He married a Portuguese and the clergy, that the lady, and had his first son American natives were (Diego). He then immigrated pleasant, had one wife, and to Spain where his second greeted each other with a son was born (Fernando). smile and respect. One must The Franciscan and Domini- remember that it took a lot can monks assisted him by of money for the King of arranging meetings with Spain to put these three King Ferdinand and Queen ships under the command of Isabella of Spain. Columbus. It is no wonder In early 1492, the Spanish that Columbus eagerly asked king and queen defeated the the "Indians" where the last vestiges of the Arabs gold, silver, perfume, pepper, from Spain (from Granada). etc, were. Columbus was The Catholic monarchs able to find little gold, loaned two Spanish ships, strange fruits, birds, etc. the Nina and the Pinta, to To make matters worse, Columbus, and the Santa the'ship that King Ferdinand Maria was rented by the king had rented for Columbus, the for Columbus. These 3 ships Santa Maria, sank.off the had a crew and provisions on coast of Haiti. At the end of board, but were otherwise 1492, he boarded the Nina empty. Why were they to begin his voyage back to empty? All of Europe knew Spain. He had many sleep- that gold, silver, diamonds, less nights concerning how silk, spices, and more were he will explain the loss of cheap in India, Japan, and the rented Santa Maria to China. Columbus promised King Ferdinand. The jealous the king and queen that he Pinzones brothers wanted to would return with the 3 be the first to tell the Span- ships full of these riches and ish King of the new way to make Spain a rich country. Asia so they left on the Pinta The 3 ships and about 100 before Columbus. Columbus men left Palos, Spain in the finally arrived in Barcelona summer of 1492 and headed in 1493 and was well into the dark sea (the Atlan- received by King Ferdinand tic), never navigated by and Queen Isabella. How- anyone who came back ever, Ferdinand was not alive. The Spanish sailors pleased about what hap- were worried and they pened to the Santa Maria. In feared they would never re- reality, one could say that turn to their families in the Santa Maria was the In-st Spain again. Columbus was European ship sunk in the the captain of the Santa new world. Next week, I Maria (the largest of the will dwell on'the other three three ships), while the voyages Columbus made to Pifzones brothers were the America. captains on the Nina and the Pinta. Columbus had to fight Dominic AveUani, Director of the sea, the weather, the the East Boston Adult Ed. jealousy of the two Pinzones Center and a Massachusetts captains, and, when he was State-certified Secondary about to be thrown overboard School History Teacher and by the angry sailors, land Guidance Counselor. , TOIll I00MP i. Peuc,'4 781-286-CASH  We Buy Diamonds, Gold and $ilver lewelry"l[[ll,, we uu Gold and Silver Coins - z  Jewelry Box 345 Broadway, Revere Serving the'Community for 33 Years seUgoldmass.com Hours lO-5:3O pm every day. Saturdays until 3:3O pm Saint Martin de Porres by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari Saint Martin was born in for orphans and abandoned Lima, Peru on December 9, children, where they were 1579; his father was a formed in piety. It is be- Spanish gentleman and his lieved that Saint Martin mother an Indian woman was given the grace of bi- from Panama, he had a sis- location, he had always ter named Juana, born wanted to be a missionary, three years later in 1581. but never left his native city; Even as a young boy, Mar- yet even during his lifetime tin was spending hours of he was seen elsewhere, in the night in prayer, a prac- regions as far distant as tice which increased as he Africa, China, Algeria and grew older. When his fam- Japan. ily could not support him and Martin was a close friend his sister, Martin was sent of Saint Rose of Lima. After to a primary school for two he died, the miracles and years, then placed with a graces received when he surgeon to learn the medi- at the Dominican Friary in was invoked multiplied in cal arts, though he was only Lima where he spent his such profusion that his ten years old, for he could entire life as a barber/sur- body was exhumed after 25 exercise charity to his geon and farm laborer, years and said to be found neighbor while earning his Saint Martin succeeded intact. He was beatified living, causing him great with his charity to feed by Pope Gregory XVI in joy. At fifteen, Martin felt 160 poor persons every day 1837. Nearly 125 years the call and became a Ter- and distributed money every later, Blessed Martin was tiary, of the Dominican Or- week to the homeless. In canonized in Rome by Pope der, years later, when he Lima he is credited with John XXIII on May 6, 1962. was 34; he was made a Do- the establishment of a His feast day is Novem- minican Brother, residing famous residence founded ber 3 rd. Join The Reminisants at The Village Green The Reminisants will be appearing on Saturday, October 29, 2011 at The Vil- lage Green located on Route 1 North in Danvers, MA. Show time begins at 9:00 pm. If you eat in their restaurant and ask for your slip there is no cover in the lounge. The Reminisants have been entertaining audiences of all ages throughout New England since 1973. The band's repertoire features dance music that appeals to a variety of musical tastes across several generations. The Reminisants have performed with Rock  N' Roll legends such as: The Beach Boys, Felix Cavaliere with his Rascals, The JOIN THE NORTH END HISTORICAL SOCIETY FOR A TOUR AT THE I'IASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY! How would you like to see Paul Revere's HANDWRIT- TEN account of his famous ride? Or the records of Rob- ert Gould Shaw and the com- pany that built Commqrcial Wharf? Or the portrait of Ed- ward Everett, the main speaker at Gettysburg in November, 1863 (and a former North End resident)? The Massachusetts His- torical Society staff will give us a tour of some of the por- traits and other artwork on display in the building, as well as an introduction to the society and how to use their resources. Lastly, they will place several original documents on display re- lated specifically to the North End. The Massachusetts Historical Society, founded in 1791 by a small group of men including several North Enders, is the oldest of its kind in the country. Its hold- ings encompass millions of rare and unique documents and artifacts vital to the study of American history, many of them irreplaceable national treasures. Tickets can be purchased at www.NorthEndBoston.org or via check to the North End Historical Society, P.O. Box 130152, Boston, MA 02113. Crystals, Danny & the Juniors, BJ Thomas, Johnny Rivers, Chubby Checker, Paul Revere & the Raiders, Bill Haley's Comets, Shirley Reeves Original Singer of the Shirelles, Herb Reed and the Platters, The Belmonts, The Marvellettes, The Tokens, The Contours, Charlie Thomas' Drifters, Norman Wright's Del Vikings, Bobby Lewis, Mitch Ryder & The Detroit Wheels, Grandfunk Railroad, Poco and country music stars, Gretchen Wilson, Josh Turner, and Patty Loveless. The Reminisants have had the privilege of peforming several times with Wrtham, MA's own Ayla Brown of American Idol fame.