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Page 14 POST-GAZETTE, NOVEMBER 2, 2012 :~ :5:': (FROM ITALIAN NEWSPAPERS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS) :iii /ii=ill i )ii!!I Compiled by Orazio Z. Buttafuoco THE COST OF GASOLINE IN ITALY: HIGH AND GOING HIGHER. Those of us who follow Italian events mainly in the Italian press are very much aware that the price paid at the pump in Italy is high and going higher daily and a lot more than we pay here in the States. The cost of gasoline, in Italy, per liter has recently reached the 2.00 euro ($2.50). As of the beginning of September it has even surpassed the 2.15 euro. When we look at what we pay here in the USA, the price of $3.72 per gallon looks quite a bargain. Why? Let's look at the difference in value. The gallon con- sists of about 3.78 liters. The comparison of the gallon vis- &-vis the liter gives us the real cost of $9.45 (per gallon) that we would pay, if the cost in the States were the same, as in Italy. And that is a truly sky-high price! The differ- ence of cost in Italy is due essentially to high taxes and fee~'61qa~ed ofl~Jthe- f~u~R~Aren't.yo~t glad y.ou~live here? Now that you know hew things stand," if ~zou are planning to visit Italy in the near future and intend to rent a car, you' better be prepared for the entire cost! It is going to be 'salatoI' There is a corollary to the story. The price is closely moni- tored and controlled by the government. Therefore, it is enforced nationwide. Sadly, it is also enforced in Sicily, which produces almost the entire output of petroleum, which accounts for 32% of the national need. Of course, the Italian policy on the matter of the petroleum's royal- ties, doesn't recognize the rights of the producing region, Sicily. Another example of economic confiscatory policy of the resources, by the already rich north! This is a reminder to us why the nouth, in Italy, continues to languish in misery! IN THE FISHES' DNA, THE SECRET OF THE OCEAN'S RICHNESS. The analysis of the fishes' DNA has made possible to observe, for the first time, the mechanisms that control the birth of new species and shows us why the seas are so rich in so many diverse species. The results, recently published in the magazine Nature, are the results reached by a research group directed by David Kingsley of the Stanford University, in California. The study was conducted on a particular species of fish, the three-spine Stickleback. The researchers analyzed the DNA of 20, of this kind of fish, taking 10 from those found in salted waters and 10 living in fresh water. They identified areas of the Genoma associated with adaptation to environmental changes, which favors the creation of new species. The mechanism which controls the genetic adaptation to environments, are still unknown. Consequently, the researchers decided to observe, 'live,' the mechanisms which make possible the birth of new species, by studying a fish, the three-spine Stickleback, which has been capable to adapt to a marine life, but in the spring water and evolving into diverse char- acteristics, such as the number of spines, the length of the body, or the size of the eyes, which have made possible to then prosper in the new habitat. However, the adapta- tion to the spring water from the salted water isn't easy. The spring water enters the body and dissolves the salts, said Marine Biologist Marco Oliverio of Rome's University La Sapienza. "Tough times never last, -- but tough people do!" -- Robert Schuller LETTERS POLICY The Post-Gazette invites its readers to submit Letters to the Editor. Letters should be typed, double-spaced and must include the writer's name, address and telephone number. Anonymous letters are not accepted for publication. Due to space considerations, we request that letters not exceed two double-spaced, type-written pages. This newspaper reserves the right to edit letters for style, grammar and taste and to limit the number of letters published from any one person or organization. Deadline for submission is 12:00 noon on the Monday prior to the Friday on which the writer wishes to have the material published. Submission by the deadline does not guarantee publication. Send letter to: Pamela Donnaruma, Editor, The Post-Gazette, P.O. Box 130135, Boston, MA 02113 News Briefs (Continued from Page 1) over the fatal security lapses that caused the deaths of four Americans including our ambassador over in Libya on this past Septem- ber 11th, the 11th anniversary of 9/11. I always thought, as President Harry S. Truman always believed, that the buck stops inside the Oval Office and if you can't take the heat get out of the kitchen. Truman was a Mis- souri Democrat who knew the role of the President. Here's hoping in 2016 that Hillary decides to run for president again. We know Biden isn't going any further up the political ladder as he has reached his ultimate level of mediocrity. Magna Carta's 800th Anniversary In less than three years, Western Civilization will be celebrating the birth of west- ern democracy when the Magna Carta will celebrate its 800th anniversary. This will be a big deal in Great Britain and it should also be a big deal in America and anywhere in the world where democracy is seen as a birthright. Britain wouldn't be Britain today without this document. The very founda- tion of our own country is built on that document as well. In much of the world, and even here at home, it seems politically incorrect to praise Western Civiliza- tion. We have been turned into the bad guy in world history. We were evil. We were imperialists. We were the bogeymen of history. Don't ask me what the p.c. crowd thinks of Christopher Columbus. Western Civilization has hit its tipping, point. The val- ues we hold trace their roots back to England and the Magna Carta. Today the world is at a key moment in its history. If we forget how we got here today, we might not be here tomorrow. West- ern Civilization is some- thing to be cherished not ridiculed. Two Endorsements The Boston Herald (October 23} has endorsed Mitt Rom- ney for president while on the same day the Boston Globe came out in support of Richard Tisei over the Democrat incumbent U.S. Representative John Tier- ney. The first endorsement was no surprise but the Globe nod to Republican Tisei must mean Tierney is going down. Simple Times (Continued virtually every neighborhood of Boston and Cambridge. The Andersen Memorial Bridge is simply one of those myriad historic sites. Interestingly, most folks assume the iconic bridge was named for Larz Ander- son, the American ambassa- dor and Harvard alum (Class of 1888). Larz was also a close friend of fellow Harvard chum Robert Todd Lincoln, the only son of President Abraham Lincoln to live to adulthood. Yet it was Anderson's wife, Isabel Weld Perkins, a wealthy debu- tante from Boston, who pro- vided the funds to build the Anderson Memorial Bridge. The bridge memorializes Larz's father, Nicholas Long- worth Anderson, a Colonel of the 6 Ohio Volunteer Infan- try during America's Civil War. The words at the bot- tom of the tablet's inscrip- tion tug at my heart the most: "In honor of a beloved father given by his loving son." After reading the tablet's words, I knew my research would begin ear- nestly upon returning home from Page 11) later that wonderful fall evening. Adjacent to the bridge over- looking the Charles River rests the famous George Welker Weld boathouse. The boathouse is named for Isabel's maternal uncle, who left his heirs the money to construct it in 1906. Any- body who passes by from the Boston side of the Charles knows the Weld boathouse is striking for its architectural significance. Though both Larz Ander- son and Isabel Weld Perkins came from wealthy families, Isabel hails from far greater affluence. At the tender age of 5, Isabel inherited $17 million from her mater- nal grandfather, William Fletcher Weld. In 1897, she became the wealthiest woman in the world when, at 21, she collected her fortune held for years in a trust. Isabel filled her life with personal achievements and community service. She authored dozens of books about her family history, poetry and children's books. Her generosity can be viewed at Larz Anderson Park in Brookline, which she pur- chased from a cousin. The 64-acre park was originally Isabel and Larz's family estate. Isabel died in 1948, Currently, Anderson Me- morial Bridge is getting a $20 million facelift. The massive project will return the beauty of its original gilted lights, create new sidewalks, rebuild its steel arches, and restore its red brick and concrete facade synonymous with Harvard's athletic facilities: The work will be finished in 2014. The next time you pass over the Anderson Memorial Bridge remember who it honors. Ponder the foresight of a well-known Boston fam- ily from a different era. Know that their wealth and selfless benevolence has provided generations of students and citizens to easily and safely reach Harvard's athletic fields and facilities, Harvard Square, and, of course, to enjoy the endless splendor viewed freely on or along the Charles River. The POST-GAZETTE ,,,newspaper is,a paper of general circulation. We are qualified to accept legal notices from any court in each town that we serve. For information on placing a Legal Notice in the POST-GAZETTE, please call (617) 227-8929; or mail notice to: POST-GAZETTE P.O. BOX 135 BOSTON, MA 02113 Attn: Legal Notices This Thanksgiving make a difference by donating pet food and supplies. Help Freeway support the MSPCA of Boston. Don't Forget That Tough Times Ipmact Them Too! Drop your donation off at the Post-Gazette 5 Prince St., North End, Boston Monday-Friday 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM or at the Post-Gazette Satellite Office 35 Bennington St., East Boston Tuesdays 10:00 AM to 3:00 PM Thursdays 11:00 AM to 2:00 PM Food * Toys * Grooming supplies Beds Blankets, etc. For a complete listing, please visit www.MSPCA.org/Adoption/Boston/Donate/Boston-Adoption-Wishlist.html Deadline date to donate is Thursday, November 15 For further details call the Post-Gazette office at 617-227-8929 Your generosify can go a long way in supporting the needs of these deserving animalsl