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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, NOVEMBER 7, 2014 : Stir00 Nostra 00wee00,00co,um0000i0000,,0000,in00some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. PROMETHEUS, EPIMETHEUS AND PANDORA Once again We are re- minded that all references to Zeus or Jupiter, supreme god of the heavens, are used syn- onymously in Roman and Greek mythology. Prometheus and his brother Epimetheus were sons of the Titan Iapetus and they were also brothers t0 Atlas. Prometheus and Eipmetheus were charged with the duty to .create man and to provide him, and all other living things with the means necessary for their survival. Prometheus mixed some earth with water, made man, and then caused him to walk upright in the image of the gods. As animals had already been created, Epimetheus undertook to provide them with various gifts, such as courage, swiftness, claws, etc. When man, howevei-, was to be provided for, there was nothing left to bestow upon him. Meanwhile the gods were negotiating with mankind, after their con- quest of the Titans, regard- ing the honor to be paid to them. Prometheus was or- dered to kill a bull and offer it in sacrifice to both gods and men. He divided the bull into two sections. One half of the hide contained the flesh and inner organs after cleverly concealing them beneath the stomach. In the second half he put the bones, but hid them beneath a layer of rich fat. Zeus was asked to choose one of the halves, with the understanding that the other half would be given to man- kind. Zeus selected the por- tion displaying the fat, and Pandora (1861), by Pierre Loison (1816-1886). after realizing that he had been tricked, flew into a violent rage. In his resent- ment he resolved to destroy the human race by withhold- ing fire from them and to create other beings in their place. Prometheus alone was concerned with the fate of the poor mortals ..so he saved them from destruction by going up to Olympus, steal- ing fire, and bringing it back to mankind in a hollow reed. This is the fire which was to become the source of all discoveries and the element which would permit man to be the master over nature. When the act of Promet- heus was discovered, it is said that the anger of Zeus knew no bounds. Prometheus was seized and chained to a rock or pillar On a mountain, where each day a monstrous eagle tore at his liver, which re-grew whole again each night. Finally, Hercules, on his journey to perform one of his celebrated labors, shot and killed the eagle and freed Prometheus from his bonds. The next time you visit the City of Philadel- phia; don't miss the master- piece by the Flemish artist, Peter Paul Rubens, entitled "Prometheus Bound." It's in that city's museum of art. Mankind was also pun- ished for its participation when Zeus created a woman of great beauty and named her Pandora (the all-gifted). Every god had contributed something towards her per- fection. She was brought down from the heavens, de- clared to be the first woman on earth, and presented to Epimetheus who took her as his wife against the advice of Prometheus. The house of Epimetheus contained a jar in which was sealed all of the evils of mankind. Pandora's curi- osity caused her to open the jar and the evils poured out. She hastily replaced the lid but only succeeded in pre- venting the escape of "hope." This episode of Pandora is interpreted to signify that whatever evils might sur- round us, we are never left without hope. "Speranza." Next week: Birth of the Gods BOSTON PARKS RECORDS DATING BACK TO 1875 -- NOW ONLINE Historians, scholars, friends groups, and open space advocates are among these who now have a win- :tlow into the past as the f records of the Boston Parks Commission have been digi- tized and put online through the Boston Public Library's digital services team. LUCIA RISTORANTE & BAR Traditional Italian Cuisine 415 Hanover Street, Boston 61 7.367.2353 11 MountVernon Street, Winchester 781.729.0515 PHva|e Func|ion 00ooms for ony Occasion B,00dol SI, D,I00, Sl00ow00,. Iithcla ' Iereavement, Itc. Donato Frattaroli donato @ luciaboston.com www.luciaristorante.corn The records, once confined to the original documents stored at the Roxbury offices of the Boston Parks and Rec- reation Department, date back to the 1850s and in- clude annual reports, infor- mation about the formation of the Emerald Necklace, and the minutes of one of the oldest Parks Commis- sions in the country. Copies of official Commis- sion meetings, including many historical maps and plans: and annual reports are preserved in perpetuity and easily accessible to re- searchers and anyone else interested in this facet of Boston's history and the de- cisions that helped shape the city's park system. The collection begins with the handwritten minutes of the first Parks Commission meeting held July 21, 1875. The first volume continues with various proposals for new parks at a time when a WWW.BOSTON POSTGAZETTE.C( }M (Continued on Page 14) Res Publica. by David Trumbull Celebrating the Fall of the Wall Twenty-five years ago, the concrete "wall of shame" that East German Communist dictators used to imprison the residents of East Berlin began to fall. It was the most con- spicuous symbol ofthe Cold War of 1946 to 1991, which pitted Communistic oppression against Western freedom. By the 1970s it was accepted wisdom among the elite in America and Western Europe that' the infamous wall would be around for many years or decades to come, with the East and West-in a seemingly endless standoff. All that changed in 1981 when Ronald.Reagan became President.. ,My idea of American policy toward the .Soviet Union is simple, and some would say simplistic," said Mr. Reagan' .to an advisor back in 1977, "It is this: We win and they loseF-Mr. Reagan found an ally in the fight against Communism in British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. "Freedom and democracy will leave Marxism and Leninism on the ash heap of history," Mr.:Reagan accu- rately predicted in a .June 8, 1982 speech in the British House of CommOns. On dune 12, 1987 President Reagan called out Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, when, standing in front of the Berlin War, and with Berliners on both sides able to hear him, Mr. Reagan 'said: "General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate? Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!" The wall did come down, starting on November 9, 1989. The rest of Soviet Communism soon followed. Polish-born and reared Pope John Paul II lent the moral weight of his office to Solidarity, the independent, Polish labor union, which successfully challenged the regime in that nation. Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev is often cited as having said, "The collapse of the Iron Curtain would have been impossible without John Paul II." For nearly 50 years, from the end of World War II to the beginning of the 1990s, America faced an enemy unlike any we had known before. Victory was not won, as in WWII, by dropping more and bigger bombs. Nor, as in WWI, by wear- ing out an enemy with a war of attrition. Nor, as in our Revolutionary war, by unconventional fighting techniques combined with assistance from foreign allies to defeat a larger, stronger, and better-equipped foe. Communist ide- ology and thuggery collapsed under its own weight of lies once leaders such as Thatcher, Reagan, and Pope John Paul II stood up to it. Today, again, we face and unconven- tional enemy, terrorists who use Islam as an excuse for committing the inexcusable. It is yet to be seen if America can produce a leader to stand up to this threat. Greater Boston's Affordable Private Cemetery Traditional Burial Plot (for 2) Starting at $1600 - Effective March 1, 2014 ST, MICHAEL 500 Canterbury Street ",'l't,  (5pCCtf \\;')' Boston, MA 02131 617.524.1036 Serving the Italian Coramuni, www.stmichaelcemetery.com for Over 1 O0 Years! Boston Harborside Home Joseph A. Langone \\; J 580 Commercial St. - Boston, MA 02109 617-536-4110 www.bostonharborsidehome.com Augustave M. Sabia, Jr. Trevor Slauenwhite Frederick J. Wobrock Dino C. Manca Courtney A. Fitzgibbons A Service Family Affiliate of AFFS/Service Corporation International 206 Winter St., Fall River, MA 02720 Telephone 508676-2454