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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, NOVEMBER 9, 2012 Stirpe Nostra by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. ORIGIN OF THE MAUSOLEUM Webster defines a tomb as an above ground vault for the reception of a dead body. He also defines a mauso- leum as a large imposing tomb for one or more bodies. The origin of the name "Mau- soleum" is quite interesting and very appropriate for dis- cussion at this time. It all started in Caria, an ancient country in the southwestern corner of Asia Minor, near the island of Rhodes. The country was ruled by a mili- tant king named Mausolus who was married to his sis- ter, Queen Artemisia. This kind of union, although ta- boo in our society, was sanc- tioned by the customs of that country. Mausolus, who was noted for his personal beauty, died in 365 B.C. His death caused Artemisia the great- est of grief, consequently, a tomb was erected in his memory at Halicarnassus (the modern Budrum). This memorial vault was a huge masonry structure 88 feet by 119 feet and extending to a height of 140 feet. The upper portion was sur- rounded by beautiful Ionic columns and the entire vault was surmounted by a pyra- midal roof with bronze stat- ues at the summit. The tomb was then called "Mausoleum" which was intended to be the name for "The tomb of Mausolus." It became the most famous of all tombs and one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, along with the Egyptian pyramids, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Colossus of Rhodes, etc. The queen then invited the most celebrated speakers of the day to eulogize her hus- band and offered ample rewards. The contest was won by Theopompus, a noted Athenian historian and ora- tor. In addition to all of her outward signs of grief, we are told that Queen Artemisia had her husband's remains cremated, mixed the ashes with water and drank the potion. She died about two years later when the local grocery store ran out of Brioschi. History also tells us that the Romans gave the name of Mausoleum to all sepul- chres which approached that of Mausolus' in size and grandeur of execution, as for instance, the tombs of Augustus and Hadrian. NEXT WEEK: The Census Takers Saint Godfrey, Bishop of Amiens by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari Saint Godfrey was born at Molincourt near Soissons, France, in 1065 of a distin- guished Christian family. He was sent by his uncle, the bishop of Soissons, to be educated in the monastery of San Quentin, close to Peronne. Godfrey was given charge of taking care of the sick and the poor which he did with great charity. For assistance he turned to his older brother Odon, who, after many years in the mili- tary, joined him in religious life and years later died at the monastery. Godfrey was ordained priest at the age of 25 by the bishop of Noyon and became abbot of the Abbey of Nogent- sous-Coucy in 1095. The buildings of the abbey were crumbling and only six monks and two novices re- mained. He renovated the buildings and built a hostel for pilgrims, the poor, and the sick; he himself contin- ued to work in the hostel on their behalf. Soon the monastery was once again attracting new vocations. In 1104, with the death of the aged bishop of Amiens, Godfrey was named his suc- cessor. While serving as bishop, he came across many problems and injus- tices that were inflicted on the poor. He was shunned by the nobles and bourgeois LUCIA RISTORANTE & BAR Traditional Italian Cuisine 415 Hanover Street, Boston 61 7.367.2353 11 MountVernon Street, Winchester 781.729.0515 P,ivate Function J00ooms lop any Occasion Cris|eninq . B00i00ol Sko,.0000 S6owe00 Iirthcla 4 [ereavement, Ftc. Donato Frattaroli donato @ luciaboston.com www.luciaristorante.com because of his teachings advocating better treatment of the poor As bishop he did not cease to take care of the poor and the sick. History relates when some lepers came to him he commanded his cook to prepare food for them; four hours later nothing had been done, Godfrey went to the kitchen and found a large, prepared salmon which he took to the famished lepers. The cook objected at what he had done with the fish he had prepared for Godfrey, the Saint told him that it was an injustice to allow the poor to die of hunger while he dined on salmon. In time, quarrels arose in Amiens over Godfrey's episcopacy causing him to resign his office and retire to the monastery of Grand Chartreuse. The archbishop of Rheims, however, would not approve of Godfrey's res- ignation and scolded the residents of Amiens for their actions. In January of 1115 a letter was sent by a Coun- cil, held at Soissons to re- solve the matter, to the reli- gious of the Grand Char- treuse requesting that Godfrey be asked to return to Amiens. Godfrey resigned himself to obeying the or- ders of the king and the Council but died on Novem- ber 8, 1115 at Saint Crispin's Abbey, Soissins after falling ill on his return journey. The city of Amiens was later decimated by a fire which spared only the church of Saint Firmin, the Episcopal building and a few houses of the poor. Saint Godfrey's feast day is celebrated on November 8% For more information, call 617-227-8929. Election 2012 (Continued birthright was freedom but lately, thanks to President Obama and his cronies on Capitol Hill, our nation has been divided into them or us. The battle lines are drawn. They say it is 99 percent or the greedy one percenters who are not paying their fair share. Obama's legions, the 99 percent crew, created an atmosphere of class warfare and they now seem to be sadly relishing in it. Today, America is more di- vided than ever and can only get more divided with time. Soon those that pay all the bills will be outnumbered by the takers in society. Mitt Romney got into a lot of trouble when he was caught on tape by Mother Jones magazine talking about the 47 percent who get govern- ment entitlements. The only thing incorrect about what Romney spoke Was that the number is closer to 49 per- cent and by the end of Obama's second term the number could climb to 51 per- cent. When that happens, America as we knew it will no longer exist. Liberals were calling the Obama victory a mandate but getting 50 percent of the vote to Mitt Romney's 49 percent is no mandate. Obama won big in the Electoral College and I credit his supporters with doing a great job of get- ting out their vote in states where it counted the most. Obama told the victory crowds that "The task of per- fecting our union moves for- from Page I) of Wednesday morning, John Tierney held off Richard Tiesi in a slim 48 to 47 per- cent victory. Another telling sign was the assisted suicide question, which is still too close to call as of Wednesday. There are now two Ameri- cas and Massachusetts for me is in the other America. The U.S. House remained Republican. The U.S. Senate remained Democrat. Obama remained president. What changed as far as govern- ment gridlock goes? Personally, I was glad that Republicans Todd Akin and Richard Mourdock both lost to Democrats in the Indiana and Missouri U.S. Senate races, respectively. The cul- tural war that Pat Buchanan spoke about back at the 1992 Republican National Conven- tion in Houston is here in full swing as the results of Election Day show. It was a sad day in America and in Massachusetts. Voters sent a message that takes Democrats off the hook for the many government fail- ures of the last four years. The defeat of Brown was a disgrace. As Holly Robichaud stated in her November 7 th Boston Herald column, "'When Lizzy Warren, Joe Kennedy and Beacon Hill raise your taxes next year, if you voted Demo- cratic yesterday, you only have yourself to blame." One final note to Republi- cans, the gender gap among women voters is killing any chances of victories. ward" but forward to what? Mitt Romney. s.pcat SO much Adding to our $16 trillion long -- term debt, creating a larger crowd of chronic un- employed workers and higher and higher gasoline pump prices? That's not my America. Is it yours? Here in Massachusetts we became much more blue. Warren beat Brown 53 per- cent to 47 percent. Joe Ken- nedy Ill brought the Kennedy name back to Congress wining 61 percent to Scan Bielat's 36 percent. Even as time pandertrig ,to women voters and got squat for it all. Republicans need to go after the Democrat's gender gap. Romney should have spent more time wooing guys to his side over issues like foreign policy, jobs, entitlements and affirmative action. I will continue the struggle for a stronger America because the alternative is Greece or Portugal or Italy going down the drain financially. 00/hanksg,v, ng Pet Food Drive This Thanksgiving make a difference by donating pet food and supplies. Help Freeway support the MSPCA of Boston. Drop your donation off at the Post-Gazette 5 Prince St., North End, Boston Monday-Friday 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM or at the Post-Gazette Satellite Office 35 Bennington St., East Boston Don't Forget That Tuesdays 10:00 AM to 3:00 PM Tough Times Thursdays 11:00 AM to 2:00 PM Impact Them Too! Food Toys * Grooming supplies Beds Blankets, etc. For a complete listing, please visit www.MSPCA.org/Adoption/Boston/Donate/Boston-Adoptinn-Wishlist.html Deadline date to donate is Thursday, November 15 For further details call the Post-Gazette office at 617-227-8929 Your generos//y can go a long way in supporting the needs of these deserving animals!