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November 18, 2011     Post-Gazette
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November 18, 2011

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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, NOVEMBER 18,2011 rpe by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. HADRIAN'S VILLA AT TIVOLI History is still uncertain about Hadrian's formal edu- cation and training. Some reports credit him with being an architect and others claim ~that he was an ex- tremely talented amateur. Ancient writers say he was accomplished in arithmetic, geometry, painting and art. He was also a student of Greek art, architecture and civilization, and was respon- sible for sending many young men to Athens to study. Hadrian was one of the most cultured and gifted fig- ures in all of ancient Roman history, but was not without his vanity and temper. As a young man he was snubbed by the celebrated Greek ar- chitect, Apollodorus of Dam- ascus. Later as emperor he was again severely criticized by the same architect on the design of a temple. This was a bit too much for Hadrian and it became the last cri- tique ever made by the tact- less Apollodorus. Hadrian ruled as emperor from 117 to 138 A.D. Shortly after being proclaimed em- peror he made a grand tour of the Roman Empire. He visited Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, Mauritania, Spain, Germany; and Britain. A few years later he put down an insurrection in Pales- tine, and then visited Syria on his return trip to Rome. During his visits to these countries he was deeply impressed by many of their national monuments and had exact miniature repro- ductions constructed at his villa in Tivoli. There was the Academia, a public garden or grove originally located in a suburb of Athens. This origi- nal facility was named after Academus, the person who left it to the citizens of gym- nastics. The entire area (in Athens) was surrounded by a wall and the interior space was adorned with buildings and statues of illustrious men. It was within this en- closure where Plato started a school for those who were sympathetic to his brand of philosophy. The Academic Sect was applied to this group and it in turn became the origin of the Academy as we know it today. The Lyceum was also rep- resented in miniature at Tivoli. This was originally a sacred enclosure at Athens which was dedicated to Apollo. The area contained copies of fine buildings, foun- tains, and lush gardens that were originally designed by some of the best known fig- ures during the Golden Age of Greece, It was the usual place of exercise for the Athe- nian youths who aspired to military career. The original Lyceum was especially fa- mous because it was fre- quented by philosophers like Aristotle and his followers. Hadrian's villa at Tivoli also contained a reproduction of the celebrated temple of Sera- pis that was located in Cano- pus, an important city on the coast of Lower Egypt, about twelve miles from Alexan- dria. Serapis was a mythical deity of the lower world who was considered to be a god of healing. During ancient times his worship had spread from Egypt to Greece and then into Rome. Canopus was also noted for its com- merce and luxury, but infa- mous because of its de- bauchery. This was also a point of origin of that world famous dye known as henna, that was used by women on their hair and finger tips. NEXT WEEK: Hadrian's Tomb, Castel Sent' Angelo NEIGHBORHOOD MEETINGS Dear Neighbor: As you may know, after years of struggling with the limitations imposed by lack of adequate space for children's programs, visitor amenities and program staff offices, the Paul Revere Me- morial Association/Paul Re- vere House purchased 5 and 6 Lathrop Place. The 1835 sory. This will allow us to extend our current opera- tions into this facility, an action that is critical to our Publica by David TrumbuU HOME FOR THE HOLIDAYS NE~%A ZLC Tuesday, No- vember 22, 2011, 7:00 pm Pilot House, Atlantic Avenue In our home, perhaps in yours too, Thanksgiving Day festivities begin with tuning the television set to the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade which we half watch and half just have in the back- ground while preparing dinner. Macy's at least since the 1947 mo- tion picture Miracle on 34th Street has come to be more than just another vendor for holiday gifts, but is itself a part of America's Thanksgiving through Christmas holiday season. Yes, for many of us the Macy's parade marks the beginning of the holidays. Nevertheless, I miss the older television practice of showing not just Macy's but bits of sev- eral department store Thanksgiving Day Santa parades. I liked when they would switch to the J.L. Hudson's Thanks- giving Day Parade in Detroit and the Gimbals' Thanksgiv- ing Day Parade in Philadelphia. Hudson's Department Store in Detroit is gone, but the parade which like the Macy's parade started in 1924 continues as America's Thanks- giving Parade. The Gimbals' parade, now called the 6abc IKEA Thanksgiving Day Parade, is the oldest of America's Thanksgiving Day Santa parades, having started in 1920. Locally, from the 1940s until 1972 and again in the early 1990s a visit to the Enchanted Village in the Jordan Marsh department store in Downtown Crossing was how Bostonians inaugurated the Christmas shopping season. Remember how, up to just a few years ago, Jordan Marsh, and its rival Filene's put up competing Christmas displays in their windows that faced each other on Summer Street? I have nothing against R.H. Macy's Department Store. I wish it a profitable Christmas selling season. If Americans choose for our Thanksgiving Day morning entertainment a televised, extended-length, open-air advertisement for that retailer, who am I to object? But more and more local shops are giving way to national brands and "big-box" retailers. Local events (such as the Enchanted Village) give way to a few huge national spectacles. Likewise, our politi- cal discussions are focused much more on what is happen- :~ ing in Washington, rather than Boston M The problem with looking to the national scene rather than locally is that nationally most of us have little oppor- tunity to be anything more than observers. Locally we have power to change things. As the Democrats and liberals in ,i Washington consolidate more and more power in the hands of a few remote unelected bureaucrats in Washington, let's NEWRA Meeting Thurs- be thankful this year that we still have locally elected rep- ] day, December 8, 2011, resentatives and senators in the General Court. Next year 7:00 pm Nazzaro Center, all 200 members of that body will be up for election. Have North Bennet Street. you thought of running?. Surely no one is so happy with the NEWNC Meeting Monday, current crop of state legislators that you can't think of a December 12, 2011, 7:00 pm few you'd like to see replaced. If you think it's time for a Nazzaro Center, North Ben- change and you believe you have what it takes, change net Street. can begin with you! building had languished in being able to use the buil~ For NEWRA please contact poor condition for the better ing as we plan. The Associaj~David Kubiak at 617-833- part of 10 years. In 2010 we tion has been working for 9564 and for NEWNC contact completed critical structural years to be able to stabilization and restored our historic complex by mak- We welcome the opportu- the exterior to its 19th cen- ing it fully handicapped nity to present our project tury appearance, accessible, increasing our and respond to questions you We are now gearing up to program space by 400% and may have about our plan. complete our project and adding public restrooms. We Please feel free to contact hope to open the facility in value your support and hope me before the meetings if 2013. The property at 5 and we can count on it for our you would like any additional 6 Lathrop Place is currently zoning request, information or are unable to zoned multi-family residen- We will be bringing our attend the meetings. I can tial and we will be asking for -plans and our request to thebe reached at 617-523-2338 a change of use to allow for community at the following or [~ene~f ~or its use as a cultural acces- meetings: SincerelYNina ZannieriYurs' HOf'f6 nd [ami/iea and Mer/y ~ ~'"'~~ ~~'""~ ~ Executive Director . r$ -- D Thursday, December 15, 2011 'honksglving II' ,,;00 Noon Irm P., Food Drive II', |1'. Jl This Thanksgiving make a difference. .ll 283 Causeway Street, Boston, Massachusetts II By donating pet food and supplies, you'll help II [ [ I[ Freeway support a local shelter. [J , 345Bsr~a2~Y/~SeHvere . |[ Your generosifl/con go [I I Honest & Trusted for 33 Years!! I Tickets On Sale Af: " NORTHE,O I// . |J o,ongwoyinsupportingtheneed, ~ J| i.$ __-...,.ISe~.._--.=~_'~._.-__ $.1 HEALTHCENTE. ~'"~ " DONATION [I I[ |[ Drop your donation off ~.~~!, [I ~f~r~k~JN~7- $20.00 PER PERSON ]] at the Post-Gazette " ~ [1 |[ 5 Prince Street, North End, Boston Don't Forget Thin Tough ]] [ by Tuesday, November 22 T,mes Imp.ct Them 1"oo! [[ ADMITTANCE BY TICKFT ONLY