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PAGE 2 POST-GAZETTE, NOVEMBER 20, 2015 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. "Cruciatus" or "Cruciare" are the Latin expressions for torture, torment, or to put to the rack. "Crux" refers to the cross as an instrument of capi- tal punishment during ancient times in eastern countries. Darius, an early king of Persia (about 500 B.C.), boasted that he had crucified the leader of every rebellious group that had opposed him. Persons who had been executed by other means were sometimes placed ores_ cross after death as an indica- tion of dishonor upon the deed which caused their demise. Tar- quinius Priscus, the first Etrus- can king of Rome (about 600 B.C.), resorted to this kind of disgraceful display of deceased CRUX bodies in an attempt to stop the suicides of those persons who were driven to despair in forced labor camps. We are also told that executions by crucifixion were very common with the Carthaginians, who were noted for the cruelty of their methods, and through them it was intro- duced into Rome. The ancient Romans were naturally a hard-hearted people. This fact is alluded to by many historians. The great Cicero inferred that crucifixion was in use during the regal period (700 B.C.-500 B.C.] when he argued against the revival of laws per- mitting this kind of execution, and against capital punishment of citizens in any form. When Spartacus, the famous gladiator, was finally defeated in his servile war against Rome (70 B.C.), about 6,000 of his fol- lowers (slaves) were crucified all along the Appian Way between Capua and Rome. This was the time when masters enjoyed such absolute power over their slaves that crucifixions were ordered for even slight offenses. The first laws passed in favor of slaves occurred dunng the reign of Augustus. Later, the emperor Hadrian decreed that slaves could not be executed without the sentence of a mag- istrate. Finally, Antoninus Plus, successor to Hadrian, ordered that the murder of a slave by his master was punishable as a homicide. In add{tion to slaves, those persons living in the Roman provinces were subject to cru- cifixion for such major crimes as murder, piracy, revolt, and conspiracy. During the Roman war and occupation of Jerusalem, the obstinacy and rebellious nature of the Jews caused the wholesale infliction of this punishment. Varus, a Roman consul, crucified 2,000 Jews at one time, while Florus, a procurator, crucified sev- eral hundred, including Roman citizens of Jewish birth. When Titus was commanding the Ro- man legions in that country, it was said that, =Room was waiting for the crosses, and crosses for the bodies." NEXT WEEK: Crucifvdon During the Gift-Giving Season Land-Locked Blackbeards Who Snatch Packages from Doorsteps May Also Hack into Online Tracking Systems ' Online shopping has made =If they know you aren't home life easier for consumers -- and and that a package is scheduled is especially handy during the for delivery, it's going to be easy holidays -- but it's also created for them to steal it," Miliefsky more opportunities for =porch says. pirates," the thieves who prey Miliefsky offers these tips for on those parcels left on ouroutwitting porch pirates and doorsteps, keeping those packages safe: Many porch pirates are low Get permission to ship all tech, simply cruising neighbor- your packages to work. That hoods where they know deliver- way they aren't left unguarded ies are taking place and grab- at your doorstep for hours bing the unattended packages, where anyone walking by could But porch pirates who also snatch them. If this arrange- happen to be cyber criminalsment works out, be sure to tell can use your own technol- all your friends and family also ogy against you, says Gary to ship packages to your work Miliefsky, CEO of SnoopWall address. (www.snoopwall.com), a corn- Ask a friend or neighbor to pany that specializes in cyber receive your packages for you. security. You might not be home on work =A more sophisticated porch days, but plenty of people are. pirate might send you an SMSTrusted friends who are retired message or email with mal- or who work at home might be ware," Miliefsky says. happy to let you have pack- "That would let them gain ac- ages delivered to them for safe cess to your computer or smart- keeping. phone, and they could install If a neighbor can't receive a RAT (Remote Access Trojan). your packages and you can't get Then they can eavesdrop on them at work, another option your orders and deliveries."is available. Miliefsky suggests They also might be able to trying Doorman, a service that locate you through the geolocat- lets you arrange for a package ing feature on your phone, he to be held at a warehouse until says. That would tell them when you arrive home. Then you can you are away from home, the arrange delivery for evening final link in their well-laid plan. hours that better suit you. More on Doorman is available at www.doorman.com. Disable geolocation on your smartphone so that porch pirates -- or other hackers -- can't track your location. Set up a live recording video camera aimed at your porch. That could allow you to spot a theft as it happens and alert law enforcement, or at least provide you with video later that might help identify the porch pirates. =Porch pirates count on you being lax with your defenses," Miliefsky says. "But with a little preparation, you can thwart their plans and leave them empty handed." i PUBLIC i MEETING FOOD-RETAIL MANAGERS: [ Local Federal Emp. Opportunity! Beginning Salary $41 k to 44k! Federal Benefits Package! 3yrs Mgnt. Exp. Send Resume to: canteenrecruiler @ g mail.com Saint Florian by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari Florian was born about the year 250 AD in the ancient Ro- man city of Aelium Cetiumin in what is today Sankt Polten, Austria. He joined the Roman Army and advanced through the ranks rising to the position of commander of the Imperial Army in the Roman province of Noricum. In addition to his military duties, Florian was also responsible for organizing fire- fighting brigades. He organized and trained an elite group of soldiers whose sole duty was to fight fires. Florian was a Christian at a time when the Roman emperors were trying to eliminate Chris- tianity throughout their realm. It was the time of the Emperor Diocletian's persecution of Christians. Word had reached Florian's superiors that he was not enforcing the persecutions against Christians in his terri- tory. Aquilinus, Florian's su- perior, was sent to investigate these reports. When he ordered Florian to offer sacrifice to the Roman gods in accordance with the Roman religion, he refused, Florian was arrested and condemned to be burned at the stake. Standing on the funeral pyre, Florian stated that it was his intention to climb to heaven on the flames of the pyre prepared for him. Aquilinus be- came apprehensive and decided to dispose of him in a different manner. Instead of burning Florian, Aquilinus executed him by drowning in the Enns River with a millstone tied around his neck. The execution took place in the year 304 AD. Saint Florian is the patron saint of Linz, Austria; chim- ney sweeps; soap makers, and firefighters. The St. Flo- rian cross is widely used in firefighter emblems. His feast day is May 4th. St. Florian is also the patron of Upper Austria, jointly with Saint Leopold, as well as one of Poland's patron saints. f INSURANCE- ALBANO F. PONTE, CEP Financial and Estate Planning Email afponte @ msn.com Phone 617-320-0022 MICHAEL F. NOBILE, CPCU mnobile @ nobileinsurance.com BOSTON MEDFORD 30 Prince Street 39 Salem Street Boston, MA 02113 Medford, MA 02155 (6i 7) 523-6766 (781) 395-4200 Fax (617) 523-0078 Fax (781) 391-8493 J GOVERNMENT CENTER GARAGE WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2 ONE CITY HALL SQUARE 6:30 PM - 8:30 PM BRA Board Room, 9th Floor Boston PROJECT PROPONENT: HYM Investment Group, LLC PROJECT DESCRIPTION: The HYM Investment Group, LLC has submitted the design review public filings for the first two project components of its Government Center Garage Redevelopment Project: a 45-story, 486-unit residential tower, and an iconic, 43-story, one-million- square-foot office tower. This is strictly a design review process, as there has been no material changes to the approved PDA. MAIL TO.* EDWARD M MCGUIRE III Boston Redevelopment Authority One City Hall Square, 9th Floor Boston, MA 02201 PHONE: 617.918.4251 EMAIL.* Edward.McGuire@boston ~ov CLOSE OF COMMENT PERIOD: Friday, December 18, 2015 WWW. BOSTON POSTGAZ ETTE.CO M