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Page 6 POST-GAZETTE, NOVEMBER 22, 2013 Saint Bernward of Hildersheim by Bennett Molinari and Richard Molinari Bernward was born about the year 960 into a Saxon noble fam- ily. His grandfather was Count Athelbero Palatine of Saxony. Bernward was placed in the care of Bishop Volkmar of Utrecht, hav- ing lost his parents at an early age. Bernward was sent to the cathedral school of Heidelberg where he made rapid progress in the sciences becoming very profi- cient in mathematics, painting, architecture and particularly in the manufacture of ecclesiastical vessels and ornaments of silver and gold. He completed his studies at Mainz, where he was ordained a priest. In 987, after the death of his grandfather, Bernward became an Imperial chaplain and tutor of the child emperor, Otto Ill. He remained at the imperial court until 1003 when he was elected Bishop of Hildersheim, a position he held for 30 years. Hildesheim was a center of power in the Holy Roman Empire and Bernward was determined to give his city an image in keeping with its stature. As Bishop, Bernward would often visit the various work- shops connected with the cathedral school. As a result of his early training he remained an accomplished silver- smith and with his own hands manufactured gold and sil- ver vessels for the Church at Hildersheim. During his time as Bishop, he commissioned the construction of many churches and other edifices, including even fortifications for the defense of his Episcopal city against the invasions of the pagan Normans. As evidences of his skill as an art- ist, there are still preserved in Hildesheim a cross of rich and exquisite workmanship, known as the "Bemward Cross," the famous Bernward column, with winding reliefs repre- senting scenes from the life of Christ, two bronze doors of the Cathedral of Hildesheim, showing scriptural scenes, and two candlesticks symbolic of Christ, the light of the world. Bernward had built the abbey church and monastery dedi- cated to Saint Michael, the church, now Protestant, remains to this day, one of the most magnificent basilicas in Germany. Bernward administered his diocese with both wisdom and understanding. Bernward passed away on November 20, 1022. He was canonized by Pope Celestine Ill in 1193. His feast is celebrated on November 20% 00ST. M00CNaEL 500 Canterbury Street The Respectful R;"ay . Boston, MA 02131 617.524.1036 Serving the Italian Community www.stmichaelcemetery.com for Over 100 Years! Report Sanitary Sewer Overflows (SSOs) to Boston Water and Sewer Commission A sanitary sewer overflow (SSO) is an unintentional discharge of untreated sewage into the environment or a property. A SSO can occur as a result of a blockage or collapse in either the public sewer in the street or the private sewer in your home or business. IF YOU ENCOUNTER A SEWER OVERFLOW, CALL BWSC 24 HOUR EMERGENCY SERVICE AT 617-989-7000. NEXT YEAR'S SMALL COLA Isn't the Only Adjustment Relate# to the Program Here are six things you need to know about Social Security for 2014. For clarity's sake, here isa rundown of what is chang- ing next year, and what isn't. Social Security recipients are getting a raise -- but not much of one. Next year, the average monthly Social Security payment will increase by $19 due to a 1.5% cost-of-living adjustment, one of the smallest annual COLAs in the program's history. Since 1975, only seven COLAs have been less than 2%. Four of these seven COLAs have occurred in the past five years, however. The 2013 COLA was 1.7%/.2 How does Social Security measure COLAs? It refers to the federal government's Consumer Price Index, specifically the CPI-W, which tracks how inflation affects urban wage earners and clerical workers. Social Security looks at the CPI-W from July to September of the present year to figure the Social Security COLA for next year, so the 2014 COLA reflects the very tame inflation measured in summer 2013.L 2.3 Does the CPI-W accurately measure the inflation pressures that seniors face? Some senior advocacy groups say it doesn't. The Senior Citizens League, a non-profit that lobbies for elders and retired vet- erans, contends that Social Security recip- ients have lost 34% of their purchas- ing power since 2000 because the CPI-W doesn't track rising health care expenses correctly, a On its website, the Bureau of Labor Statistics admits that the CPI "differs in important ways from a complete cost-of- living measure." The CPI measures in- creases or decreases in rents, transporta- tion costs, tuition, food, clothing, prescrip- tion drug and medical care costs, and the prices of consumer discretionary goods and services -- 200 item categories in all. Still, some prices in the CPI rise faster than others; medical costs increased 2.4% from September 2012 to September 2013, and housing costs rose 2.3%. TM Chained CPI is not yet ,being used to fle- termine COLAs. Some analysts and legislators would like Social Security COLAs to be based on chained CPI, a for- mula which assumes some consumers are buying cheaper/alternative products and services as prices rise. Supporters think that pegging Social Security COLAs to chained CPI could reduce the program's daunting shortfall by as much as 20% in the long term. 5, The CPI-W is still the CPI of record, so to speak. That's good for retirees, as the Con- gressional Budget Office says that COLAs would be about 0.3% smaller if they were based on chained CPI. Perhaps this sounds bearable for one year, but according to AARP, a 62-year-old who retired and claimed Social Security in 2013 would be losing the equiva- lent of an entire month of income per year by age 92 ff chained CPI were used to figure benefit increases. 5. Groups like TSCL and AARP wouldn't mind basing the COLAs on the CPI-E, an alternative CPI that the BLS maintains to track prices most affecting consumers aged 62 and up. From 1982-2011, the CPI-E showed yearly inflation averaging 3. I% com- pared to 2.9% for the CPI-W. 4.,6 Social Security's maximum monthly benefit is increasing. In 2013, a Social Security recipient who had reached full retirement age could claim a maximum monthly benefit of $2,533. Next year, the limit will be $2,642. I So is Social Security's annual earnings limit. This limit is only faced by Social Security recipients who have yet to reach the month in which they turn 66. In 2013, retirees younger than 66 were able to earn up to $15,120 before having $1 in retirement benefits temporarily withheld for every $2 above that level. In 2014, the (Continued on Page 14) Boston Public Library Partners-in-Residence Digital Public Library of America and Internet Archive Share Vision to Increase Access Boston Public Library (BPL) has two part- ners-in-residence at its Copley Square location that represent a continuing, collabo- rative commitment to expanding informa- tion access to all. The Internet Archive and Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) operate on the third floor of the BPL's Johnson Building at 700 Boylston Street. The partners are located near Boston Public Library's technical services team, enabling strategic proximity to the library's digital resources. "Our shared goal is to increase awareness of and access to collections. We want mate- rials and opportunities for learning to be discovered and enjoyed by the widest audi- ence possible," said Amy E. Ryan, President of the Boston Public Library. "Our partner- ships with Internet Archive and the Digital Public Library of America reflect the great collaborative nature of institutions that work to share information with people through- out the world." Boston Public Library began working with the Internet Archive in 2007. Internet Archive (archive.org) is a nonprofit digital library offering permanent access for researchers, historians, and the general public to historical collections that exist in digital format. The Internet Archive includes texts, audio, moving images, and software as well as archived web pages. It also pro- vides specialized services for adaptive read- ing and information access for the blind and other persons with disabilities. The Internet Archive scans and digitizes select bound materials for Boston Public Library, includ- ing the John Adams Library, one of the BPL's Collections of Distinction. A current project is the digitization of the BPL's Shakespeare collection. "The Internet Archive is proud of its long collaboration with the Boston Public Library," said Brewster Kahle, Founder and Digital Li- brarian of Internet Archive. "Our organiza- tions are both committed to leveraging tech- nology to create increased, permanent ac- cess to cultural artifacts and historical col- lections and doing so in an open way that helps foster education and discovery." The Digital Public Library of America (dp.la) develops systems to share digital content from American libraries, archives, muse- ums, historical societies, and other commu- nity centers in a centralized, online envi- ronment. The DPLA offers a single point of access to millions of items--photographs, manuscripts, books, sounds, moving images, and more. Boston Public Library is a digital service hub for the DPLA, assisting other organiza- tions across the state in having their mate- rials digitized and integrated into DPLA da- tabases. Recent digitized items for inclusion in DPLA include more than 50 yearbooks and town reports from public libraries in Massa- chusetts and historic photographs from the Lawrence History Center. "It is wonderful to be located within the Boston Public Library, as we share the same mission as the BPL: to democratize access to knowledge," said Dan Cohen, Executive Director of the Digital Public Library of America. "Our staff is energized every morn- ing walking into the library, drawing strength from the people and content around us, and the BPL staff who are helping us bring America's collections online."