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December 12, 2014     Post-Gazette
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December 12, 2014

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Page 2 POST-GAZETTE, DECEMBER 12, 2014 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. HADES, THE PLACE Last week we learned that ancient mythology believed Hades to be the name of a god, and also the name of a place. We then examined the legend surrounding Hades, the god. He was the brother to Zeus, ruler over the infernal regions, and over the ghosts of the dead. Today, our atten= tion is directed to Hades the place; that mythological world of the dead. According to the belief of the ancients, this world of the dead and the abode of the god Hades was located in the depths of the earth. It was considered to be a place where all dead souls went while they awaited their judgment and final commitment. It com- pared with the place, we now assume to be Purgatory, rep- resented as a grove of bar- ren willows veiled in dark- ness or clouds, and where the sun never shone. The ground was covered with asphodel, a dreary plant of the lilt family that was often 'planted on graves. The en- trance to Hades was on the far side of a wide river named Oceanus or Acheron (both names have been used). The burial of the dead was a most solemn duty among the ancient Romans. It was incumbent upon anyone who found an unburied body, at least to cast earth upon it three times. If no funeral rites had been performed, the soul of the dead person could not be received in Hades, but wandered home- less upon the earth for one hundred years. Other an- cients believed that children who were released from all other obligations to unwor- thy parents were neverthe- less bound to bury them. The [ R Publica by David TrumbuU KNOW YOUR RIGHTS! The governor shall annually issue a proclamation setting apart neglect of burying one's relatives was frequently mentioned by orators as a grave charge against the moral character of any man. Charon was the name of the boatman who conducted the souls of the dead across the river to the infernal regions. The fare that was charged for this service was one obolus (a coin of low value), and in order that the ghost might meet this de- mand, the ancients placed that coin under the tongue of the deceased person. To this day we are told of the countless members of skel- etons that have been found with coins that had been placed in their mouths. The entrance to the king- dom of Hades was guarded by a dog named "Cerberus,", a terrible monster with three heads, a tail of three ser- pents, and a body bristling with vipers. He was friendly to all who entered, but if a ghost tried to escape, the dog would seize that shade and hold him, fast. Brrrrr. Next Week: Charon Unveiling of East Boston Beau@cation Initiative Farmer, Dave Schulman, Karim Tanafis, David Aiken, Ed Herrera, Meg Hammond, Margaret Farmer, Tom Clackett, Melissa Tyler, and John Tyler. Utilizing grant money gen- erously provided by Boston Parks and Recreation and the Boston Main Streets Foundation, EBMS was able to complete phase one of a 19ng term strategy to beau- tify the East Boston business district by providing busi- ness owners, residents, and visitors with the advantages that come with "beautiful neighborhood signage and protected tree-pits that can be used as a canvass for colorful flowers and public art. "We want to change the narrative in the business district from one that is steeped in righteous indig- nation and heartfelt frustra- tion with our trash and litter issues to one that celebrates and emphasizes the beauty of our neighbor- hood. We are hopeful that business owners and resi- dents alike will take enthu- siastic ownership of the opportunities these tree- pits provide them by plant- ing beautiful flowers that celebrate East Boston's beauty and vibrancy," says Max Gruner, Executive Director of EBMS. I DIAMONDS 1 ROLX ESTATE JEWELflY Bought & Sold Jewelers Exch. Bldg. Jim (617) 263-7766 East Boston Main Streets would like to thank all at- tendees of the unveiling and ribbon cutting of the tree- pit surrounds and signage initiatives last Saturday, December 6th. East Boston Main Streets would like to recognize the volunteers who spent hun- dreds of hours planning, de- signing, and manufacturing the tree-pit surrounds now proudly placed in the busi- ness district along Meridian Street. With gratitude to: Matt Pollock, Josh Kampa, Rebecca Millsop, Andrew Martin, Todd McKay, Madi- son McKay, Mic Billingsley, John Casamassima, Scan Broderick, Billy Perry, Jason Burrell, David Halpbert, Jon Day, Martijn Van der Born, Jesse Purvis, Margaret On Sale Now! THE NORTH END Where It All Began The Way It Was by Fred Langone SALE PRICE $19.95 Plus Shipping & Handling PRAYER TO ST. JUDE May the Sacred Heart of Jesus be adored, glorified, loved and pre- served throughout the world now and forever. Sacred Heart of Jesus pray for us. St. Jude, worker of miracles, pray for us. St. Jude, help of the hopeless, pray for us. Say this prayer 9 times a day and by the 8th day your prayers will be answered. It has never been known to fail. Publication must be promised. My prayers have been answered. A.T.R call 6i7-227-8929 .... On Site at The Post-Gazette 5 Prince Street, North End, Boston, MA December 15~ as Bill of Rights Day, in respect for the first 10 Amendments to the United States ConstitUtion, and recommend- ing that the day be observed in an appropriate manner by the people. --Mass. Gen. Law, Part 1, Title 1 1, Chapter 6, Section 15AAAAA Set forth below, slightly abridged, is the text of each of those first 10 Amendments. Amendment I. Freedom of religion, speech, and the press. Freedom to assemble and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Amendment II. The right of the people to keep and bear Arms. Amendment III. No Soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. Amendment IV.-The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unrea- sonable and unwarranted searches and seizures. Amendment V. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a present- ment or indictment of a Grand Jury, nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to .be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private prop- erty be taken for public use without just compensation. Amendment VI. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witness'es against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- sel for ,his defense. Amendment VII. In 'Suits at common law the right of trial by jury shall be preserved. Amendment VIII. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual pun- ishments inflicted. Amendment IX. The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. Amendment X. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Fully Insured Lic #017936 :haMcal Heating & Air Conditioning Sales, Service & Installation Ken Shallow 617.593.6211 LOCATED AT" 270 ATLANTIC AVENUE, BOSTON PHONE 617.227.0279 617.227.0784 FAX 617.227.0641 PLEASE EMAIL US AT digiacomoofboston@gmaiL corn to receive our weekly special Contact and as/< for our NEW NORTH END NEIGHBORHOOD SPECIAL