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' PAGE 2 POST-GAZE'FrE, DECEMBER 30, 2016 by Prof. Edmund Turiello A weekly column highlighting some of the more interesting aspects of our ancestry.., our lineage.., our roots. ENTRARE JULIUS CAESAR Massachusetts Increases Minimum Wage New Year's Day Minimum Wage to Rise from $10 to $11; Last of Three $1 Increases Community, Faith, and Labor Organizations Call for Continued Increases, $15 Minimum Wage Vercingetorix throws down his arms at the feet Gaius Julius Caesar was member in a civil war against born July 12, 102 B.C., into a the dictator Sulla. Caesar was noble and aristocratic family ordered to divorce Cornelia, but that traced its ancestry back to boldly refused; consequently the very beginning of Roman his property was confiscated, history. During a 100-year and he was forced into a short period from 160 B.C. to 60 period of hiding. B.C., there were several Cae- A military experience was sars that held public office, considered necessary for any and at least four of them were young Roman of rank, so Ju- honored with the consulship flus joined a Roman legion and (chief magistrate). Not much earned a civic crown for bravery. is known about the youth and He returned toRome in 78 B.C. education of Julius except that and gained such popularity and his instruction was entrusted reputation through his oratory to a distinguished teacher of that he decided to go to the grammar and rhetoric, island of Rhodes to study un- He married Cornelia Cinna, der the great orator of the day daughter of an opposing party named Molo. His trip was inter- of Julius Caesar. (Painting by Lionel Roller) rupted when he was captured by pirates and held for $50,000 ransom. After being released, he made good a promise to return and crucify his former captors. An interesting attempt to com- ment on his merciful nature is given in the story that he slit the throats of the pirates before crucifying them so that they wouldn't suffer too much. After completing his study at Rhodes, he returned to Rome to fill a vacancy in the Supreme College of Priests and threw himself into politics with great energy. He was kind and gener- (Continued on Page 11) ,ome meet with Boston Water and Sewer staff in your neighborhood and learn why it's important not to dump into catch basins. You can also pay your water bill with a check or money order, talk about billing or service problems, and more. I FOR INFORMATION @ www.bwsc.org @ 617-989-7000 980 Harrison Avenue Boston, MA 02119 On January I, 2017, nearly 500,000 low-wage workers in Massachusetts will get their third consecutive annual pay increase when the state's minimum wage rises from $10 to $11 an hour. The increase is the last of three $1 increases in the minimum wage laid out in 2014 legislation, which brought the state's mini- mum wage up from $8 to $11 over three years. The legislation also increases the sub-minimum wage for tipped workers to $3.75 per hour beginning January 1, 2017, up from $2.63 in 2014. "I work for a multi-billion dollar company, yet I make a measly $ I0 an hour," said Barbara Fisher, a member of the Fight for $15 and Dunkin' Donuts worker. "Raising the wage to $11 an hour will help me buy food for my kids and other necessities. This increase is the step in the right direction, but without $15, I still will be unable to afford to rent an apartment while putting food on the table and keeping the lights on." In 2013 and 2014, Raise Up Massachusetts, a coalition of more than 100 community organizations, religious groups, and labor unions, collected more than 193,000 signatures to put a minimum wage increase on the November 2014 ballot. In June 2014, the Legislature and Raise Up Massachusetts worked together to craft a bill that raised the minimum wage and avoided the need for a ballot campaign. "Our religious faith values call on all of us to be just soci- ety," said Jack Livramento, Board President of the faith-based Massachusetts Communities Action Network and a lay leader at Our Lady of Assumption Church in New Bedford. "Raising the minimum wage is a beginning toward having a living wage for all persons. It lessens the great inequity that those just getting by day to day experience. It's a step toward justice." Since June 2014, the Massachusetts economy has added more than 150,000 jobs, and unemployment is at its lowest rate since before the Great Recession. "Over the last few years, wek, e made important progress, helped hundreds of thousands of working people across the state, rebuilt our economy from the bottom up, and proven that increasing the minimum wage makes Massachusetts stronger" said Carlha Toussaint, Brockton organizer for the Coalition for Social Justice. "But even today, our state's minimum wage is not enough for a fuU-time worker to pay their bills or support a family. There's more work to be done." In November, Raise Up Massachusetts announced a campaign for legislation that would raise the state's minimum wage to $15 over several years, joining states like California and New York, as well as cities like Seattle and Washington, D.C. "As the increases in the minimum wage ve won two years ago are implemented, we're determined to build on the progress we~ce made and keep raising wages for hard-working Massachusetts families," said Roxana Rivera, the lead of 32BJ Service Employees International Union District 625. "In January, we'll introduce legislation that would continue the annual in- creases weX, e seen over the last two years until we get to $15 for all workers in our Commonwealth." If employees do not receive the wage increase that is due starting January ist, they should call the Attomey General's Fair Labor Hotline at 617-727-3465 and file a Wage Complaint Form through the Attorney General's website. Have Spineili's Cater Your Holiday Parties www.spinellis.com Ring in the New Year at SPUNEW'S FUNCTUON FAClLtT /ynnfield Call for reservations 781-582.6400